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About This Book
REA's The Best Teachers' Test Preparation for the Florida Teacher Certification Examination: Elementary Education K-6 is a comprehensive guide designed to assist you in preparing to take the Florida Teacher Certification Examination required for teaching at the elementary level, kindergarten through grade 6. To enhance your chances of success in this important step toward your career as a teacher in Florida elementary schools, this test guide:
o Identifies some of the important information and its representation on the FTCE: K-6;
o summarizes the content for a quick review;
o provides sample questions in the actual test format;
o suggests tips and strategies for successfully completing standardized tests;
o presents an accurate and complete overview of the FTCE: K-6;
o provides two practice tests for rehearsal before the test date;
o replicates the format of the FTCE: K-6;
o represents the types and the levels of difficulty of the questions that appear on the test; and o supplies the correct answer and detailed explanations for each question on the two practice tests; this enables you not only to identify correct answers but also to understand why they are correct and, just as important, why the other answers are incorrect.
The guide is a result of studying many resources. The editors considered the most recent test administrations, other test guides, and professional standards; they also researched information from the Florida Department of Education, professional journals, textbooks, and educators.
In addition to guiding your preparation for certification, recertification, out-of-field certification, or multiple certifications, this REA test prep is a valuable resource for college and university personnel and in-service trainers. They will find the book helpful as they construct help sessions and recommend resources for a test candidate. The guide may even suggest topics or content to include in a college course syllabus.
Although our book is intended to help you succeed on the FTCE: K-6, you should not consider it a replacement for any college course, a duplicate of the test, or a complete source of subject matter to master. Like knowledge itself, the FTCE: K-6 can change.
This book includes the best test preparation materials based on the latest information available from test administrators. The number and distribution of questions can vary from test to test. Accordingly, prospective examinees should pay strict attention to their strengths and weaknesses and not depend on specific proportions of any subject areas appearing on the actual exam.
About the Test
Who Must Take the FTCE: K-6?
Individuals take the FTCE: K-6 to obtain a temporary certificate (nonrenewable and valid for three school years) or a professional certificate (Florida's highest educator certificate, renewable and valid for five school years). To obtain either certificate, a prospective teacher must demonstrate mastery of subject matter knowledge, as indicated by a passing score on the FTCE: K-6.
People taking the test include (1) individuals seeking initial teacher certification in Florida, (2) educators with temporary certificates who want professional certificates, and (3) educators who are making changes in their teaching career. You are eligible to take the test if you are:
o enrolled in a college or university teacher preparation program at the bachelor's or master's degree level,
o teaching with provisional certification, or o making a change in your teaching career.
What If I Do Not Pass the Test?
If you do not achieve a passing score on the FTCE: K-6, you should not panic! Instead, as a serious test taker, plan to retake the test after waiting at least 31 days. The waiting period enables you to do additional work to improve your score on the next test. Remember, a low score on the FTCE is not an indication that you should change your plans about a teaching career.
Who Designs the Test?
The Florida Department of Education develops and administers the FTCE: K-6. The test reflects modifications the Florida Legislature has made to the program of testing required for teacher candidates, who must demonstrate mastery of subject matter in areas covered by the certification.
A committee developed the FTCE: K-6. The specialists on the committee came from within the state and included teachers, supervisors, and college faculty with expertise in the content areas. Recommendations by professional organizations, content area experts, and teachers' unions assisted in the selection of committee members.
The committee identified the information for inclusion on the FTCE: K-6 and validated the content. To develop the test, the committee used reviews of the literature, surveys of and interviews with teachers, pilot tests, and their own expertise. They designed and implemented a validation process to ensure that the content and difficulty level of the test are appropriate.
When Should I Take the FTCE: K-6?
Most candidates for teacher certification take the test just before or after graduation. Some institutions have rules about the dates by which students must have taken and passed the examination. Consult the rules of the college where you are enrolled to determine if any stipulations exist.
The Florida Department of Education establishes the tests you must take for certification and the deadlines by which you must complete the tests for certification purposes. For instance, if you have a temporary certificate, it is good for only three years; if you do not take and pass the required FTCE: K-6 within the period that the Florida State Department sets, your certificate can lapse.
Typically, there are four or five administrations of the FTCE: K-6 during the academic year, usually on a Saturday, at several locations throughout the state of Florida. However, the state often plans four or five supplemental test dates to accommodate test takers whose schedules might conflict with the typical testing schedule because of religious obligations, for instance. In addition, a test candidate who has a disability and cannot take the test under standard testing conditions can request special accommodations. A disabled test taker needs to check with the Florida Department of Education about rules for requesting special arrangements.
Several Web sites, phone numbers, and addresses help you stay up-to-date with information about the FTCE: K-6. You can contact the Florida Department of Education as follows:
325 West Gaines Street, Suite 414
Tallahassee, FL 32399-0400
Phone: (850) 488-8198 or (813) 974-2400
Web site: fldoe.org/
In addition, these Web sites provide useful information:
The FTCE Home Page: firn.edu/doe/sas/ftcehome.htm Certification Examinations for Florida Educators: cefe.usf.edu/
Is There a Registration Fee?
To take the FTCE: K-6, you must pay a registration fee. Payment must be by personal check, money order, cashier's check, or credit card (Visa or MasterCard). Cash is not accepted. For information on the current test rules, regulations, and fees, contact the Florida Department of Education or go to the Web sites listed above.
How to Use This Book The following sections outline ways you can use this study guide and take the practice tests to help you prepare for the Florida Teacher Certification Examination: K-6.
How Do I Begin Studying?
1. Review the organization of this test preparation guide.
2. Follow the "FTCE: K-6 Study Schedule" presented at the end of this chapter. The schedule is for a seven-week independent study program, but you can condense or expand the schedule according to the time you have available.
3. Take the Diagnostic Test.
4. Score the Diagnostic Test according to the directions in the section of this chapter titled "Scoring the FTCE: K-6."
5. Review the section of this chapter titled "Format of the FTCE: K-6," which provides the format of items on the sample test and a replica of the real test.
6. Review the suggestions for test taking presented later in this chapter.
7. Pay attention to the information about the competencies and skills, content, and topics on the test.
8. Spend time reviewing those topics that seem to warrant more study.
9. Take the Practice Test and study those competencies that your test scores indicate need more review.
10. Follow the suggestions presented later in this chapter for the day before and the day of the test.
Thoroughly studying the subject area reviews in Chapters 2 through 6 of this guide will reinforce the basic skills you need to do well on the exam. Taking the practice tests under timed, simulated testing conditions will help you become familiar with the format of the FTCE: K-6 and the procedures involved in taking the actual test.
When Should I Start Studying?
It is never too early to start studying for the FTCE: K-6. (Actually, you started preparing when you began your first college course and internship.) The earlier you begin using this guide, however, the more time you will have to sharpen your skills. Do not procrastinate! Cramming is not the most effective way to study; it does not give you the time you need to think about the content, review the competencies, and practice the test. It is important, however, to review the material one last time the night before the test administration.
Format of the FTCE: K-6
The FTCE: K-6 requires all morning and most of the afternoon to complete; test takers get a lunch break between the two parts. At the start of the test, you will receive two test booklets: one for the morning test (about 135 minutes) and one for the afternoon test (125 minutes). The total test-taking time is, therefore, 260 minutes (4 hours, 20 minutes); adding the tutorial time and the lunch break, the total examination period is 330 minutes. The FTCE: K-6 is the only subject area test that you cannot take on the same day as another test, for instance the Professional Education Test.
You should have plenty of time to complete the FTCE: K-6 during the examination period, but you will need to be aware of the amount of time you spend on each question. You do not want to find you have run out of time before you finish all the questions. Although speed is not very important, a steady pace is necessary when answering the questions. Using the practice tests will help you set your pace.
Each of the roughly 223 questions has four answer options: A, B, C, and D. Test takers will receive answer sheets on which they will mark their responses by filling in the "bubbles." Individual test items require levels of thinking, ranging from simple recall to evaluation, analysis, and problem solving. The questions, however, are all in multiple-choice format. To complete the FTCE: K-6 in the allotted 260 minutes, you should allow yourself about one minute for each test question.
Format of Questions on the FTCE: K-6
There are several types of questions on the FTCE: K-6. The types are (1) scenario; (2) direct question, command, and sentence completion; (3) graphs and maps; (4) graphics; and (5) word problems. Following are definitions of each type of question and examples for practice.
1. Scenario. You must examine a case study, scenario, or problem and answer the question, diagnose the problem, or suggest the best course of action from the provided options.
i. A student describes an analysis of a recent presidential address for the class. The teacher replies, "You have provided us with a most interesting way of looking at this issue!"
The teacher is using
(A) simple positive response.
(B) negative response.
(D) academic praise.
ii. While waiting for students to formulate their responses to a question, a student blurts out an answer. The teacher should
(A) ignore the answer entirely.
(B) respond immediately to the student's answer.
(C) silently acknowledge the student's response and address the response after someone else has answered the question.
(D) move on to another question without comment.
2. Direct question, sentence completion, and command. The examinee must choose the option that best answers the question, best completes the sentence, or best responds to the command given. With the direct question, there is actually a question mark as punctuation in the question stem. The examinee answers the question.
iii. Which of the following is a trait of effective professional development?
(A) A continuous plan of lifelong learning
(B) Activities developed solely by the principal
(C) A one-hour stand-alone workshop
(D) A totally theory-based program iv. What is one way of incorporating nonperformers into a discussion?
(A) Ask a student to respond to a previous student's statement.
(B) Name a student to answer a question.
(C) Only call on students with their hands raised.
(D) Allow off-topic conversations.
3. With the sentence completion, there is a portion of the sentence omitted. The test-taker chooses the best answer to finish the statement declaratory sentence.
v. Teachers convey emotion through
(A) body language, eye contact, and verbal cues.
(B) verbal contact and cues.
(C) voice levels.
(D) the way they listen.
4. With the command, the word you is understood. The test-taker is given a direction to follow.
vi. Identify the type of traditional literature that serves to explain why a phenomena or phenomenon occur(s).
(B) Fairy tale
5. Graph or map. Identify or interpret a graph or map by choosing the response that best answers the question.
vii. The following graph shows sales totals for each region of the state in thousands of dollars; the graph shows the totals by yearly quarters.
The region with the largest total sales for the year is
(A) the east.
(B) the north.
(C) the west.
(D) the south.
6. Graphics. Choose the response that best answers a question about a number line, a geometric figure, a chart, a graph of lines or curves, or a table-but not the typical maps and graphs of the previous question type.
viii. Troubled by what seems to be an increase in gang-type activity among increasingly younger children, Bill wants to find out what his students think and know about gangs. He wants to learn the most he can about the students' thinking on this topic in the least amount of time. He wants all students to have the chance to share what they think and know, yet he also wants to maximize interaction among students. The students will spend the entire morning reading, talking, and writing a group report about this subject. Which of the following seating arrangements would best help Bill meet his objectives?
(A) The upper-left diagram
(B) The lower-left diagram
(C) The upper-right diagram
(D) The lower-right diagram
7. Word problem. Apply mathematical principles to solve a real-world problem.
ix. Examine the following addition problems worked by an elementary school student. Analyze what error pattern the student's work is exhibiting. If the student worked the problem 88 ± 39 using the error pattern exhibited here, what answer would the student give?
74 35 67 56
+ 56 + 92 + 18 + 97
1,210 127 715 1,413
(A) 127 (C) 51
(B) 131 (D) 1,117
Answers i.Academic praise (D) is composed of specific statements that give information about the value of the object or about its implications. A simple positive response (A) does not provide any information other than the praise, such as the example, "That's a good answer!" There is nothing negative (B) about the teacher's response. A redirect (C) occurs when a teacher asks a student to react to the response of another student.
ii.If the teacher ignores the answer entirely (A) or moves on to another question (D), it devalues the student's response. If the teacher responds immediately to the digression (B), the disruptive behavior has been rewarded. The correct answer is (C).
iii.Effective professional development is not a one-time workshop, nor can it be satisfied within a specified amount of time (C). To effect growth in children, teachers must grow and develop as well (A). This learning must extend throughout the teacher's career and beyond. In addition, effective professional development relies on meeting the needs of those involved and therefore cannot be dictated solely by one individual (B). Finally, in addition to being theory and research-based, the learning gained from professional development activities must be practical and applicable (D). Otherwise, the learning cannot be used at the school site, and the training is rendered useless.
iv.Nonperformers are students who are not involved in the class discussion at that particular moment. Asking students to respond to student statements (A) is the only option that describes a way of incorporating nonperformers into a class discussion.
v.Even without saying a word, teachers can communicate a variety of emotions with their body language, eye contact, and verbal cues (A). Smiles, verbal cues (such as the intonation of voice), movement, posture, and eye contact with students can convey the enthusiasm of an effective teacher. Body language can even convey that teachers are actively listening to their students by maintaining eye contact and leaning into the conversation.
vi.A myth (C) is an explanation for something that a person does not understand; examples are stories about why a rabbit has a short tail, why the camel has a hump, and why there are certain patterns (constellations) in the night sky. A fable (A) is a story that teaches a moral and that may have animals acting like people; (A) is not the best answer. A fairy tale (B) is a story that often has stereotyping, magic, and good winning out over evil; (B) is not the best answer. A legend (D) often has some elements of truth, but the person, place, or thing becomes exaggerated. For example, there is a fountain in St. Augustine, but it does not provide eternal youth; there was a lumberjack, but he did not have a blue ox and was not a giant (Paul Bunyan). (C) is the best answer.
vii.To figure out the answer to any question involving the bar graph, you need to look at the graph carefully. The numbers on the left of the graph in this question are in increments of 20, which would be $20,000; these large increments make it difficult to get a precise answer. The first reaction is that the east might be the correct answer. The largest bar is in the color for the east. If you look more closely, however, you see that during the first quarter, the sales in the east were $20,000; sales were about $28,000 during the second quarter. The third quarter sales in the east (A) amounted to about $90,000; added to the $20,000 for the fourth quarter, you get a total of about $148,000. The totals for the north (D) were $42,000, $42,000, $42,000, and $42,000; this gives a total of $168,000. The sales for the west (C) are $30,000, $38,000, $37,000, and $25,000; that gives a total of $130,000. The reader has no idea of sales figures for the south (D).
viii.Placing the students in small groups in which they meet face to face (B) will allow Bill to maximize the students' interaction while giving each student the maximum opportunity to speak. Placing students in the traditional rows facing the front discourages student interaction and minimizes each student's opportunities to speak (A). Although placing students in pairs maximizes each student's opportunity to speak, it limits the sources of interaction; each student can share thoughts with only one other student (C). In contrast, a group of four allows the student to interact as part of three dyads, two triads, and a quadrant. When placing the students in cooperative groups, it is wise to arrange the desks within the physical space of the classroom in such a way that each group's talking does not distract the members of other groups (D).
ix.You should note that the student is failing to carry in both the ones and tens places. 56 + 97 is being treated as 5 + 9 and 6 + 7. The two answers are then combined for a total of 1,413. Choice A presents the correct answer to the addition problem and therefore does not exhibit the error pattern. Choice C exhibits switching from addition to subtraction (9 - 8 = 1) and (8 - 3 = 5). Also, the child subtracts the top number from the bottom one in the first step. In choice B, the child subtracts 8 from 9, and also 3 from 8, and then adds to the 8 in the tens place. Only choice (D) illustrates the pattern of recording the sum and not carrying.
Content of the FTCE: K-6
The FTCE: K-6 comprises five subject areas, with competencies (areas of content knowledge) under each subject:
o Language Arts: 5 competencies o Mathematics: 6 competencies o Social Science: 5 competencies o Music, Visual Arts, Physical Education, and Health: 9 competencies o Science and Technology: 9 competencies
The Florida Department of Education has identified skills related to each competency. These competencies and skills are the basis for the FTCE: K-6. The reviewer can use these competencies and skills as an inventory of information to consider when preparing to take the test. The subject area reviews, competencies, and skills in Chapters 2 through 6 of this guide can help one prepare for the FTCE: K-6.
Computer-based tests are available as alternatives to the traditional pencil-and-paper tests. Test candidates can take the on-line tests at flexible times throughout the year; they are comparable in length and in difficulty to the paper-and-pencil tests. Like the traditional FTCE: K-6, the computer-based tests use only multiple-choice questions. You can preview and review questions and change your answers while taking the test. Immediately after you complete the computer-based tests, unofficial score reports appear on your monitor; you should receive official score reports by mail in about a month. To register for on-line tests, you can go to cefe.usf.edu/ and click on "Computer-Based Testing."
Minimal computer skills are necessary to take the on-line test. However, you should be comfortable with the Windows platform; able to use a mouse; and familiar with the skills of scrolling, dragging, clicking, and double-clicking. Before you take the computer-based examination, you can complete an on-line short tutorial. The tutorial shows you how to move through the test, mark answers, change responses, and review questions throughout the test.
About the Subject Area Reviews in This Book
The subject area reviews in Chapters 2 through 6 of this book will help you sharpen the basic skills you will need when you take the FTCE: K-6. In addition, the reviews provide you with strategies for attacking the test questions. Each teaching area has its own chapter; subtopics in each chapter include the competencies within the subject area and information on the skills within the competencies.
Your education has already provided much of the information you need to score well on the FTCE: K-6. Education classes and internships have given you the know-how to make important decisions about situations that teachers face. The reviews in this book will help you fit the information you have already acquired into specific competency components. Reviewing class notes and textbooks and using the competency and skill reviews in this book will provide excellent preparation for passing the FTCE: K-6. Each subject area review includes a competency statement and a list of the associated skills.
Another important part of the book is the two practice tests that will help develop your test-taking skills. Although the review sections and the practice tests will help prepare you for the FTCE: K-6, this guide is not an all-inclusive source of information or a substitute for course work. The sample test items cannot be exact representations of questions that actually appear on the test.
Scoring the FTCE: K-6
How Do I Score the Practice Tests?
There are about 223 questions on the FTCE: K-6. The exact number of questions necessary for a passing score varies with different administrations of the test and with different numbers of test questions on the test. A passing score on the FTCE: K-6 is about 63 percent. In other words, if the test you take has 223 questions, you need to answer roughly 141 questions correctly to achieve a passing score. The passing score for each of the practice tests in this guide is also 63 percent.
If you do not achieve a passing score on the practice tests, you should review completely the detailed explanations for the questions you answered incorrectly. Pay particular attention to the questions you answered incorrectly, note the types of questions you missed and reexamine the corresponding review section. After further study, you might want to retake the practice tests.
When Will I Receive My Score Report for the FTCE: K-6?
Approximately one month after you take the FTCE: K-6, you will receive two identical, official score reports. The Bureau of Educator Certification will receive an electronic copy of the score report. A copy of the score report will go to one Florida college or university and/or one school district if you so requested. Additional copies are $10.00 each.
Studying for the FTCE: K-6
Choose a study time and study place that suit the way the way you live and learn. Some people set aside a certain number of hours every morning to study; others choose to study at night before going to sleep. Busy test candidates study at random times during the day: while waiting in line for coffee, while eating lunch, or between classes. Only you can determine the study plan that is best for you.
It is important to study consistently and to use your time wisely. After you work out a study routine, stick to it. It is crucial not to wait until the last minute and not to cram.
When you take the practice tests in this book, observe the time constraints and try to simulate the conditions of the actual test as closely as possible. Turn off the television, the phone, and the radio. Sit down at a table in a quiet room, free from distraction.
After you complete a practice test, calculate your score. Keeping track of your scores will enable you to gauge progress and discover general weaknesses in particular sections.
Reviewing thoroughly the explanations to the questions you answered incorrectly and noting the reasons for the correct answers will help you gain mastery. Give extra attention to the review sections that cover areas of difficulty you have noted, and gradually build skills in those areas.
It is important to concentrate on just one problem area at a time; a good way to do this is by studying the questions you missed and the explanations of why those answers are inappropriate. Study the corresponding chapter for additional information. Giving extra attention to competencies and skills related to your areas of weakness is an effective learning tool and will help increase your knowledge and confidence in subject areas that initially gave you difficulty.
Using note cards to record facts and information for future review is a good way to study and keep the information at your fingertips in the days to come. You can easily pull out the small note cards and review them at random moments: during a coffee break or meal, on the bus or train as you head home, or just before falling asleep. Using the cards gives you essential information at a glance, keeps you organized, and helps you master the materials. Ultimately, you gain the confidence you need to succeed.
Before the Test
If the test center is not located in a familiar area, you might want to make a trial run to ensure that you do not get lost and that there are no detours. It is always a good idea to check your registration slip to verify the time and place. Before leaving for the test center, be sure you have your admission ticket and two forms of identification, one of which must contain a recent photograph, your name, and signature (e.g., your driver's license). You may not enter the test center without proper identification.
It is helpful to arrive at the test center early. This allows you some time to choose a suitable seat, relax, and avoid the anxiety that might come with a late arrival.
You should plan what to wear ahead of the test day. It is important to dress comfortably and in layers; that way you can remove a sweater or add a jacket if the room is too hot or too cool. Dressing in layers ensures that the room temperature will not divert your concentration while taking the test.
What to Take (and What Not to Take) to the Test Center
You must supply your own pencils. It is a good idea to bring several sharpened No. 2 pencils with erasers because the test monitors will not provide any at the test center. You do not want to have to get up during the test to sharpen a pencil; another test taker may forget a pencil and may ask you to share so it is best to have a supply on hand.
You should wear a watch to the test center. However, you cannot wear a watch that makes noise because it can disturb the other test takers. The proctor will instruct test takers of the total time for the session; when you know how many questions are in the booklet and how many minutes are in the morning or afternoon session, you can gauge time accurately for each question.
As an added precaution, be sure to check the page numbers very quickly. One test taker's booklet was incorrectly stapled, and she did not realize it until she was three pages from the end of the test. It would be better to realize this at the beginning of the test than when your time is almost up.
You cannot bring dictionaries, textbooks, notebooks, calculators, briefcases, or packages. Food, drinks, cigarettes, and other smoking implements must also remain at home.
During the Test
The FTCE: K-6 requires 260 minutes to administer. You will have a lunch break during the test. To maintain test security, test takers and the proctor must follow certain procedures. Once you enter the test center, you must follow all the rules and the instructions that the proctor gives. Test takers who do not do so risk dismissal from the test and having their test scores canceled.
After distributing the testing materials, the proctor will give the directions for filling out the answer sheet. It is important to fill out the sheet carefully because the information you provide will appear on the score report.
Once the test begins, you should be sure to fill in answers darkly and neatly, mark only one answer per question, and completely erase unwanted answers and marks.
REA's The Best Teachers' Test Preparation for the FTCE: Elementary Education K-6 will acquaint you with the test and help alleviate test-taking anxieties. Listed here are ways you can get ready to take the FTCE: K-6, and perhaps other tests as well.
Tip 1.Become comfortable with the format of the FTCE: K-6. Use the practice tests, simulate the conditions under which you will be taking the actual test, try to stay calm, and pace yourself. In fact, after simulating the test only once, you will boost your chances of doing well and will be able to sit down for the actual FTCE: K-6 with much more confidence.
Tip 2.Read all the possible answers. Even if the first response appears to be the correct answer, the savvy test taker will read all the choices and not automatically assume that the first is the best answer. Read through each choice to be sure that you are not making a mistake by jumping to conclusions.
Tip 3.Use the process of elimination by going through each answer to a question and discarding as many of the answer choices as possible. For instance, if you eliminate two of the four answer choices, the chances of getting the item correct have increased because you have only two choices left from which to make a guess-a 50-50 chance of choosing the correct answer.
Tip 4.Never leave a question unanswered. It is better to guess than to leave a question blank on the FTCE: K-6.
Tip 5.Work quickly and steadily when taking the test. The actual test consists of roughly 223 questions, and you will have 260 minutes to complete the test. Therefore, you will need to work at a constant pace over a long period of time. Wearing a watch and referring to the time occasionally will help you gauge the time left. You will need to allow about a minute for each question.
Tip 6.Do not focus on any one question too long.
Tip 7.Take the practice tests in this guide to help you learn to budget the precious time allotted for the test session.
Tip 8.Study the directions and the format of the FTCE: K-6. Familiarizing yourself with the directions and format of the test will not only save time but also alleviate anxiety and the mistakes caused by being anxious.
Tip 9.During the test, you should constantly check the answer sheet to be sure that the number beside the answer bubble matches the number beside the question in the test booklet.
Tip 10.Enter your answers carefully. The FTCE: K-6 is a multiple-choice test graded by machine. If you skip a bubble or enter an answer twice, the rest of the answers on the answer sheet may be incorrect and may affect your score seriously.
Tip 11.Place a question mark in your answer booklet beside any question for which you had to guess. If you have extra time, you can always re-check those questions you marked. Do not, however, make stray marks on the answer sheet.
FTCE: K-6 Study Schedule
The following study schedule allows for thorough preparation to pass the FTCE: K-6. The course of study suggested here is seven weeks, but you can condense or expand your preparation program to match the time you have available for study. In any case, it is vital that you adhere to a structured plan and set aside ample time each day to study. Depending on your timeframe, you might find it easier to study throughout the weekend and during the week. No matter what timetable you plan, the more time you devote to studying for the FTCE: K-6, the more prepared and confident you will be on the day of the actual test.
Week 1.Take the diagnostic exam. The score will indicate your strengths and weaknesses. Make sure that you take the test under simulated exam conditions and observe the time guidelines. After taking the test, score it and review the explanations, particularly for the questions you answered incorrectly.
Week 2.Review the explanations for the questions you missed, and choose the review sections in the chapters that will provide information in your areas of weakness. Useful study techniques are to highlight key terms and information; to take notes on the material in the review sections as you work; and to put new terms and information on note cards to help you retain the information.
Weeks 3 and 4.Reread the note cards you created in preparation for the test, look through your college textbooks, and read over your class notes from past courses. In addition, you may find it helpful to re-read the competencies and skills that the test emphasizes; a summary of this information is in the review sections of this guide. This is the time to consider any other supplementary materials that your counselor or the Florida State Department of Education suggests. (Be sure to review the Web site for the Florida Department of Education at fldoe.org/.)
Week 5.Begin to condense your notes and findings. A structured list of important facts and concepts-based on the FTCE: K-6 competencies and skills and written on index cards-will help you as you review for the test.
Week 6.Have a relative, friend, or colleague quiz you using the index cards you created the previous week. Take the practice test, adhering to the time limits and replicating actual testing conditions as closely as possible. Review the explanations for both the incorrectly and correctly answered questions.
Week 7.Review your areas of weakness using study materials, references, and notes. This is a good time to retake the practice test.
After the Test When the time is up, hand in the materials. The proctor will dismiss all the people taking the test. You are then free to go home and relax-a well-deserved treat!
Chapter 1: Passing The Examination About This Book About The Test How To Use This Book Format Of The FTCE: K-6
Format Of Questions On The FTCE: K-6
Answers Content Of The FTCE: K-6
Computer-Based Testing About The Subject Area Reviews In This Book Scoring The FTCE: K-6
Studying For The FTCE: K-6
Before The Test What To Take (And What Not To Take) To The Test Center During The Test Test-Taking Tips FTCE: K-6 Study Schedule After The Test Diagnostic Test Answer Sheet Diagnostic Test Answer Key Diagnostic Test: Detailed Explanations Of Answers
Chapter 2: Language Arts Competency 1: Knowledge Of Emergent Literacy Competency 2: Knowledge Of Reading Competency 4: Knowledge Of Literature Competency 5: Knowledge Of Writing Competency 6: Knowledge And Use Of Reading Assessment References Children's Literature
Chapter 3: Mathematics Competency 7: Knowledge Of Number Sense, Concepts, And Operations Competency 8: Knowledge Of Measurement Competency 9: Knowledge Of Geometry And Spatial Sense Competency 10: Knowledge Of Algebraic Thinking Competency 11: Knowledge Of Data Analysis And Probability Competency 12: Knowledge Of Instruction And Assessment References
Chapter 4: Social Science Competency 13: Knowledge Of Time, Continuity, And Change (History)
Competency 14: Knowledge Of People, Places, And Environment (Geography)
Competency 15: Knowledge Of Government And The Citizen (Government And Civics)
Competency 16: Knowledge Of Production, Distribution, And Consumption (Economics)
Competency 17: Knowledge Of Instruction And Assessment Of The Social Sciences References
Chapter 5: Science And Technology Competency 18: Knowledge Of The Nature Of Matter Competency 19: Knowledge Of Forces, Motion, And Energy Competency 20: Knowledge Of Processes That Shape The Earth Competency 21: Knowledge Of Earth And Space Competency 22: Knowledge Of The Processes Of Life Competency 23: Knowledge Of How Living Things Interact With The Environment Competency 24: Knowledge Of The Nature And History Of Science Competency 25: Knowledge Of The Relationship Of Science And Technology Competency 26: Knowledge Of Technology Processes And Applications References
Chapter 6: Music, Visual Arts, Physical Education, And Health Competency 27: Knowledge Of Skills And Techniques In Music And Visual Arts Competency 28: Knowledge Of Creation And Communication In Music And Visual Arts Competency 29: Knowledge Of Cultural And Historical Connections In Music And Visual Arts Competency 30: Knowledge Of Aesthetic And Critical Analysis Of Music And Visual Arts Competency 31: Knowledge Of Appropriate Assessment Strategies In Music And Visual Arts Competency 32: Knowledge Of Personal Health And Wellness Competency 33: Knowledge Of Physical, Social, And Emotional Growth And Development Competency 34: Knowledge Of Community Health And Safety Issues Competency 35: Knowledge Of Subject Content And Appropriate Curriculum Design
References Practice Test Answer Sheet Practice Test Answer Key Practice Test: Detailed Explanations Of Answers