Fuzzy Rationality: A Critique and Methodological Unity of Classical, Bounded and Other Rationalities / Edition 1

Fuzzy Rationality: A Critique and Methodological Unity of Classical, Bounded and Other Rationalities / Edition 1

by Kofi Kissi Dompere
     
 

ISBN-10: 3540880828

ISBN-13: 9783540880820

Pub. Date: 03/13/2009

Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg

The series "Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing" contains publications on various areas within the so-called soft computing which include fuzzy sets, rough sets, neural networks, evolutionary computations, probabilistic and evidential reasoning, multi-valued logic, and related fields. The publications within "Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing" are primarily…  See more details below

Overview

The series "Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing" contains publications on various areas within the so-called soft computing which include fuzzy sets, rough sets, neural networks, evolutionary computations, probabilistic and evidential reasoning, multi-valued logic, and related fields. The publications within "Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing" are primarily monographs and edited volumes. They cover significant recent developments in the field, both of a foundational and applicable character. An important feature of the series is its short publication time and world-wide distribution. This permits a rapid and broad dissemination of research results.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9783540880820
Publisher:
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication date:
03/13/2009
Series:
Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing Series, #235
Edition description:
2009
Pages:
283
Product dimensions:
9.21(w) x 6.14(h) x 0.75(d)

Table of Contents

1 General Epistemics on Science and Rationality 1

1.1 Decision and Cognition 1

1.2 The Unity of Science, Philosophy and Rational Inquiry 7

1.3 Methodology of Science and Decision-Choice Rationality 13

1.4 Explanatory and Prescriptive Sciences 19

1.4.1 Explanatory Science and Decision-Choice Rationality 26

1.4.2 Prescriptive Science and Decision-Choice Rationality 31

1.5 An Epistemic Reflection on Explanatory Theory, Prescriptive Theory and Decision-Choice Rationality 36

1.5.1 Comparison of Explanatory and Prescriptive Rationalities in the Knowledge Enterprise 37

1.5.2 Decision-Choice Rationalities, Constructionism, Reductionism in Social Knowledge Construct 46

2 Information and Knowledge in Decision-Choice Rationality 55

2.1 Information Definition and Representation in Decision-Choice Systems 58

2.1.1 The Concept and Nature of Information in Cognitive Systems 59

2.1.2 Information and Reality 70

2.2 Knowledge Definition and Representation in Decision-Choice Systems 73

2.2.1 The Concept and Nature of Knowledge 75

2.2.2 Knowledge, Illusions and Reality 85

3 Decision, Choice and Rationality 89

3.1 Epistemological Problem of Rationality 97

3.1.1 The Concept of Rationality 98

3.1.2 Epistemic Conditions of Rationality 102

3.1.3 Quality-Quantity Duality and Decision-Choice Rationality 107

3.1.4 Critique of Some Criticisms of Rationality / the Futility of Criticizing the Optimal Rationality Postulate 112

3.2 Decision and Choice Explicated 116

3.3 Decision, Rationality and Optimality 119

3.3.1 Rationality and Optimality 120

3.3.2 Optimality and Equilibrium in Decision Systems 125

3.4 Choice, Rationality and Optimality 128

3.4.1 Rational Choiceas an Action on Rational Decision 132

3.4.2 Rationality, Choice, Optimality and Equilibrium 139

4 Ideology and Decision-Choice Rationalities 143

4.1 Ideology and Rationality in Institutions and Society 144

4.2 Ideology and Decision-Choice Rationality in Science and Knowledge Production 147

4.3 Social Costs and Benefits of Ideology in Decision-Choice Rationality 151

4.4 Contents of Ideology and Decision-Choice Rationality 153

References 167

R1 On Aggregation and Rationality 167

R2 Cost-Benefit Rationality and Decision-Choice Processes 170

R2.1 On Cost-Benefit Rationality and Accounting Theory 172

R2.2 On Cost-Benefit Rationality and Real Economic Costing 172

R2.3 On Cost-Benefit Rationality and Decision-Choice Criteria 176

R2.4 On Cost-Benefit Rationality and Pricing 178

R2.5 On Cost-Benefit Rationality and Discounting 180

R2.6 Cost-Benefit Rationality and Contingent Valuation Method (CVM) 182

R2.7 Cost-Benefit Rationality and the Revealed Preference Approach (RPA) 185

R3 On Rationality and Social Decision-Choice Process 187

R4 On Expectations, Uncertainty and Rationality 195

R5 On Decision-Choice Process, Fuzziness and Rationality 199

R6 On Fuzzy Decisions, Applications and Rationality 209

R7 On Game Theory, Risk Analysis. Fuzziness and Rationality 215

R8 On Fuzzy Logic and Rationality 221

R9 On Fuzzy Optimization and Decision-Choice Rationality 225

R10 On Fuzzy Mathematics and Optimal Rationality 229

R11 On Fuzzy Probability, Fuzzy Random Variable and Random Fuzzy Variable 238

R12 On Rationality and General Decision-Choice Processes 241

R13 On Rationality, Ideology and Decision-Choice Process 243

R14 On Rationality, Information and Knowledge 244

R15 Rationality and Category Theory in Mathematics, Logic and Sciences 249

R16 On Rationality, Probabilistic Concepts and Reasoning 250

R17 On Classical Rationality, Optimality and Equilibrium 253

R18 On Bounded Rationality 258

R19 On Rationality, Information, Games and Decision-Choice Conflicts 260

R20 On Rationality and Philosophy of Science 262

R21 On Rationality, Riskiness, Decision-Choice Process and Paradoxes 268

R22 On Theories of Utility and Expected Utility 270

R23 On Vagueness and Approximation 271

R24 On Rationality, Prescriptive Science and Theory of Planning 276

Index 277

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