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Fundamentals of Global Strategy: A Business Model Approach
     

Fundamentals of Global Strategy: A Business Model Approach

by Cornelis A. de Kluyver
 
This book looks at the opportunities and risks associated with staking out
a global competitive presence and introduces the fundamentals of global
strategic thinking. We define crafting a global strategy in terms of change:
how a company should change and adapt its core (domestic) business
model to achieve a competitive advantage as it expands globally

Overview

This book looks at the opportunities and risks associated with staking out
a global competitive presence and introduces the fundamentals of global
strategic thinking. We define crafting a global strategy in terms of change:
how a company should change and adapt its core (domestic) business
model to achieve a competitive advantage as it expands globally. The conceptual
framework behind this definition has three fundamental building
blocks: a company’s core business model, the various strategic decisions a
company needs to make as it globalizes its operations, and a range of globalization
strategies for creating a global competitive advantage.
A business model is defined in terms of four principal components: (a)
market participation—who its customers are, how it reaches them and
relates to them; (b) the value proposition—what a company offers its customers;
(c) the supply chain infrastructure—with what resources, activities
and partners it creates its offerings; and finally, (d) its management
model—how it organizes and coordinates its operations.
Globalization requires a company to make strategic decisions about
each component of the business model. Market participation decisions
include choosing which specific markets or segments to serve, domestically
or abroad; what methods of distribution to use to reach target customers;
and how to promote and advertise the value proposition. Globalization
decisions about the value proposition touch the full range of tangible and
intangible benefits a company provides to its customers (stakeholders).
Decisions about a company’s value chain infrastructure deal with such
questions as, What key internal resources and capabilities has the company
created to support the chosen value proposition and target markets?
What partner network has it assembled to support the business model?
How are these activities organized into an overall, coherent value creation
and delivery model? Finally, strategic decisions about the global management
dimension are concerned with a company’s choices about a suitable
global organizational structure and decision-making process.
We use Pankaj Ghemawat’s well-known “AAA Triangle” framework to
define three generic approaches to global value creation. Adaptation strategies
seek to increase revenues and market share by tailoring one or more
components of a company’s business model to suit local requirements or
preferences. Aggregation strategies focus on achieving economies of scale
or scope by creating regional or global efficiencies; they typically involve
standardizing a significant portion of the value proposition and grouping
together development and production processes. Arbitrage is about exploiting
economic or other differences between national or regional markets,
usually by locating separate parts of the supply chain in different places.

Product Details

BN ID:
2940012189769
Publisher:
Business Expert Press
Publication date:
07/15/2010
Sold by:
Barnes & Noble
Format:
NOOK Book
File size:
906 KB

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