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Fundamentals of Phonetics: A Practical Guide for Students / Edition 3

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Overview

This practical introduction to linguistic phonetics focuses on teaching students the skills necessary for expert phonetic transcription of individuals with disordered speech. Through an abundance of exercises and available recordings, this text makes the learning of phonetics clear, systematic, and easy. The auditory examples make it easy for instructors to describe and explain dialects and easy for students to understand difficult topics associated with speech production - such as word stress and producing certain speech sounds. This text emphasizes issues tied to linguistic phonetics with an introduction to clinical phonetics, and issues involving dialectal variation of speech, a topic missing (or dated) in other texts.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Focusing on teaching the ability to transcribe spoken language for introductory phonetics courses, this textbook discusses the problems of using the Roman alphabet to transcribe English, the anatomical structures used in producing spoken language, and other topics. The CD-ROM contains audio files of examples, oral discussions, and review exercises from the book. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780132582100
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 4/18/2011
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 400
  • Sales rank: 63,148
  • Product dimensions: 8.40 (w) x 10.70 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Larry H. Small received both a B.S. in Speech Pathology and Audiology (1977), and an M.A. in Audiology (1977) from Kent State University. He received his Ph.D. in Speech and Hearing Science from Ohio University in 1984. He worked as a clinical audiologist at the University of Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha from 1978 – 1980. Dr. Small joined the faculty of Bowling Green State University (BGSU) in 1984, and remained on the faculty for twenty-four years, prior to his retirement in 2008 when he was named Associate Professor Emeritus. While at BGSU, he served as the Director of the University Honors Program (1991 – 1996). He was also Chair of the Department of Communication Disorders from 2003-2007. Dr. Small was on the Executive Board of the Council of Academic Programs in Communication Sciences and Disorders (CAPCSD) from 2007-2011, serving as President from 2009-2010. He began teaching undergraduate and AuD courses at Ohio State University (OSU) in 2008. For the past thirty years, he has taught courses at the undergraduate and graduate levels in phonetics, hearing science, diagnostic audiology and aural rehabilitation, both at BGSU and OSU. He has authored or co-authored numerous presentations and publications. Dr. Small was named an ASHA Fellow in 2014.

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Table of Contents

Preface to the Third Edition

1 Phonetics: A “Sound” Science

Chapter Learning Objectives

Introduction

Phonetics as a Field of Study

Variation in Phonetic Practice

IPA Fonts

A Note on Pronunciation and Dialect

Study Questions

On-Line Resources

2 Phonetic Transcription of English

Chapter Learning Objectives

The Difference between Spelling and Sound

Morphemes

Phonemes

Allophones: Members of a Phoneme Family

Syllables

Word Stress

Broad versus Narrow Transcription

Review Exercises

Study Questions

On-Line Resources

Assignments

3 Anatomy and Physiology of the Speech Mechanism

Chapter Learning Objectives

The Respiratory System and Respiration

The Laryngeal System and Phonation

The Supralaryngeal System and Articulation

Review Exercises

Study Questions

On-Line Resources

4 Vowels

Chapter Learning Objectives

What Is a Vowel ?

The Vocal Tract and Resonance

Transcription of the English Vowels

Review Exercises

Study Questions

On-Line Resources

Assignments

5 Consonants

Chapter Learning Objectives

What Is a Consonant?

Consonants versus Vowels

Manner, Place, and Voicing

The English Consonants

Review Exercises

Study Questions

On-Line Resources

Assignments

6 Connected Speech

Chapter Learning Objectives

Assimilation

Suprasegmental Aspects of Speech

Review Exercises

Study Questions

On-Line Resources

Assignments

7 Clinical Phonetics: Transcription of Speech Sound Disorders

Chapter Learning Objectives

Overview of the Clinical Process

Typical Phonological Development

Phonological Processes

Children with Phonological Disorders

Transcription of Speech Sound Disorders: Diacritics

The extIPA and the VoQS

Transcription of Speech Sound Disorders: Non-English Phonemes

Suggestions for Transcription

Review Exercises

Study Questions

On-Line Resources

Assignments

8 Dialectal Variation

Chapter Learning Objectives

Regional Dialects

Southern American English

Eastern American English

Social and Ethnic Dialects

African American English

Learning English as a Second Language

Spanish-Influenced English

Asian/Pacific-Influenced English

Russian- and Arabic-Influenced English

Review Exercises

Study Questions

On-Line Resources

Assignments

References

Answers to Questions

Appendix A

Glossary

Index

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