Fundamentals of Music : Rudiments, Musicianship, and Composition / Edition 5

Fundamentals of Music : Rudiments, Musicianship, and Composition / Edition 5

by D. J. Henry
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0138143323

ISBN-13: 9780138143329

Pub. Date: 03/28/2008

Publisher: Pearson

Substantially revised, the fifth edition of Fundamentals of Music presents a complete introduction to music fundamentals and basic musicianship. It enables the user to learn the terms, symbols, practices, and conventions that make our music sound the way it does.

In this popular book  the author employs a fresh, user-friendly style to introduce and

Overview

Substantially revised, the fifth edition of Fundamentals of Music presents a complete introduction to music fundamentals and basic musicianship. It enables the user to learn the terms, symbols, practices, and conventions that make our music sound the way it does.

In this popular book  the author employs a fresh, user-friendly style to introduce and explain such traditional topics as notation, meter, scales, triads, and chords. Basic theoretical information is balanced with helpful suggestions for study, copious exercise material, and introductory aural skills training. 

Whether users are preparing for a career in music or desire to simply develop an appreciation of the musician's language, this is the book that will aid their learning experience. Also a useful tool for music educators.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780138143329
Publisher:
Pearson
Publication date:
03/28/2008
Edition description:
New Edition, Book & CD
Pages:
432
Product dimensions:
7.80(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xiii

The Fifth Edition, xiv

Using the Text, xiv

The Compact Disc, xv

Web Site: uppervoices.com, xv

Ear-Training Drills, xv

Chapter Self Tests, xvi

Unit Reviews, xvi

Interactive Fundamental Drills, xvi

Acknowledgments, xvii

UNIT 1

1 Notating Rhythm 1

Essential Terms and Symbols, 1

Traditional Western Music, 1

Notation, 2

The Notation of Rhythm, 2

Note Values, 2

Rests Values, 5

Measures, 7

Time Signatures, 8

• Calligraphy: Note and Rest Values, 9

Smaller Rhythmic Values, 11

• A Step Further: Larger and Smaller Note Values, 13

• Calligraphy: Eighths and Sixteenths, 14

The Dot, 15

The Tie, 15

Flags and Beams , 17

Building Skills, 19

Creative Projects, 23

2 Notating Pitch 25

Essential Terms and Symbols, 25

The Staff, 25

The Clef, 26

Stem Direction, 27

• Tricks of the Trade: Learning the “ABCs,” 28

Ledger Lines, 30

• Calligraphy: Clefs and Ledger Lines, 30

The Octave, 31

The Grand Staff, 33

• Musicianship 2-1, 35

Building Skills, 37

Creative Projects, 43

3 The Keyboard 45

Essential Terms and Symbols, 45

The Keyboard, 46

• Musicianship 3-1, 49

Accidentals, 51

The Sharp, 51

The Flat, 52

The Natural Sign, 52

• Musicianship 3-2, 54

• Calligraphy: Notating Accidentals, 56

Double Sharps and Double Flats, 56

Enharmonic Equivalents, 57

Octave Designation, 58

Building Skills, 61

Creative Projects, 65

UNIT 2

4 Simple Meters 67

Essential Terms and Symbols, 67

Metric Accent, 68

Triple Meter, 68

Duple Meter, 70

Quadruple Meter, 71

Rest Notation, 71

• Tricks of the Trade: Using Counting Syllables, 73

• Musicianship 4-1, 73

Beat Division and Subdivision, 75

Meters with an Eighth-Note Beat, 79

Alla Breve and Common Time, 79

• A Step Further: Conducting, 79

Syncopation, 80

• Calligraphy: Beaming, 82

• Tricks of the Trade: Counting Syllables, 83

Transcription and Arrangement, 83

• Musicianship 4-2, 84

Building Skills, 87

Creative Projects, 91

 

5 Major Scales and Keys 95

Essential Terms and Symbols, 95

The Major Scale, 95

Scale Degrees, 97

Diatonic Pitches, 98

Diatonic and Chromatic Half Steps, 98

Major and Minor Modes, 100

• Musicianship 5-1, 101

Transposing Major Scales, 101

• Musicianship 5-2, 104

Major Keys, 105

Key Signature, 105

Order of Sharps and Flats, 107

Major Key Signatures, 109

The Circle of Fifths, 110

• Tricks of the Trade: Learning Key Signatures, 112

• Musicianship 5-3, 114

Building Skills, 117

Creative Projects, 121

6 Intervals 123

Essential Terms, 123

Interval Type, 125

• Musicianship 6-1, 127

Interval Quality, 128

Perfect Intervals, 128

Understanding Quality by Major-Scale Comparison, 129

• Musicianship 6-2, 131

• A Step Further: Doubly Augmented and Diminished Intervals, 133

Major/Minor Intervals, 133

Guidelines for Interval Construction and Identification, 138

• Musicianship 6-3, 140

Interval Inversion, 142

Writing Intervals Below a Given Pitch, 144

Building Skills, 147

Creative Projects, 153

7 Compound Meters 155

Essential Terms and Symbols, 155

Note Values in Compound Meters, 156

Compound Time Signatures, 158

Beat Subdivision, 161

• Tricks of the Trade: Compound Meter Signatures, 162

• Calligraphy: Beaming in Compound Meters, 163

• Tricks of the Trade: Counting in Compound Meters, 164

• Musicianship 7-1, 165

Borrowed Division, 168

• Tricks of the Trade: Counting the Borrowed Division, 172

• Musicianship 7-2, 173

Building Skills, 175

Creative Projects, 181

UNIT 3

8 Minor Scales and Keys 185

Essential Terms, 185

Minor Scales, 186

Minor Key Signatures, 188

• Musicianship 8-1, 192

Variations in Minor, 193

Natural (Pure) Minor, 193

Harmonic Minor, 194

Melodic Minor, 196

• Musicianship 8-2, 200

Key Relationships, 202

The Parallel Relationship, 202

The Relative Relationship, 202

• Tricks of the Trade: Parallel Major and Minor Keys, 203

• Musicianship 8-3, 206

Building Skills, 207

Creative Projects, 217

9 Modes and Other Scales 219

Essential Terms, 219

The Modes, 219

Major and Minor Modes, 220

Transposing Modes, 222

Transposition and Recognition Through Key Signature, 224

Other Modes and Scales, 227

Pentatonic Scale, 227

Minor Pentatonic and Blues Scales, 229

Whole-Tone Scale, 230

Locrian Mode, 231

Chromatic Scale, 232

• Musicianship 9-1, 233

Building Skills, 235

Creative Projects, 239

10 Introduction to Form 241

Essential Terms and Symbols, 241

Building Phrases, 241

Unifying and Extending Phrases, 244

Repetition, 245

Variation, 245

Sequence, 246

Contrast, 248

The Period, 250

Phrase Group, 252

Double Period, 255

Other Forms, 257

Verse and Refrain, 258

Thirty-Two Bar Song Form, 259

Building Skills, 263

Creative Projects, 269

UNIT 4

11 Triads 273

Essential Terms, 273

Triad Quality, 274

Major and Minor Triads, 274

• Musicianship 11-1, 276

Diminished and Augmented Triads, 277

Identifying and Constructing Triads, 278

Triads and Stability, 279

• Musicianship 11-2, 280

Inverted Triads, 281

First and Second Inversions, 281

• Musicianship 11-3, 285

Constructing Triads with Given Third or Fifth, 285

Triads with Given Third, 285

Triads with Given Fifth, 286

• Musicianship 11-4, 287

Building Skills, 291

Creative Projects, 299

12 Chords and Symbols 303

Essential Terms and Symbols, 303

Triad and Chord Identification, 303

Doubling, 304

Identifying Chords, 305

Arpeggiation, 307

• Musicianship 12-1, 309

Chord Symbols, 310

Roman-Numeral Analysis, 312

Diatonic Triads in Major Keys, 312

Arabic-Numeral Labels, 315

• Musicianship 12-2, 318

Diatonic Triads in Minor Keys, 319

Building Skills, 323

Creative Projects, 329

 

13 Tonality 331

Essential Terms, 331

Texture, 331

Homophony, 332

• A Step Further: Improvisation, 333

Tonality, 334

Melodic Tendency, 334

• Musicianship 13-1, 337

Harmonic Function, 339

Tonic, Predominant, and Dominant Functions, 339

Harmonic Dissonance, 344

Seventh Chords, 345

Seventh Chords and Symbols, 347

• Musicianship 13-2, 350

Building Skills, 351

Creative Projects, 357

14 Harmonization 359

Essential Terms, 359

Harmonization, 359

Harmonic Cadences, 360

Planning Cadences in a Melody, 365

Harmonic Rhythm, 371

Planning Harmonic Rhythm in a Harmonization, 374

Harmonizing a Melody, 376

Nonchord Tones, 376

Vocal Ranges, 378

Keys and Transposition, 379

Planning the Harmony, 381

Issues in Jazz and Popular Styles, 384

• A Step Further: Copyright, 385

• Musicianship 14-1, 387

Building Skills, 389

Creative Projects, 393

APPENDIXES

Appendix A: The Nature of Sound 395

Essential Terms, 395

Sound Waves, 395

Amplitude and Intensity, 396

Timbre and Quality, 396

The Harmonic Series, 397

Duration and Length, 398

 

Appendix B: Terms and Symbols of Tempo and Expression 399

Essential Terms, 399

Tempo, 399

Dynamics, 400

Expression, 400

Short Glossary of Italian Terms, 401

Appendix C: The C Clefs 403

Essential Terms, 403

Alto and Tenor Clefs, 403

Soprano and Mezzo-Soprano Clefs, 404

Building Skills, 405

Answers to Aural Skills Self Tests 409

Glossary of Terms and Symbols 413

Index 425 

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