The Future of Glycerol

Overview

By-products of global biodiesel manufacturing are a modern day global fact responsible for igniting a number of year's worldwide intense research activity into human chemical ingenuity. This highly anticipated 2nd Edition depicts how practical limitations posed by glycerol chemistry are solved based on the understanding of the fundamental chemistry of glycerol and by application of catalysis science and technology. The authors report and comment on employable, practical avenues applicable to convert glycerol into...

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Overview

By-products of global biodiesel manufacturing are a modern day global fact responsible for igniting a number of year's worldwide intense research activity into human chemical ingenuity. This highly anticipated 2nd Edition depicts how practical limitations posed by glycerol chemistry are solved based on the understanding of the fundamental chemistry of glycerol and by application of catalysis science and technology. The authors report and comment on employable, practical avenues applicable to convert glycerol into value added products of mass consumption. The best-selling reference book in the field. Essential reading for anyone interested in understanding whether biodiesel and glycerol refineries are convenient and economically sound.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"""...comprehensive review of the established and most recent developments in the chemistry of glycerol."""
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781849730464
  • Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry, The
  • Publication date: 5/28/2010
  • Series: RSC Green Chemistry Series , #8
  • Edition description: Second Edition, Revised
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 192
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Mario Pagliaro is a chemistry scholar based at Palermo's CNR where he leads Sicily's Photovoltaics Research Pole. The achievements of his Laboratory are reported in a large body of research papers spanning many fields of contemporary chemical research. Some discoveries of his Lab are at the origin of new, diverse successful commercial products. Mario has co-authored many bestselling books, including Flexible Solar Cells and Silica-Based Materals. He has a prolonged interest in management and in science methodology and is often cited for his excellence in teaching. His website is qualitas1998.net Michele Rossi holds a chair of inorganic chemistry at the University of Milan. He graduated in industrial chemistry at the University of Milan in 1963 at Professor Malatesta's school. In 1974 he became Professor of inorganic chemistry at the University of Bari and in 1988 he returned to Milan. His research, documented in more than 150 papers and several patents, is focused on metal-based catalysis and has led to important results in the activation of small molecules for catalytic applications and to the discovery of nitrogen fixation.

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Table of Contents

About the Authors xiv

Acknowledgements xvi

Chapter 1 Glycerol: Properties and Production 1

1.1 Properties of Glycerol 1

1.2 Traditional Commercial Applications 6

1.3 Production of Bioglycerol and Commercial Trends 10

1.4 Glycerol as Solvent in Organic Reactions 20

1.5 Bioglycerol Purification 23

References 25

Chapter 2 Reforming 29

2.1 Glycerol as a Platform for Green Fuels 29

2.2 Production of Hydrogen via Aqueous Phase Reforming 32

2.3 Production of Hydrocarbon Fuels via Aqueous Phase Reforming 36

2.4 Industrial Applications 40

References 42

Chapter 3 Selective Reduction 45

3.1 Reduction of Glycerol 45

3.2 Hydrogenolysis to Propylene Glycol 45

3.3 Dehydroxylation to 1,3-Propanediol 50

3.4 Biological reduction to PDO 51

3.5 Commercial Applications 53

References 56

Chapter 4 Chlorination 59

4.1 Chlorination of Glycerol 59

4.2 Production of Epichlorohydrin 62

4.3 Industrial Applications 65

References 68

Chapter 5 Dehydration 70

5.1 Dehydration of Glycerol 70

5.2 Dehydration to Acrolein 71

5.3 Propane from Acrolein 77

5.4 Oxydehydration to Acrylic Acid 80

5.5 Dehydration to 3-Hydroxypropionaldehyde 81

5.6 Industrial Applications 82

References 84

Chapter 6 Etherification 87

6.1 Etherification of Glycerol 87

6.2 Butylation of glycerol tert-butyl ethers 87

6.3 Direct Telomerization and Etherification over CaO 93

6.4 Polymerization to Polyglycerol 95

6.5 Glycosylalion to Glucosyl Glycerol 97

6.6 Industrial Applications 97

References 99

Chapter 7 Esterification 102

7.1 Esterification of Glycerol 102

7.2 Esterification with Carboxylic Acids and Glycerolysis 102

7.3 Carboxylation to Glycerol Carbonate 107

7.4 Nitration 109

7.5 Industrial Applications 110

References 112

Chapter 8 Selective Oxidation 115

8.1 Selective Oxidation of Glycerol 115

8.2 Thermodynamic and Kinetic Aspects of Aerobic C-OH Oxidation 118

8.3 Platinum-Group Metal Catalysis 119

8.4 Gold and Organocatalysis 122

8.5 Oxidation Using an Iron Catalyst 124

8.6 Electrochemical Oxidation 126

8.7 Biological Oxidation 128

References 131

Chapter 9 Bioglycerol in the Construction Industry 135

9.1 Polyols as Additives for Cement 135

9.2 Glycerol as Anticracking and Waterproofing Agent 139

9.3 Raw Glycerol as Quality Enhancer and Grinding Aid 140

9.4 Bioglycerol as Anticorrosive Lubricant 142

References 147

Chapter 10 Sustainability of Bioglycerol 149

10.1 Biofuels: A Triple Bottom Line Analysis 149

10.2 Bioglycerol Economics 153

10.3 Glycerol: A Platform Chemical for the Biorefinery 160

References 163

Subject Index 166

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