Fusion Plasma Physics

( 9 )

Overview

This revised and enlarged second edition of the popular textbook and reference contains comprehensive treatments of both the established foundations of magnetic fusion plasma physics and of the newly developing areas of active research. It concludes with a look ahead to fusion power reactors of the future. The well-established topics of fusion plasma physics — basic plasma phenomena, Coulomb scattering, drifts of charged particles in magnetic and electric fields, plasma confinement by magnetic fields, kinetic and...

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Overview

This revised and enlarged second edition of the popular textbook and reference contains comprehensive treatments of both the established foundations of magnetic fusion plasma physics and of the newly developing areas of active research. It concludes with a look ahead to fusion power reactors of the future. The well-established topics of fusion plasma physics — basic plasma phenomena, Coulomb scattering, drifts of charged particles in magnetic and electric fields, plasma confinement by magnetic fields, kinetic and fluid collective plasma theories, plasma equilibria and flux surface geometry, plasma waves and instabilities, classical and neoclassical transport, plasma-materials interactions, radiation, etc. — are fully developed from first principles through to the computational models employed in modern plasma physics.
The new and emerging topics of fusion plasma physics research — fluctuation-driven plasma transport and gyrokinetic/gyrofluid computational methodology, the physics of the divertor, neutral atom recycling and transport, impurity ion transport, the physics of the plasma edge (diffusive and non-diffusive transport, MARFEs, ELMs, the L-H transition, thermal-radiative instabilities, shear suppression of transport, velocity spin-up), etc. — are comprehensively developed and related to the experimental evidence. Operational limits on the performance of future fusion reactors are developed from plasma physics and engineering constraints, and conceptual designs of future fusion power reactors are discussed.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“This revised and enlarged second edition of the populartextbook and reference contains comprehensive treatments of boththe established foundations of magnetic fusion plasma physics andof the newly developing areas of active research.” (ETDE Energy Database, 1 November 2012)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783527411344
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 10/23/2012
  • Edition description: Revised
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 666
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 9.70 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Weston M. Stacey is Callaway Regents’ Professor ofNuclear Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Hiscareer spans almost 50 years of research and teaching in nuclearreactor physics, fusion plasma physics and fusion and fissionreactor conceptual design. He led the IAEA INTOR Workshop (1979-88)that led to the present ITER project, for which he was awarded theUS Department of Energy Distinguished Associate Award and twoDepartment of Energy Certificates of Appreciation. Professor Staceyis a Fellow of the American Nuclear Society and of the AmericanPhysical Society. He is the recipient of several prizes, among themthe American Nuclear Society Seaborg Medal for Nuclear Research andthe Wigner Reactor Physicist Award, and he is the author of eightprevious books and numerous research papers.

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Table of Contents

1 Basic Physics 1

1.1 Fusion 1

1.2 Plasma 7

1.3 Coulomb Collisions 10

1.4 Electromagnetic Theory 17

2 Motion of Charged Particles 23

2.1 Gyromotion and Drifts 23

2.2 Constants of the Motion 33

2.3 Diamagnetism* 38

3 Magnetic Confinement 43

3.1 Confinement in Mirror Fields 43

3.2 Closed Toroidal Confinement Systems 51

4 Kinetic Theory 67

4.1 Boltzmann and Vlasov Equations 68

4.2 Drift Kinetic Approximation 68

4.3 Fokker–Planck Theory of Collisions 71

4.4 Plasma Resistivity 78

4.5 Coulomb Collisional Energy Transfer 80

4.6 Krook Collision Operators* 84

5 Fluid Theory 87

5.1 Moments Equations 87

5.2 One-Fluid Model 91

5.3 Magnetohydrodynamic Model 95

5.4 Anisotropic Pressure Tensor Model* 98

5.5 Strong Field, Transport Time Scale Ordering 100

6 Plasma Equilibria 105

6.1 General Properties 105

6.2 Axisymmetric Toroidal Equilibria 107

6.3 Large Aspect Ratio Tokamak Equilibria 113

6.4 Safety Factor 119

6.5 Shafranov Shift* 122

6.6 Beta* 125

6.7 Magnetic Field Diffusion and Flux Surface Evolution* 127

6.8 Anisotropic Pressure Equilibria* 130

6.9 Elongated Equilibria* 132

7 Waves 141

7.1 Waves in an Unmagnetized Plasma 141

7.2 Waves in a Uniformly Magnetized Plasma 144

7.3 Langmuir Waves and Landau Damping 149

7.4 Vlasov Theory of Plasma Waves* 152

7.5 ElectrostaticWaves* 158

8 Instabilities 165

8.1 Hydromagnetic Instabilities 168

8.2 Energy Principle 175

8.3 Pinch and Kink Instabilities 179

8.4 Interchange (Flute) Instabilities 183

8.5 Ballooning In stabilities 189

8.6 Drift Wave Instabilities 193

8.7 Resistive Tearing Instabilities* 196

8.8 Kinetic Instabilities* 202

8.9 Sawtooth Oscillations* 211

9 Neoclassical Transport 215

9.1 Collisional Transport Mechanisms 215

9.2 Classical Transport 222

9.3 Neoclassical Transport – Toroidal Effects in FluidTheory 225

9.4 Multifluid Transport Formalism* 231

9.5 Closure of Fluid Transport Equations* 234

9.6 Neoclassical Transport–Trapped Particles 241

9.7 Extended Neoclassical Transport–Fluid Theory* 247

9.8 Electrical Currents 251

9.9 Orbit Distortion* 253

9.10 Neoclassical Ion Thermal Diffusivity 256

9.11 Paleoclassical Electron Thermal Diffusivity 258

9.12 Transport in a Partially Ionized Gas* 259

10 Plasma Rotation* 263

10.1 Neoclassical Viscosity 263

10.2 Rotation Calculations 272

10.3 Momentum Confinement Times 281

10.4 Rotation and Transport in Elongated Geometry 283

11 Turbulent Transport 293

11.1 Electrostatic Drift Waves 293

11.2 Magnetic Fluctuations 299

11.3 Wave–Wave Interactions* 301

11.4 Drift Wave Eigenmodes* 304

11.5 Microinstability thermal diffusivity models* 306

11.6 Gyrokinetic and Gyrofluid Theory* 315

11.7 Zonal Flows* 321

12 Heating and Current Drive 323

12.1 Inductive 323

12.2 Adiabatic Compression* 326

12.3 Fast Ions 329

12.4 Electromagnetic Waves 339

13 Plasma–Material Interaction 355

13.1 Sheath 355

13.2 Recycling 358

13.3 Atomic and Molecular Processes 359

13.4 Penetration of Recycling Neutrals 364

13.5 Sputtering 365

13.6 Impurity Radiation 367

14 Divertors 373

14.1 Configuration, Nomenclature and Physical Processes 373

14.2 Simple Divertor Model 376

14.3 Divert or Operating Regimes* 382

14.4 Impurity Retention 385

14.5 Thermal Instability* 388

14.6 2D Fluid Plasma Calculation* 391

14.7 Drifts 393

14.8 Thermoelectric Currents 396

14.9 Detachment 400

14.10 Effect of Drifts on Divertor and SOL Plasma Properties*402

14.11 Blob Transport* 422

15 Plasma Edge 425

15.1 H-Mode Edge Plasma 425

15.2 Transport in the Plasma Edge 426

15.3 Differences Between L-Mode and H-Mode Plasma Edges 439

15.4 Effect of Recycling Neutrals 443

15.5 E x B Shear Stabilization of Turbulence 444

15.6 Thermal Instabilities 449

15.7 Poloidal Velocity Spin-Up* 461

15.8 ELM Stability Limits on Edge Pressure Gradients 467

15.9 MARFEs 476

15.10 Radiative Mantle 480

15.11 Edge Operation Boundaries 482

16 Neutral Particle Transport 485

16.1 Fundamentals* 485

16.2 PN Transport and Diffusion Theory* 493

16.3 Multidimensional Neutral Transport* 500

16.4 Integral Transport Theory* 504

16.5 Collision Probability Methods* 514

16.6 Interface Current Balance Methods 517

16.7 Extended Transmission-Escape Probabilities Method* 525

16.8 Discrete Ordinates Methods* 533

16.9 Monte Carlo Methods* 536

16.10 Navier–Stokes Fluid Model* 541

16.11 Tokamak Plasma Refueling by Neutral Atom Recycling 542

17 Power Balance 549

17.1 Energy Confinement Time 549

17.2 Radiation 554

17.3 Impurities 559

17.4 Burning Plasma Dynamics 561

18 Operational Limits 565

18.1 Disruptions 565

18.2 Disruption Density Limit 567

18.3 Nondisruptive Density Limits 576

18.4 Empirical Density Limit 581

18.5 MHD Instability Limits 581

19 Fusion Reactors and Neutron Sources 587

19.1 Plasma Physics and Engineering Constraints 587

19.2 International Tokamak Program 597

19.3 Fusion Beyond ITER 600

19.4 Fusion-Fission Hybrids? 603

Appendices

A Frequently Used Physical Constants 611

B Dimensions and Units 613

C Vector Calculus 617

D Curvilinear Coordinates 619

E Plasma Formulas 627

F Further Reading 629

G Attributions 633

Subject Index 641

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Customer Reviews

Average Rating 4.5
( 9 )
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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 29, 2013

    Oakgaze and Sandglass

    Sandglass:
    Look- a tan shecat with a dark brown stripe down her back. She has white paws and tail tip. Her eyes are green
    Mate/crush/kits- no mate. No crush. No kits
    Rank/personality- rank of warrior. She is a mostly silent cat who is super loyal. She knows most herbs because she was a trained medcat before she swapped to a warrior

    Oakgaze:
    Look- a tan tom with a dark brown down his back with some spots. He has whitw paws and tail tip. Green eyes
    Mate/crush/kits- no mate. No crush. No kits
    Rank/personality- rank of warrior. Very talkative and friendly. Super loyal

    1 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 30, 2013

    Crookedpaw

    Name-Crookedpaw
    Station-Warrior Apprentice
    Gender-Tom
    Description- a young, scrawny, black tom with a white splash over his right eye and ear, his jaw was badly broken as a kit and healed wrong, making one side curl up, and one side curl downwards.
    Kits-None
    Crushes-None
    Dream- To be a great Warrior of Plasmaclan
    Personality- Cunning, Kind-hearted, funny, quiet. Likes to help kits and queens. Fiercely loyal.

    0 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 3, 2013

    Stardust

    Black and has neon pink highlights and white paws stripes everywere even the ears. Her stripes on the ears are lime green. On the right side of my right ear i have a golden hooped earing. Is a she cat and my eye color is aqamarine. My powers my sound weird but they are hard rock and rock&roll. I can sing pretty good too. Just give me a mic and ill sing. Im helpful caring loving playful hyper sometimes protective funny loyal and can be a bet of crazy at some ponits. Im a young she cat. Ranked as a Warrior. Im also sweet too. Abot forgot that one. I can hunt like awesome. Im pretty mean when it comes to fights. Im very protective over my clan family and friends. Ill help any one. And ill be glad too. And also when it comes to mates ill get crazy on you but not much but i make it go easy and slow. Im not like a hard core one. LOL! Also i almost forgot this one too. Im related to Mossface. Im her cuzin and i spell a little bettter than her but half of the time i dont. Mate:looking for one. Crush:none Kits:none

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 29, 2013

    Ravenclaw and Iceburn

    Ravenclaw is a shiny raven black she-cat ith white paws,ears,and tail tip. She has a ring of white obove her white paws and the white tail tip. Her left eye is emerald green and her right eye is electric blue. She has a maroon necklase with a orange gem on it. He can fly,shapeshift,and use all of the teles. (Twleportation telepethy teleportation telephone telwvision and teletubbys.) She has a vast knowlege of herbs. She has no mat or crush. She is a fun loving cat.+-+-+-+- Iceburn is a snow white tom with black ears and tail tip. His eyes are a firey amber. He can control fire and ice. Everywhere he steps, instead of paw prints there are snow prints. He as no mate. But he has someone in mind...

    0 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 28, 2013

    Leopardpounce

    Leopardlike tom with green eyes that shock when seen. Large and very agile

    0 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 2, 2013

    Jaykit, Lionkit, and Hollykit's bios

    Name: Jaykit - Age: 4 1/2 Moons - Gender: Tom - Rank: Kit - Mate: None - Crush: None - Kits: None - Appearance: Light Gray Tabby With Blind Blue Eyes - Personality: Personal, Clever - Kin: Lionkit ((Brother)), Hollykit ((Sister)) ----- Name: Lionkit - Age: 4 1/2 Moons - Gender: Tom - Rank: Kit - Mate: None - Crush: None - Kits: None - Appearance: Golden Tabby With Fiery Amber Eyes - Personality: Tough, Brave, Fun - Kin: Jaykit ((Brother)), Hollykit ((Sister)) ----- Name: Hollykit - Age: 4 1/2 Moons - Gender: She-Kit - Rank: Kit - Mate: None - Crush: Has One - Kits: None - Appearance: Black With Leaf-Green Eyes - Personality: Friendly, Protective - Kin: Jaykit ((Brother)), Lionkit ((Brother)) ----- Mother: Needs One - Father: Needs One - History: Driven Out Of Former Clan - Signature: J,L,&H

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 27, 2013

    Solarleap

    She is a brilliant orange she. Her fur is not quite long, nor short. Fluffly so-to-say. She has kind green eyes and a warm heart. Heat, but not flame, is her capibility. She is stubborn, kind, protective and fiercly loyal

    0 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 27, 2013

    Moonheart bio

    Name: Moonheart....Pealt: blue- black.... Eyes: roal blue.............Syblinges: Redheart and Dawnflower....Mother: Goldclaw....Father: Ravenheart....Powers: transform into Pokemon or anything eles

    0 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 27, 2013

    Echoleaf

    She is a black she cat, who is quiet and loving. She has shown an interest in Plasmastar, and she is very protective of her loved ones. She has the power to create vibrations, and move at the speed of light by vibrating in multiple directions at once. She has turquoise eyes that glow at night. She seems innocent and shy, but she can be wild at times. She has no memory of her past, she woke up one day in a tree hollow alone.

    0 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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