Fundamentals of Modern Drafting / Edition 1

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FUNDAMENTALS OF MODERN DRAFTING, Second Edition, provides a thorough introduction to contemporary drafting, covering essential technical and engineering drawing concepts and key professional applications. The author uses a highly practical, building-block approach to help you quickly develop the knowledge and skills you need to prepare working drawings for production. Coverage encompasses freehand sketching, instrument drawing, CAD, drafting conventions and formats, multiview, development, pictorial drawing procedures, geometric tolerancing practices, descriptive geometry, and more. Every chapter includes vibrant illustrations to complement the text, as well as hands-on exercises that encourage you to apply what you're learning. Now updated to reflect the latest trends and technology, the new Second Edition reflects current ASME standards to help you make a smooth transition from study and skill development to professional success.
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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
This high school textbook introduces the basic terms and skills of technical design and drafting. It begins with the basic drafting concepts of sketching, lettering, formats, dimensioning and tolerancing. The second half of the book identifies the symbols and style specific to welding drawings, gears and cams, pipes, electronics, and architectural drafting. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781401809461
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 7/24/2002
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 530
  • Product dimensions: 10.90 (w) x 8.60 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Paul Ross Wallach received his undergraduate education at the University of California at Santa Barbara and did his graduate work at California State University, Los Angeles. He has acquired extensive experience in the drafting, designing, and construction phases of architecture and has taught architecture and engineering drawing for many years in Europe and California at the secondary and postsecondary levels. He currently focuses on technical writing and consulting.
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Table of Contents

Preface iii
Chapter 1 Introduction to Contemporary Drafting 1
History 1
Today's Drafters 2
Today's Industries 2
The Language of Drawing 3
The Graphic Creators 4
The Design Process 6
Drafting Today 7
Types of Basic Engineering Graphics 8
Chapter 2 Drafting Equipment and Supplies 10
Introduction 10
Conventional Drafting Supplies 11
Conventional Drafting Equipment 14
Manual Drafting versus CAD 20
Chapter 3 Sketching and Lettering 24
Introduction 24
Supplies 25
Working Drawing Sketches 26
Sketching Guidelines and Procedures 28
Chapter 4 Introduction to Computer-Aided Drafting Systems 41
Evolution of Drafting Tools 41
Computer Systems 42
PC CAD System Components 44
Chapter 5 Drafting Room Design Teams 56
Introduction 56
Creativity in the Design Process 56
The Process for an Engineering Product Design 57
Design Team Procedure for a Simple Product 59
Design Project 2 61
Architectural Design 64
Chapter 6 Drafting Conventions and Formats 68
Standardization 68
Line Conventions 69
Drafting Conventions 72
Drawing Formats 74
Chapter 7 Geometric Construction 82
CAD versus Drawing Instruments 82
Geometric Forms 83
Conventional Geometric Construction 85
Chapter 8 Multiview Drawings 95
Multiview Orthographic Projections 95
Selection of Views 95
Planes of Projection 99
Angles of Projection 102
Visualization 103
Inclined and Oblique Surface Projections 105
Dimensioning 108
Drawing Procedures 109
Chapter 9 Dimensioning Conventions and Surface Finishes 128
Introduction 128
Systems of Dimensioning 130
Dimensioning Elements 131
Dimensioning Guidelines 132
Special Dimensioning Procedures 137
Surface Control 141
Chapter 10 Tolerancing and Geometric Tolerancing 148
Introduction 148
Tolerance Dimensions 148
Tolerance Practices 149
Mating Parts 152
Chapter 11 Sectional Views 167
Introduction 167
Cutting Plane 168
Section Lining 168
Sectional View Types 172
Chapter 12 Auxiliary Views and Revolutions 184
Introduction 184
Foreshortening 185
Auxiliary Planes 186
Projection 187
Primary Auxiliary Views 188
Secondary Auxiliary Views 189
Completeness of Auxiliary Views 191
Procedures 194
Revolutions 196
Chapter 13 Descriptive Geometry 208
Introduction 208
Points in Space 208
Geometric Planes 209
Geometric Lines 210
Chapter 14 Development Drawings 218
Introduction 218
Surface Forms 219
Pattern Drawing Terminology 221
Parallel Line Development 222
Radial Line Development 225
Triangulation Development 228
Chapter 15 Pictorial Drawings 239
Introduction 239
Axonometric Drawings 241
Oblique Drawings 255
Perspective Drawings 258
Chapter 16 Fasteners 275
Introduction 275
Threaded Fasteners 275
Drafting Procedures 280
Types of Threaded Fastening Devices 282
Fastener Templates 286
Threaded Permanent Fasteners 290
Springs 291
Chapter 17 Drafting Procedures and Storage Systems 302
Introduction 302
Functional Drafting 302
Revisions 305
Storage Systems 306
Chapter 18 Working Drawings 310
Introduction 310
Working Drawings 310
Working Drawing Dimensions 320
Chapter 19 Welding Drawings 341
Introduction 341
Welding Processes 341
Welding Symbols 344
Data Selection 349
Welding Type Symbol Applications 350
Welded Joints 357
Chapter 20 Gears and Cams 365
Introduction 365
Gears and Drives 365
Cam Mechanisms 377
Chapter 21 Piping Drawings 392
Introduction 392
Pipe Connections 393
Pipe Standards 395
Piping Drawings 395
Chapter 22 Electronics Drafting 406
Introduction 406
Electronics Industry Standards 407
Electronics Drawing Symbols 408
Types of Electronic Drawings 408
Standard Symbols Charts 413
Drawing Schematic Diagrams 416
Drawing Connection Diagrams 418
Drawing Logic Diagrams 419
Chapter 23 Tool Design Drafting 425
Introduction 425
Jigs and Fixtures 426
Standard Parts 427
Jig and Fixture Design 433
Chapter 24 Architectural Drafting 440
Gathering Information 440
Residential Styles 443
Design Considerations 451
Design Sequence 455
Working Drawings 456
Support Documents 470
Types of Buildings 472
Ergonomics 472
Appendix A Tables 479
Appendix B Abbreviations 492
Glossary 495
Index 507
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