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Fundamentals of Philosophy / Edition 7
     

Fundamentals of Philosophy / Edition 7

by David Stewart, H. Gene Blocker, James M. Petrik, James Petrik
 

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ISBN-10: 0205647626

ISBN-13: 9780205647620

Pub. Date: 09/14/2009

Publisher: Pearson

An accessible reader/text for beginning students of philosophy, this volume offers a broad scope of diverse classic and contemporary selections – with a narrative and format that presents difficult issues and readings in a simplified but not condescending manner. The readings are grouped around major philosophic themes: logic, ethics, metaphysics,

Overview

An accessible reader/text for beginning students of philosophy, this volume offers a broad scope of diverse classic and contemporary selections – with a narrative and format that presents difficult issues and readings in a simplified but not condescending manner. The readings are grouped around major philosophic themes: logic, ethics, metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of religion, philosophy of art, and social and political philosophy. It also offers a selection of readings from Eastern philosophy.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780205647620
Publisher:
Pearson
Publication date:
09/14/2009
Series:
MyPhilosophyKit Series
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
528
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

I. WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY?

1. The Activity of Philosophy.
2. Philosophy and the Examined Life. READING: Socrates, In Defense of Philosophy.
3. The Practice of Philosophy.
READING: Jay F. Rosenberg, The Character of Philosophy.

4. Philosophy and the Search for Truth.
READING: David Stewart, The Philosopher as Detective.

II. THINKING ABOUT THINKING (LOGIC).

5. The Life of Reason.
6. Argument Forms.
7. Inductive Arguments and Scientific Reasoning.
8. Strategies for Philosophical Argument.

III. WHAT IS REAL? (METAPHYSICS).

9. Introduction to Metaphysics.
READING: Plato, Phaedo.

10. Materialism.
READING: Epicurus, First Principles of Materialism.

11. Idealism.
READING: George Berkely, Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous.

12. The Mind-Body Problem.
READING: Richard Taylor, Materialism and Personal Identity.

13. Metaphysics and Language.
READING: Ludwig Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations.

IV. HOW DO WE KNOW? (EPISTEMOLOGY).

14. Introduction to Epistemology.
15. Appearance and Reality.

READING: Plato, The Visible and the Invisible.

16. The Quest for Certainty.
READING: René Descartes, Mediations.

17. Trust Your Senses.
READING: David Hume, Skeptical Doubts Concerning the Operations of the Understanding.

18. A Compromise.
READING: Immanuel Kant, Two Sources of Knowledge.

19. The Challenges of Postmodernism.

V. WHAT OUGHT WE TO DO? (ETHICS).

20. Introduction to Ethical Reasoning.
21. The Need for Morality.
READING: Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan.

22. The Morality of Self-Realization.
READING: Aristotle, The Good Life.

23. Morality Depends on the Consequences.
READING: John Steward Mill, Utilitarianism.

24. Morality Depends on Motives.
READING: Immanuel Kant, Moral Duty.

VI. PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION.

25. Introduction to Philosophy and Religion.
READING: Leo Tolstoy, A Confession.

26. Arguments for God's Existence: The Ontological Arguments.
READING: St. Anselm, The Proslogion.

27. Arguments for God's Existence: The Cosmological Arguments.
READINGS: St. Thomas Aquinas, The Five Ways; William Paley, Natural Theology.

28. The Problem of Evil.
READING: C. S. Lewis, The Problem of Pain.

VII. PHILOSOPHY OF ART (ESTHETICS).

29. Introduction to the Philosophy of Art.
30. The Value of Art.
READING: H. Gene Blocker, The Esthetic Attitude.

31. Art as Ideal.
READING: Kenneth Clark, The Naked and the Nude.

32. Esthetics and Ideology.
READING: Jennifer M. Jeffers, The Politics of Representation.

VIII. SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY.

33. Introduction to Social Philosophy.
34. The Libertarian View of the State.
READING: John Locke, The State and the State of Nature.

35. The Egalitarian View of the State.
READING: Kai Nielsen, In Defense of Egalitarianism.

36. Justice as Fairness.
READING: John Rawls, A Theory of Justice.

IX. EASTERN THOUGHT.

37. Philosophy East and West.
38. Eastern Thought: Theories of Human Nature.
READINGS: Mencius, Xun Zi, and Dong Zhongshu.

39. Eastern Thought: The Individual and the Collective.
READINGS: The Bhagavad Gita; Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching.

Glossary of Terms.
Index.

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