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Doody's Review ServiceReviewer: Michael Joel Schrift, DO, MA (University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine)
Description: The clinical-pathological correlation was essential in placing medicine on a scientific basis over 100 years ago. Unfortunately for psychiatry and much of neurology, the study of brain-behavior relationships was limited, prior to the last two decades, to patients with focal brain lesions. But lesions are not synonymous with function. The advent of functional brain imaging has catalyzed a revolution and paradigm shift in the understanding of brain-behavior relationships and has given rise to the field of cognitive neuroscience. Thus the cognitive and behavioral consequences of focal brain lesions such as aphasia and the brain activations that occur when a normal individual performs language-related tasks that engage specific brain regions complement one another and provide a much richer understanding of the brain and its mechanisms. This book, written and edited by nationally recognized cognitive neuroscientists, is an outstanding review of the literature on functional imaging in neuropsychiatric disorders and is a welcome contribution to the field.
Purpose: The purpose is to summarize the clinically oriented functional imaging studies to date and to demonstrate the opportunities available in the clinical neurosciences that have been created by the availabilities of these new tools.
Audience: The intended audience includes neuropsychologists, neuropsychiatrists, and graduate students in cognitive neuroscience.
Features: The first of the book's three parts focuses on the underlying principles involved in functional brain imaging with chapters on PET, fMRI, EEG, and MEG. Part 2 reviews neuroimaging methods with application of the BOLD technique to neurologically impaired patients; network analysis in regards to normal and abnormal neural systems operations. Part 3 is clinically oriented, with chapters reviewing functional brain imaging studies in autism, neurosurgical planning in temporal lobe epilepsy, aphasia, traumatic brain injury, multiple sclerosis, alcohol intoxication, schizophrenia, aging, stroke recovery, and functional brain imaging implications for neurorehabilitation. This is a scholarly work, with pertinent and recent citations of the scientific literature at the end of each chapter. The index is especially helpful in a book covering a variety of disorders.
Assessment: This is an excellent book summarizing the field of functional brain imaging in neuropsychiatric disorders. If you are interested in keeping abreast of the scientific revolution in cognitive neuroscience, then this book is required reading.