Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics / Edition 5

Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics / Edition 5

by Michael J. Moran, Howard N. Shapiro
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0471681768

ISBN-13: 9780471681762

Pub. Date: 01/29/2005

Publisher: Wiley

This book presents a comprehensive and rigorous treatment of classical thermodynamics. Noted for its treatment of the second law, it clearly presents both theory and application. Environmental topics and applications have been expanded and updated.

Overview

This book presents a comprehensive and rigorous treatment of classical thermodynamics. Noted for its treatment of the second law, it clearly presents both theory and application. Environmental topics and applications have been expanded and updated.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780471681762
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
01/29/2005
Edition description:
Study Guide
Pages:
120
Product dimensions:
7.91(w) x 10.04(h) x 0.28(d)

Table of Contents


Getting Started: Introductory Concepts and Definitions     1
Using Thermodynamics     2
Defining Systems     2
Describing Systems and Their Behavior     5
Measuring Mass, Length, Time, and Force     8
Specific Volume     10
Pressure     11
Temperature     15
Engineering Design and Analysis     19
Methodology for Solving Thermodynamics Problems     21
Chapter Summary and Study Guide     23
Energy and the First Law of Thermodynamics     31
Reviewing Mechanical Concepts of Energy     32
Broadening Our Understanding of Work     36
Broadening Our Understanding of Energy     47
Energy Transfer by Heat     48
Energy Accounting: Energy Balance for Closed Systems     52
Energy Analysis of Cycles     64
Chapter Summary and Study Guide     68
Evaluating Properties     80
Getting Started     81
Evaluating Properties: General Considerations     82
p-v-T Relation     82
Studying Phase Change     86
Retrieving Thermodynamic Properties     88
Evaluating Pressure, Specific Volume, and Temperature     89
Evaluating Specific Internal Energy and Enthalpy     95
Evaluating Properties Using Computer Software     98
Applying the Energy Balance Using Property Tables and Software     100
Introducing Specific Heats c[subscript v] and c[subscript p]     105
Evaluating Properties of Liquids and Solids     105
Generalized Compressibility Chart     109
Evaluating Properties Using the Ideal Gas Model     115
Introducing the ideal Gas Model     115
Internal Energy, Enthalpy, and Specific Heats of Ideal Gases     118
Applying the Energy Balance Using Ideal Gas Tables, Constant Specific Heats, and Software     122
Polytropic Process Relations     129
Chapter Summary and Study Guide     131
Control Volume Analysis Using Energy     146
Conservation of Mass for a Control Volume     147
Forms of the Mass Rate Balance     149
Applications of the Mass Rate Balance     151
Conservation of Energy for a Control Volume     155
Analyzing Control Volumes at Steady State     158
Nozzles and Diffusers     161
Turbines     164
Compressors and Pumps     167
Heat Exchangers     171
Throttling Devices      176
System Integration     179
Transient Analysis     182
Chapter Summary and Study Guide     192
The Second Law of Thermodynamics     212
Introducing the Second Law     213
Statements of the Second Law     216
Identifying Irreversibilities     219
Interpreting the Kelvin-Planck Statement     224
Applying the Second Law to Thermodynamic Cycles     225
Second Law Aspects of Power Cycles Interacting with Two Reservoirs     225
Second Law Aspects of Refrigeration and Heat Pump Cycles Interacting with Two Reservoirs     228
The Kelvin and International Temperature Scales     230
Maximum Performance Measures for Cycles Operating Between Two Reservoirs     234
Carnot Cycle     239
Clausius Inequality     241
Chapter Summary and Study Guide     243
Using Entropy     255
Entropy-A System Property     256
Retrieving Entropy Data     257
Introducing the T dS Equations     260
Entropy Change of an Incompressible Substance     262
Entropy Change of an ideal Gas     263
Entropy Change in Internally Reversible Processes of Closed Systems     266
Entropy Balance for Closed Systems     269
Directionality of Processes     277
Entropy Rate Balance for Control Volumes     282
Rate Balances for Control Volumes at Steady State     283
Isentropic Processes     291
Isentropic Efficiencies of Turbines, Nozzles, Compressors, and Pumps     297
Heat Transfer and Work in Internally Reversible, Steady-State Flow Processes     306
Chapter Summary and Study Guide     309
Exergy Analysis     329
Introducing Exergy     330
Conceptualizing Exergy     331
Exergy of a System     332
Closed System Exergy Balance     338
Exergy Rate Balance for Control Volumes at Steady State     347
Exergetic (Second Law) Efficiency     359
Thermoeconomics     365
Chapter Summary and Study Guide     372
Vapor Power Systems     390
Modeling Vapor Power Systems     391
Analyzing Vapor Power Systems - Rankine Cycle     392
Improving Performance - Superheat and Reheat     405
Improving Performance - Regenerative Vapor Power Cycle     411
Other Vapor Cycle Aspects     422
Case Study: Exergy Accounting of a Vapor Power Plant      424
Chapter Summary and Study Guide     432
Gas Power Systems     444
Internal Combustion Engines     445
Introducing Engine Terminology     445
Air-Standard Otto Cycle     448
Air-Standard Diesel Cycle     453
Air-Standard Dual Cycle     457
Gas Turbine Power Plants     461
Modeling Gas Turbine Power Plants     461
Air-Standard Brayton Cycle     462
Regenerative Gas Turbines     472
Regenerative Gas Turbines with Reheat and Intercooling     476
Gas Turbines for Aircraft Propulsion     486
Combined Gas Turbine-Vapor Power Cycle     491
Ericsson and Stirling Cycles     497
Compressible Flow Through Nozzles and Diffusers     498
Compressible Flow Preliminaries     499
Analyzing One-Dimensional Steady Flow in Nozzles and Diffusers     503
Flow in Nozzles and Diffusers of Ideal Gases with Constant Specific Heats     510
Chapter Summary and Study Guide     518
Refrigeration and Heat Pump Systems     534
Vapor Refrigeration Systems     535
Analyzing Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Systems     537
Refrigerant Properties     545
Cascade and Multistage Vapor-Compression Systems     546
Absorption Refrigeration     548
Heat Pump Systems     550
Gas Refrigeration Systems     552
Chapter Summary and Study Guide     558
Thermodynamic Relations     568
Using Equations of State     569
Important Mathematical Relations     575
Developing Property Relations     579
Evaluating Changes in Entropy, Internal Energy, and Enthalpy     585
Other Thermodynamic Relations     594
Constructing Tables of Thermodynamic Properties     601
Generalized Charts for Enthalpy and Entropy     605
p-v-T Relations for Gas Mixtures     612
Analyzing Multicomponent Systems     618
Chapter Summary and Study Guide     629
Ideal Gas Mixture and Psychrometric Applications     642
Ideal Gas Mixtures: General Considerations     643
Describing Mixture Composition     643
Relating p, V, and T for Ideal Gas Mixtures     647
Evaluating U, H, S, and Specific Heats     648
Analyzing Systems Involving Mixtures     650
Psychrometric Applications     664
Introducing Psychrometric Principles     664
Psychrometers: Measuring the Wet-Bulb and Dry-Bulb Temperatures     675
Psychrometric Charts     676
Analyzing Air-Conditioning Processes     678
Cooling Towers     694
Chapter Summary and Study Guide     697
Reading Mixtures and Combustion     710
Combustion Fundamentals     711
Introducing Combustion     711
Conservation of Energy-Reacting Systems     720
Determining the Adiabatic Flame Temperature     732
Fuel Cells     736
Absolute Entropy and the Third Law of Thermodynamics     738
Chemical Exergy     746
Introducing Chemical Exergy     747
Standard Chemical Exergy     750
Exergy Summary     755
Exergetic (Second Law) Efficiencies of Reacting Systems     758
Chapter Summary and Study Guide     762
Chemical and Phase Equilibrium     774
Equilibrium Fundamentals     775
Introducing Equilibrium Criteria     775
Chemical Equilibrium     779
Equation of Reaction Equilibrium     780
Calculating Equilibrium Compositions     782
Further Examples of the Use of the Equilibrium Constant     791
Phase Equilibrium      801
Equilibrium Between Two Phases of a Pure Substance     801
Equilibrium of Multicomponent, Multiphase Systems     802
Chapter Summary and Study Guide     807
Tables, Figures, and Charts     815
Index to Tables in SI Units     815
Index to Tables in English Units     863
Index to Figures and Charts     911
Index     922

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