Fundamentals of Chemistry / Edition 2

Fundamentals of Chemistry / Edition 2

by David E. Goldberg
     
 

Designed for the one-semester preparatory chemistry course, the new, fifth edition of Fundamentals of Chemistry provides students with a solid foundation in problem solving for all the topic areas covered in a standard general chemistry course.

The author not only provides a clear consistent methodology to help students develop conceptual and quantitative problem

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Overview

Designed for the one-semester preparatory chemistry course, the new, fifth edition of Fundamentals of Chemistry provides students with a solid foundation in problem solving for all the topic areas covered in a standard general chemistry course.

The author not only provides a clear consistent methodology to help students develop conceptual and quantitative problem-solving skills, but also engages students by using analogies that relate chemistry to everyday life. Students who need help with mathematical manipulations, as well as reading and writing scientific material, will find Goldberg’s text an excellent learning tool.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780697291509
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date:
07/28/1997
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
528

Table of Contents

1 Basic Concepts

1.1 Classification of Matter

1.2 Properties

1.3 Matter and Energy

1.4 Chemical Symbols

1.5 The Periodic Table

1.6 Laws, Hypotheses, and Theories

2 Measurement

2.1 Factor Label Method

2.2 Exponential Numbers

2.3 The Metric System

2.4 Significant Digits

2.5 Density

2.6 Temperature Scales

3 Atoms and Atomic Masses

3.1 Laws of Chemical Combination

3.2 Dalton’s Atomic Theory

3.3 Subatomic Particles

3.4 Atomic Mass

3.5 Development of the Periodic Table

4 Electronic Configuration of the Atom

4.1 A Brief Exploration of Light

4.2 Bohr Theory

4.3 Quantum Numbers

4.4 Relative Energies of Electrons

4.5 Shells, Subshells, and Orbitals

4.6 Shapes of Orbitals

4.7 Energy Level Diagrams

4.8 Periodic Variation of Electronic Configuration

5 Chemical Bonding

5.1 Chemical Formulas

5.2 Ionic Bonding

5.3 Lewis Electron Dot Diagrams

5.4 Formulas for Ionic Compounds

5.5 Covalent Bonding

6 Nomenclature

6.1 Binary Nonmetal-Nonmetal Compounds

6.2 Naming Ionic Compounds

6.3 Naming Acids and Acid Salts

6.4 Hydrates

7 Formula Calculations

7.1 Formula Masses

7.2 Percent Composition

7.3 The Mole

7.4 Empirical Formulas

7.5 Molecular Formulas

8 Chemical Reactions

8.1 The Chemical Equation

8.2 Balancing Equations

8.3 Predicting the Products of Chemical Reactions

8.4 Acids and Bases

9 Net Ionic Equations

9.1 Properties of Ionic Compounds in Aqueous Solution

9.2 Writing Net Ionic Equations

10 Stoichiometry

10.1 Mole Calculations for Chemical Reactions

10.2 Mass Calculations for Chemical Reactions

10.3 Calculations Involving Other Quantities

10.4 Problems Involving Limiting Quantities

10.5 Theoretical Yield and Percent Yield

10.6 Calculations with Net Ionic Equations

11 Molarity

11.1 Definition and Uses of Molarity

11.2 Molarities of Ions

11.3 Titration

12 Gases

12.1 Gas Pressure

12.2 Boyle’s Law

12.3 Charles’ Law

12.4 The Combine Gas Law

12.5 The Ideal Gas Law

12.6 Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures

12.7 Molar Masses and Molecular Formulas

12.8 Gases in Chemical Reactions

12.9 Volume Ratios in Chemical Reactions

12.10 Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases

13 Atomic and Molecular Properties

13.1 Atomic and Ionic Sizes

13.2 Ionization Energy and Electron Affinity

13.3 Electronegativity and Bond Polarity

13.4 Molecular Shape

13.5 Polar and Nonpolar Molecules

13.6 Intermolecular Forces

14 Solids, Liquids, and Energies of Physical and Chemical Changes

14.1 Nature of the Solid and Liquid States

14.2 Changes of Phase

14.3 Measurement of Energy Changes

14.4 Enthalpy Changes in Chemical Reactions

15 Solutions

15.1 The Solution Process

15.2 Saturated, Unsaturated, and Supersaturated Solutions

15.3 Percent by Mass

15.4 Molality

15.5 Mole Fraction

15.6 Colligative Properties

16 Oxidation Numbers

16.1 Assigning Oxidation Numbers

16.2 Using Oxidation Numbers in Naming Compounds

16.3 Periodic Variation of Oxidation Numbers

16.4 Balancing Oxidation-Reduction Equations

17 Electrochemistry

17.1 Voltaic Cells

17.2 Standard Cell Potentials

17.3 The Nernst Equation

17.4 Electrolysis Cells

17.5 Electrolysis Calculations

18 Chemical Equilibrium

18.1 Rates of Reaction

18.2 The Condition of Equilibrium

18.3 LeChâtelier’s Principle

18.4 Equilibrium Constants

19 Acid-Base Theory

19.1 The Brønsted Theory

19.2 Dissociation Constants

19.3 Autoionization of Water

19.4 Buffer Solutions

19.5 Polyprotic Acids

20 Organic Chemistry

20.1 Hydrocarbons

20.2 Isomerism

20.3 Other Classes of Organic Compounds

20.4 Polymers

20.5 Foods

21 Nuclear Reactions

21.1 Natural Radioactivity

21.2 Half-Life

21.3 Nuclear Fission

21.4 Nuclear Fusion

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