The Future of Air Traffic Control: Human Operators and Automation

Overview

Automation in air traffic control may increase efficiency, but it also raises questions about adequate human control over automated systems. Following on the panel's first volume on air traffic control automation, Flight to the Future (NRC, 1997), this book focuses on the interaction of pilots and air traffic controllers, with a growing network of automated functions in the airspace system.
The panel offers recommendations for development of human-centered automation, addressing...
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Overview

Automation in air traffic control may increase efficiency, but it also raises questions about adequate human control over automated systems. Following on the panel's first volume on air traffic control automation, Flight to the Future (NRC, 1997), this book focuses on the interaction of pilots and air traffic controllers, with a growing network of automated functions in the airspace system.
The panel offers recommendations for development of human-centered automation, addressing key areas such as providing levels of automation that are appropriate to levels of risk, examining procedures for recovery from emergencies, free flight versus ground-based authority, and more.
The book explores ways in which technology can build on human strengths and compensate for human vulnerabilities, minimizing both mistrust of automation and complacency about its abilities. The panel presents an overview of emerging technologies and trends toward automation within the national airspace system--in areas such as global positioning and other aspects of surveillance, flight information provided to pilots an controllers, collision avoidance, strategic long-term planning, and systems for training and maintenance.
The book examines how to achieve better integration of research and development, including the importance of user involvement in air traffic control. It also discusses how to harmonize the wide range of functions in the national airspace system, with a detailed review of the free flight initiative.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Following its 1997 on air traffic automation, the Panel on Human Factors in Air Traffic Control Automation focuses here on the interaction between air traffic controllers and pilots in the context of a growing network of automated function in the air system. It recommends developing human-centered automation and addresses key areas such as matching levels of automation to levels of risk, procedures for recovering from emergencies, and free flight versus ground-based authority. Includes eight color plates. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780309111614
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • Publication date: 1/26/1998
  • Pages: 336

Table of Contents

Preface
Summary 1
Pt. I Automation issues and Emerging Technologies 9
1 Automation Issues in Air Traffic Management 11
2 Emerging Technological Resources 48
Pt. II Current and Envisioned Automation of Air Traffic Control Tasks 63
3 Surveillance and Communication 85
4 Flight Information 111
5 Immediate Conflict Avoidance 127
6 Strategic Long-Range Planning 156
7 Support Functions 184
Pt. III Integration 201
8 Integration of Research and Development 203
9 Airspace System Integration: The Concept of Free Flight 225
10 Conclusions and Recommendations 243
References 262
App. A Aviation and Related Acronyms 289
App. B: Contributors 294
App. C: Biographical Sketches 296
Index 305
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