Most chapters conclude with "Review Exercises," "Study Questions," and "Assignments."
1. Phonetics: A "Sound" Science.
Variation in Phonetic Practice.
2. The Phonetic Representation of English.
The Difference between Spelling and Sound.
Allophones: Members of a Phoneme Family.
Systematic versus Impressionistic Transcription.
3. Anatomy of the Speech Mechanism.
The Respiratory System and Respiration.
The Laryngeal System and Phonation.
The Supralaryngeal System and Articulation.
The Vocal Tract and Resonance.
4. Vowel Transcription.
What Is a Vowel?
The English Vowels.
5. Consonant Transcription.
What Is a Consonant?
Vowels versus Consonants.
Manner, Place, and Voicing.
The English Consonants.
6. Connected Speech.
The Suprasegmental Aspects of Speech.
7. Clinical Phonetics.
Overview of the Clinical Process.
Typical Phonological Development.
Children with Phonological Disorders.
Allophonic Transcription of Speech.
Placement of Diacritics in Transcription.
Suggestions for Transcription.
8. Dialectial Variation.
Southern American English.
Eastern American English.
Social and Ethnic Dialects.
African American Vernacular English.
Learning English as a Second Language.
Answers to Questions.