Fundamentalisms and Society: Reclaiming the Sciences, the Family, and Education

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This book, the second volume of the Fundamentalism Project, provides a systematic overview of the advances made by antisecular religious movements over the past twenty-five years and shows the impact these movements have had on human relations, education, women's rights, and scientific research. The essays consider developments within the religious traditions of Islam, Judaism, Christianity, Buddhism, and Hinduism in over a dozen nations. What do individual fundamentalist movements regard as the foundations for and limits of knowledge? What do they understand the proper role of science to be? And how do their world views determine the application of technology? The distinguished contributors to this volume - anthropologists, historians of religion, historians of science, and sociologists - address these and other questions through a discussion of topics such as educational structures of Hindu revivalism, women in fundamentalist Iran and Pakistan, and the creationist cosmos of Protestant fundamentalism. In a concluding essay, William H. McNeill situates contemporary fundamentalisms within a world historical context. The Fundamentalism Project is a monumental undertaking by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences that involves an international group of scholars. Taken together, the volumes in this series will become a standard reference for educators and policy analysts for years to come.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780226508818
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • Publication date: 11/1/1997
  • Series: The Fundamentalism Project Series
  • Edition description: 1
  • Pages: 602
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Table of Contents

Ch. 1 Introduction: A Sacred Cosmos, Scandalous Code, Defiant Society 1
Pt. I Worldviews, Science, and Technology
Ch. 2 Religious Fundamentalism and the Sciences 23
Ch. 3 The Creationist Cosmos of Protestant Fundamentalism 42
Ch. 4 The Worldview of Sunni Arab Fundamentalists: Attitudes toward Modern Science and Technology 73
Ch. 5 Islam and Modernity: The Reconstruction of an Alternative Shiite Islamic Worldview in Iran 103
Pt. 2 Family and Interpersonal Relationships
Ch. 6 The Impact of Fundamentalisms on Women, the Family, and Interpersonal Relations 129
Ch. 7 Reshaping Personal Relations in Egypt 151
Ch. 8 Obedience versus Autonomy: Women and Fundamentalism in Iran and Pakistan 181
Ch. 9 Building "Fundamentalism" from the Family in Latin America 214
Ch. 10 Plural Marriage and Mormon Fundamentalism 240
Ch. 11 The New Religions, Family, and Society in Japan 294
Pt. 3 Education and Media
Ch. 12 Fundamentalist Impact on Education and the Media: An Overview 313
Ch. 13 Islamic Fundamentalism in Iran and the Discourse of Development 341
Ch. 14 Jewish Fundamentalism in Israeli Education 374
Ch. 15 The Evangelical Awakening in Guatemala: Fundamentalist Impact on Education and Media 415
Ch. 16 Christian Fundamentalism and Education in the United States 452
Ch. 17 The Two Faces of Fundamentalist Higher Education 490
Ch. 18 Hindu Revivalism and Education in North-Central India 536
Epilogue: Fundamentalism and the World of the 199Os 558
List of Contributors 575
Index 577
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