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In this book, composed of original interviews never broadcast or published before, Larry King takes us on a tour of the future of politics, religion, the media, war and peace, money, work, travel, ...
In this book, composed of original interviews never broadcast or published before, Larry King takes us on a tour of the future of politics, religion, the media, war and peace, money, work, travel, sports, and the arts--all from the point of view of highly regarded individuals at the top of their fields.
King has conversations with: Stephen Jay Gould on the unprecedented challenges mankind faces; Marian Wright Edelman on the risks confronting families; Tim Russert on the media and political coverage; Doris Kearns Goodwin on the talents a future president will need to succeed; Gen. John Shalikashvili on military developments; Bill Gates on how computers and the Internet will continue to permeate our lives; Richard C. Holbrooke on the challenges of world diplomacy; C. Everett Koop on the increasingly volatile relationship between government and health care; Lester Thurow on world economics and how the United States needs to position itself; Albert Berkeley on how Wall Street will play less of a central role in investors' lives; Bob Costas on how sports will grow and change, as well as how they will be covered; Maya Angelou and Peter Max on the meanings and relevance of art; Isaac Mizrahi on what we'll be wearing; Stephen Cannell on what we'll be watching; and Robert Thurman and Elaine Pagels on spirituality and what we'll be doing to nourish our souls.These and many other interviews offer comments that are candid and opinionated, optimistic and pessimistic. They will engender reflection and surprise and ultimately provide insight into what tomorrow will bring.
Stephen Jay Gould is the popular Harvard paleontologist who writes about the complex subjects of evolution and natural history so even I understand what he's talking about. Our interviews took place over a period of months, and the experience brought back fond memories of late nights in the radio studio as Stephen Jay Gould answered questions from callers across North America about who we are with a healthy combination of fact and wit. He never had to think about an answer then and he never paused during this series of questions either. I have come away from these sessions with Stephen knowing we are best measured by what we do off the clock rather than on the clock.
Farai Chideya is familiar as a political reporter to those who watched MTV during the 1996 presidential campaign. She was a regular on CNN's Early Edition every Monday morning. Readers know Farai from her essays in Time magazine, her writing for Vibe magazine, and her reporting in Newsweek. She was a 1996 Research Fellow at the Freedom Forum Media Studies Center, where she examined why people younger than thirty watch less television news than any other demographic. But her focus has always been on race relations, and as a result, she wrote thewell-received Don't Believe the Hype, which explored how misinformation is used by one race against another, and is finishing a second book about the racial makeup of America. Now a correspondent for ABC News, Farai Chideya is definitely a voice to be heeded both now and in the next century.
Who we are can be defined by how we treat our children and families. The twentieth century comes to an end with the phenomenon of both parents working, an activity never before seen (except during the world wars) in our society. We are still seeking ways to care for children while parents are away from the home, and the first solution has always been the public school. This is changing. The workplace is becoming more and more family-friendly, as is government. A driving force in this direction is Marian Wright Edelman, founder and president of the Children's Defense Fund, an important and--dare I say?--loud voice for children and family. Its logo contains the words, "The sea is so wide and my boat is so small," but I can tell you that with Marian around, the waves don't seem quite as threatening.
Stephen Jay Gould
paleontologist at Harvard University
I don't believe in prediction, prophecy, or punditry, but no one has ever improved on the old biblical injunction (Micah 6:8): Do justly, love mercy, and walk humbly.
LK: Okay, since you're the expert on when we began, when does the twenty-first century begin?
Gould: I'm going to celebrate on December 31, 1999 and on December 31, 2000. Each one is legitimate.
LK: Let me understand this: There was no year 0, correct?
Gould: That's exactly why technically, if you believe all centuries need to have one hundred years, as we usually do, and because there was no year 0, every hundredth year has to go with the previous century. 1900 goes with the eighteen-hundred years and 1700 goes with the sixteen-hundred years, so by that calculation, 2000 goes with the nineteen-hundred years to form the last year of the twentieth century, and the millennium starts in the year 2001. This is why both Arthur Clarke and Stanley Kubrick named their book and film the way they did.
LK: So I should follow that idea and not do anything special on December 31, 1999?
Gould: No. It's arbitrary anyway. The system that gave rise to this dilemma didn't even begin until the seventh century, and nobody living in the year 1 knew that it was year 1. I think people feel the year 2000 looks like a better year for a celebration because of their car odometer. When it moves from "1999" to "2000," that's more interesting than when it moves from "2000" to "2001." So to justify this, we're going to have to proclaim the first century just had ninety-nine years.
This issue comes up every century, but in the past, when there really was a pop culture--high culture distinction, official century celebrations were always in '01. But in this century, pop and high culture have amalgamated and pop culture has won, so we're just going to celebrate it in the year 2000.
LK: We're not a patient people.
Gould: No, we all have car odometers.
LK: We are about to enter a time that others in these pages say will have a lot of change and a lot of speed, and it makes me wonder if this will change us as human beings somehow.
Gould: If you think of human history in geological terms we've only had civilization for 10,000 years, which can't be measured when you consider the history of life is three and one-half billion years old. It's a geological eye blink. Cultural change and cultural evolution are so rapid relative to biological evolution because it has such different properties of inheritance. We invent things and pass them on to the next generation, and we accumulate, and each generation makes improvements. Biological change doesn't work that way because anything you do in your lifetime doesn't mean a damn thing because you're only passing on the genes that you had, and which your ancestors had.
LK: Technically we can do more things than we've ever been able to do, all at the same time. Does that potential overload do anything to us biologically?
Gould: I don't know what our biologic limits are.
|Stephen Jay Gould, paleontologist, Harvard University||3|
|Farai Chideya, author; national affairs editor, Vibe magazine||9|
|Marian Wright Edelman, founder, Children's Defense Fund||16|
|Tim Russert, host, Meet the Press; Washington Bureau chief, NBC News||23|
|Doris Kearns Goodwin, presidential historian; author||30|
|Ross Perot, 1992 presidential candidate||39|
|Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky, president, Women's Campaign Fund||44|
|War and Peace|
|Colman McCarthy, founder, Center for Teaching Peace||51|
|General John Shalikashvili, former chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff||58|
|Richard C. Holbrooke, special envoy, Cyprus; vice chairman, First Boston||66|
|Science, Medicine, and Technology|
|Bill Gates, chairman, Microsoft Corporation||79|
|Esther Dyson, chairman, Electronic Frontier Foundation||86|
|Dr. David Satcher, director, National Centers for Disease Control and Prevention||94|
|Dr. Francis Collins, director, National Human Genome Research Institute||101|
|Dr. C. Everett Koop, former U.S. Surgeon General||106|
|Al Neuharth, founder, USA Today||118|
|Joe Turow, professor, Annenberg School for Communications||126|
|Frank Lowe, chairman, the Lowe Group||134|
|Planes, Trains, Automobiles, and Spaceships|
|John Hayhurst, vice president, Boeing Corporation||149|
|Thomas Downs, president and CEO, Amtrak||155|
|Neil Ressler, vice president, Ford Motor Company||162|
|Dan Goldin, administrator, NASA||170|
|John Golle, chairman and CEO, Education Alternatives, Inc.||182|
|Dr. Larry Smith, chair, Department of Elementary Education, Ball State Teachers College||191|
|Richard Levin, president, Yale University||200|
|Making a Living|
|Richard Trumka, secretary-treasurer, AFL-CIO||210|
|Lester Thurow, Sloan Kettering School of Business, MIT||217|
|Edward Gramlich, former chairman, Advisory Council on Social Security||229|
|John Seely Brown, chief scientist, Xerox Corporation; director, Palo Alto Research Center||235|
|Magdalena Yesil, founder, MarketPay||247|
|Alfred Berkeley, president, NASDAQ||252|
|Bob Costas, NBC Sports||260|
|Bud Selig, acting commissioner, Major League Baseball||270|
|David Falk, chairman, FAME||276|
|Maya Angelou, poet||290|
|Peter Max, artist||295|
|Lucie Salhany, former president and CEO, UPN Television||301|
|Stephen J. Cannell, chairman, Cannell Entertainment||308|
|Sherry Lansing, chairman, Paramount Pictures||313|
|Isaac Mizrahi, fashion designer||321|
|Robert Thurman, professor of Indo-Tibetan Buddhist studies, Columbia University||329|
|Elaine Pagels, professor of religion, Princeton University||338|
|Archbishop Oscar Lipscomb, Catholic Diocese, Mobile, Alabama||346|
|Will We Still Have to Worry About ... ?||353|
|A Few Thank-Yous||363|