Galileo: For Copernicanism and for the Church / Edition 2

Galileo: For Copernicanism and for the Church / Edition 2

by Annibale Fantoli
     
 

ISBN-10: 0268010323

ISBN-13: 9780268010324

Pub. Date: 09/28/1994

Publisher: University of Notre Dame Press

Considered the paradigm case of the troubled interaction between science and religion, the conflict between Galileo and the Church continues to generate new research and lively debate. Richard J. Blackwell here offers a fresh approach to the Galileo case using as his primary focus the biblical and ecclesiastical issues that were the battleground for the celebrated…  See more details below

Overview

Considered the paradigm case of the troubled interaction between science and religion, the conflict between Galileo and the Church continues to generate new research and lively debate. Richard J. Blackwell here offers a fresh approach to the Galileo case using as his primary focus the biblical and ecclesiastical issues that were the battleground for the celebrated confrontation. Blackwell's research in the Vatican manuscript collection and the Jesuit archives in Rome enables him to re-create a vivid picture of the trends and counter-trends that influenced leading Catholic thinkers of the period: the conservative reaction to the Reformation, the role of authority in biblical exegesis and in guarding orthodoxy from the inroads of "unbridled spirits," and the position taken by Cardinal Bellarmine and the Jesuits in attempting to weigh the discoveries of the new science in the context of traditional philosophy and theology. A centerpiece of Blackwell's investigation is his careful reading of the brief treatise Letter on the Motion of the Earth by Paolo Antonio Foscarini, a Carmelite scholar, arguing for the compatibility of the Copernican system with the Bible. Blackwell appends the first modern translation into English of this important and neglected document, which was placed on the Index of Forbidden Books in 1616. Though there were differing and competing theories of biblical interpretation advocated in Galileo's time, the legacy of the Council of Trent, the views of Cardinal Bellarmine, the most influential churchman of his time, and, finally, the claims of authority and obedience that weakened the ability of Jesuit scientists to support the new science, all contributed to the eventual condemnation of Galileo in 1633. Blackwell argues convincingly that the maintenance of ecclesiastical authority, not the scientific issues themselves, led to that tragic trial.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780268010324
Publisher:
University of Notre Dame Press
Publication date:
09/28/1994
Series:
Studi Galileiani Series
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
567
Product dimensions:
6.50(w) x 9.46(h) x 1.47(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction1
Ch. 1Trent and Beyond5
The Fourth Session of the Council of Trent
The Theological Repercussions of the Fourth Session
Copernicanism and Sixteenth-Century Astronomy
Ch. 2Bellarmine's Views Before the Galileo Affair29
The Truth and Meaning of the Scriptures
Bellarmine's Biblical Cosmology
Bellarmine's Role in the Bruno Trial
The Resolution of the Controversy over Grace and Free Will
Ch. 3Galileo's Detour into Biblical Exegesis53
Blocking the Path of Inquiry
Galileo's Initial Response
The Shadow of Heresy
Galileo's Final Response
Ch. 4Foscarini's Bombshell87
Science and Scripture in the Lettera
Mate, Checkmate, and Tobias's Dog
Ch. 5The Bible at Galileo's Trial111
The Origin of the Charges against Copernicanism
The Verdict and the Decree
The Order to Obey
The Bible in the Courtroom
Ch. 6The Jesuit Dilemma: Truth or Obedience135
Solid and Uniform Doctrine
The Jesuit Tradition on Obedience
Biancani's Battle with the Jesuit Censors
The Onset of Intellectual Rigor Mortis
Ch. 7Reflections on Truth in Science and in Religion165
Science and the Bible
Religious Faith and the Logic of Authority
Appendix I: Decrees of the Council of Trent, Session IV (8 April 1546)181
Appendix II: Diego de Zuniga, Commentary on Job 9:6 (1584)185
Appendix III: Bellarmine, De controversiis de verbo Dei I, I, 3, 3 (1586)187
Appendix IV: Galileo's Letter to Castelli (21 December 1613)195
Appendix V: The Galileo-Dini Correspondence203
AGalileo to Dini (16 February 1615)
BDini to Galileo (7 March 1615)
CGalileo to Dini (23 March 1615)
Appendix VI: Foscarini's Letter (6 January 1615)217
Appendix VII: The Censor's Report and Foscarini's Reply253
AAn Unidentified Theologian's Censure of Foscarini's Letter (1615)
BFoscarini's Defense of the Letter (1615)
Appendix VIII: Bellarmine's Letter to Foscarini (12 April 1615)265
Appendix IX: Galileo's Unpublished Notes (1615)269
AOn Bellarmine's Letter to Foscarini
BOn the Relations of Science and Scripture
Bibliography277
Index287

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