Fundamentals of Applied Pathophysiology: An Essential Guide for Nursing and Healthcare Students [NOOK Book]

Overview

Fundamentals of Applied Pathophysiology is designed specifically for nursing and healthcare students, providing a straightforward, jargon-free, accessible introduction to pathophysiology. Highly visual and written specifically for students, the second edition of this best-selling textbook provides clear explanations of the anatomy of the human body, and the effects of disease or illness on normal physiology. To make study easier, the book includes learning outcomes, a range of activities to test learning, key ...

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Fundamentals of Applied Pathophysiology: An Essential Guide for Nursing and Healthcare Students

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Overview

Fundamentals of Applied Pathophysiology is designed specifically for nursing and healthcare students, providing a straightforward, jargon-free, accessible introduction to pathophysiology. Highly visual and written specifically for students, the second edition of this best-selling textbook provides clear explanations of the anatomy of the human body, and the effects of disease or illness on normal physiology. To make study easier, the book includes learning outcomes, a range of activities to test learning, key words, end-of-chapter glossaries, and clinical case scenarios, and is supported by an online resource centre with further activities and exercises.

 Key Features:

  • Superb full colour illustrations, bringing this subject to life
  • Full of extra features to help improve the learning process, including key words, test-your-knowledge, exercises, further reading and learning outcomes
  • New case studies throughout to help you understand how to apply the knowledge in clinical practice
  • Supported by an online resource centre at www.wiley.com/go/fundamentalsofappliedpathophysiology with fantastic extras for both lecturers and students, including an image bank, interactive multiple choice questions, true/false exercises, word-searches, glossary flash-cards, label-the diagram activities, and more!
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“Pre and post-reg students, tutors, lecturers and practitioners. It is so well written and presented that anyone picking it up will find something in it to interest them, even if they don’t know it yet.”  (Nursing Times, 7 October 2014)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781118311073
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 1/3/2013
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 640
  • File size: 24 MB
  • Note: This product may take a few minutes to download.

Meet the Author

ABOUT THE EDITORS

Muralitharan Nair is Senior Lecturer in the School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, University of Hertfordshire,UK.

Ian Peate is Professor of Nursing in the School of Nursing, Midwifery and Healthcare, University of West London, Middlesex, UK.

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Table of Contents

About the series xiv

Contributors xv

Acknowledgements xvii

Copyright information xviii

Preface xix

How to get the best out of your textbook xx

Features contained within your textbook xxii

How to use the website xxiii

Introduction xxiv

Chapter 1 Cell and body tissue physiology 1

Anthony Wheeldon

Introduction 2

Anatomy of the cell 2

The cell membrane 3

Cytoplasm 9

Nucleus 9

Mitosis and meiosis 10

The organelles 14

Types of cells 18

Tissues 19

Tissue repair 26

Conclusion 27

Activities 28

Glossary of terms 31

References 35

Chapter 2 Cancer 36

Carl Clare

Introduction 38

Biology of cancer 39

Causes of cancer 42

Staging of cancers 46

Signs and symptoms of cancer 47

Treatment of cancer 48

Prevention of cancer 50

Examples of cancers 51

Conclusion 56

Activities 57

Further resources 60

Glossary of terms 60

References 64

Chapter 3 Infl ammation, immune response and healing 66

Janet G. Migliozzi

Introduction 68

Infectious micro-organisms 68

Spread of infection 69

Types of infectious micro-organisms 73

The immune system 78

Organs, cells and proteins of the immune system 78

Infl ammatory response 84

Conclusion 86

Activities 87

Further resources 90

Glossary of terms 91

References 95

Chapter 4 Shock 96

Janet G. Migliozzi

Introduction 98

Types of shock 99

Pathophysiology of shock 102

Stages of shock 103

Care of the patient in shock 105

Conclusion 107

Activities 109

Further resources 111

Glossary of terms 112

References 113

Chapter 5 The heart and associated disorders 114

Muralitharan Nair

Introduction 116

Location of the heart 116

Structures of the heart 117

Blood fl ow through the heart 119

Conducting systems of the heart 120

Nerve supply of the heart 122

Diseases of the heart 123

Conclusion 135

Activities 136

Further resources 138

Glossary of terms 139

References 141

Chapter 6 The vascular system and associated disorders 142

Muralitharan Nair

Introduction 144

Overview of blood vessels 144

Structure of the blood vessels 144

Blood pressure 149

Diseases of the blood vessels 150

Conclusion 168

Activities 169

Further resources 172

Glossary of terms 173

References 174

Chapter 7 The blood and associated disorders 176

Muralitharan Nair

Introduction 178

Composition of blood 178

Properties of blood 178

Functions of blood 179

Plasma 180

Formed elements of blood 182

Haemostasis 187

Blood groups 188

Diseases of the blood 190

Conclusion 204

Activities 204

Further resources 206

Glossary of terms 207

References 209

Chapter 8 The renal system and associated disorders 210

Muralitharan Nair

Introduction 212

The renal system 212

Disorders of the renal system 222

Conclusion 233

Activities 234

Further resources 236

Glossary of terms 237

References 239

Chapter 9 The respiratory system and associated disorders 240

Anthony Wheeldon

Introduction 242

Anatomy and physiology 242

Disorders of the respiratory system 251

Conclusion 267

Activities 268

Further resources 269

Glossary of terms 270

References 274

Chapter 10 The nervous system and associated disorders 276

Janet G. Migliozzi

Introduction 278

Structure of the nervous system 278

Disorders of the nervous system 286

Conclusion 299

Activities 300

Further resources 303

References 304

Glossary of terms 304

Chapter 11 The gastrointestinal system and associated disorders 306

Louise McErlean

Introduction 308

Digestion 309

Structure of the gastrointestinal system 309

Accessory organs of digestion 320

Disorders of the digestive system 322

Conclusion 330

Activities 331

Further resources 334

Glossary of terms 335

References 337

Chapter 12 Nutrition and associated disorders 338

Muralitharan Nair

Introduction 340

Macronutrients 340

Micronutrients 343

Nutritional requirements 345

Nutritional disorders 346

Conclusion 354

Activities 355

Further resources 358

Glossary of terms 359

References 360

Chapter 13 The endocrine system and associated disorders 362

Carl Clare

Introduction 364

Hormones 366

The physiology of the endocrine glands 368

Disorders of the endocrine system 375

The pancreas 385

Conclusion 389

Activities 390

Further resources 392

Glossary of terms 392

References 395

Chapter 14 The reproductive systems and associated disorders 398

Ian Peate

Introduction 400

Reproductive health 400

The pelvis 401

The female reproductive tract 402

The menstrual cycle 405

The female breast 407

Menstrual disorders 407

The male reproductive tract 416

Male reproductive disorders 418

Conclusion 423

Activities 423

Further resources 426

Glossary of terms 427

References 428

Chapter 15 Pain and pain management 430

Anthony Wheeldon

Introduction 432

The physiology of pain 432

Pain classifi cation 439

The pain experience 440

Pain theories 440

Pain pathophysiology and management 442

Conclusion 458

Activities 459

Further resources 462

Glossary of terms 463

References 467

Chapter 16 The musculoskeletal system and associated disorders 470

Ian Peate

Introduction 472

The musculoskeletal system 472

The nervous system 477

Assessing the patient with a musculoskeletal disorder 477

Disorders of the musculoskeletal system 479

Conclusion 491

Activities 493

Further resources 496

Glossary of terms 497

References 499

Chapter 17 Fluid and electrolyte balance and associated disorders 500

Ian Peate

Introduction 502

Body fluid compartments 502

Composition of body fluid 502

Body fluid balance 504

Disorders associated with fl uid and electrolyte imbalance 510

Conclusion 519

Activities 520

Further resources 522

Glossary of terms 523

References 524

Chapter 18 The skin and associated disorders 526

Ian Peate

Introduction 528

The anatomy and physiology of the skin 529

Disorders of the skin 536

Conclusion 548

Activities 549

Further resources 552

Glossary of terms 553

References 554

Chapter 19 The ear, nose and throat, and eyes, and associated disorders 556

Carl Clare

Introduction 558

Physiology of the ear, nose and throat 558

Physiology of the eye 562

Disorders of the ear, nose and throat, and eye 564

Conclusion 577

Activities 578

Further resources 580

Glossary of terms 580

References 584

Appendix A Reference values in venous serum (adults) 586

Appendix B List of units 590

Index 591

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