Fundamentals of Philosophy / Edition 4

Fundamentals of Philosophy / Edition 4

by David Stewart, H. Gene Blocker
     
 

ISBN-10: 0133976963

ISBN-13: 9780133976960

Pub. Date: 12/04/1995

Publisher: Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference

This reader offers a broad scope and diversity of classic and contemporary selections -- and a narrative and format that presents difficult issues and readings in a simplified but not condescending manner. Covers the full range of philosophical questions. Organizes readings and narrative into topical sections, each of which addresses a

Overview

This reader offers a broad scope and diversity of classic and contemporary selections -- and a narrative and format that presents difficult issues and readings in a simplified but not condescending manner. Covers the full range of philosophical questions. Organizes readings and narrative into topical sections, each of which addresses a particular facet of philosophical thought -- logic, metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, philosophy of religion, esthetics, and social/political philosophy. Represents a wide range of philosophical styles and temperaments -- from Kant, Berkeley, Hume, and Descartes to Tolstoy, Sartre and Susan Sontag.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780133976960
Publisher:
Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference
Publication date:
12/04/1995
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
553
Product dimensions:
7.73(w) x 9.45(h) x 1.29(d)

Table of Contents

I. WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY?

1. The Activity of Philosophy.
2. Philosophy and the Examined Life. READING: Socrates, In Defense of Philosophy.
3. The Practice of Philosophy.
READING: Jay F. Rosenberg, The Character of Philosophy.

4. Philosophy and the Search for Truth.
READING: David Stewart, The Philosopher as Detective.

II. THINKING ABOUT THINKING (LOGIC).

5. The Life of Reason.
6. Argument Forms.
7. Inductive Arguments and Scientific Reasoning.
8. Strategies for Philosophical Argument.

III. WHAT IS REAL? (METAPHYSICS).

9. Introduction to Metaphysics.
READING: Plato, Phaedo.

10. Materialism.
READING: Epicurus, First Principles of Materialism.

11. Idealism.
READING: George Berkely, Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous.

12. The Mind-Body Problem.
READING: Richard Taylor, Materialism and Personal Identity.

13. Metaphysics and Language.
READING: Ludwig Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations.

IV. HOW DO WE KNOW? (EPISTEMOLOGY).

14. Introduction to Epistemology.
15. Appearance and Reality.

READING: Plato, The Visible and the Invisible.

16. The Quest for Certainty.
READING: René Descartes, Mediations.

17. Trust Your Senses.
READING: David Hume, Skeptical Doubts Concerning the Operations of the Understanding.

18. A Compromise.
READING: Immanuel Kant, Two Sources of Knowledge.

19. The Challenges of Postmodernism.

V. WHAT OUGHT WE TO DO? (ETHICS).

20. Introduction to Ethical Reasoning.
21. The Need for Morality.
READING: Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan.

22. The Morality of Self-Realization.
READING: Aristotle, The Good Life.

23. Morality Depends on the Consequences.
READING: John Steward Mill, Utilitarianism.

24. Morality Depends on Motives.
READING: Immanuel Kant, Moral Duty.

VI. PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION.

25. Introduction to Philosophy and Religion.
READING: Leo Tolstoy, A Confession.

26. Arguments for God's Existence: The Ontological Arguments.
READING: St. Anselm, The Proslogion.

27. Arguments for God's Existence: The Cosmological Arguments.
READINGS: St. Thomas Aquinas, The Five Ways; William Paley, Natural Theology.

28. The Problem of Evil.
READING: C. S. Lewis, The Problem of Pain.

VII. PHILOSOPHY OF ART (ESTHETICS).

29. Introduction to the Philosophy of Art.
30. The Value of Art.
READING: H. Gene Blocker, The Esthetic Attitude.

31. Art as Ideal.
READING: Kenneth Clark, The Naked and the Nude.

32. Esthetics and Ideology.
READING: Jennifer M. Jeffers, The Politics of Representation.

VIII. SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY.

33. Introduction to Social Philosophy.
34. The Libertarian View of the State.
READING: John Locke, The State and the State of Nature.

35. The Egalitarian View of the State.
READING: Kai Nielsen, In Defense of Egalitarianism.

36. Justice as Fairness.
READING: John Rawls, A Theory of Justice.

IX. EASTERN THOUGHT.

37. Philosophy East and West.
38. Eastern Thought: Theories of Human Nature.
READINGS: Mencius, Xun Zi, and Dong Zhongshu.

39. Eastern Thought: The Individual and the Collective.
READINGS: The Bhagavad Gita; Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching.

Glossary of Terms.
Index.

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