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From the Publisher"A model in which the struggles of black people worldwide from the Haitian Revolution to contemporary rap fundamentally inform and shape historical questions and understandings. . . . Recommended."
Transcending geographic and cultural lines, From Toussaint to Tupac is an ambitious collection of essays exploring black internationalism and its implications for a black consciousness. At its core, black internationalism is a struggle against oppression, whether manifested in slavery, colonialism, or racism. The ten essays in this volume offer a comprehensive overview of the global movements that define black internationalism, from its origins in the colonial period to the present.
From Toussaint to Tupac focuses on three moments in global black history: the American and Haitian revolutions, the Garvey movement and the Communist International following World War I, and the Black Power movement of the late twentieth century. Contributors demonstrate how black internationalism emerged and influenced events in particular localities, how participants in the various struggles communicated across natural and man-made boundaries, and how the black international aided resistance on the local level, creating a collective consciousness.
In sharp contrast to studies that confine Black Power to particular national locales, this volume demonstrates the global reach and resonance of the movement. The volume concludes with a discussion of hip hop, including its cultural and ideological antecedents in Black Power.
Introduction Contours of the Black International From Toussaint to Tupac Michael O. West William G. Martin 1
Part 1 The American Revolution and the Creation of a Global African World Sylvia Frey 47
Haiti, I'm Sorry The Haitian Revolution and the Forging of the Black International Michael O. West William G. Martin 72
Part 2 Nothing Matters but Color Transnational Circuits, the Interwar Caribbean, and the Black International Lara Putnam 107
Providential Design American Negroes and Garveyism in South Africa Robert Vinson 130
The Negro Question The Communist International and Black Liberation in the Interwar Years Hakim Adi 155
Part 3 Waiting for the Black Gandhi Satyagraha and Black Internationalism Vijay Prashad 179
The Rise and Fall of Caribbean Black Power Brian Meeks 197
Merely One Link in the Worldwide Revolution Internationalism, State Repression, and the Black Panther Party, 1966-1972 Robyn Spencer 215
Hip Hop's Diasporic Landscapes of Blackness Marc D. Perry 232
About the Authors 299