Garden Insects of North America: The Ultimate Guide to Backyard Bugs / Edition 1

Garden Insects of North America: The Ultimate Guide to Backyard Bugs / Edition 1

by Whitney Cranshaw
     
 

ISBN-10: 0691095612

ISBN-13: 9780691095615

Pub. Date: 03/08/2004

Publisher: Princeton University Press

Garden Insects of North America is the most comprehensive and user-friendly guide to the common insects and mites affecting yard and garden plants in North America. In a manner no previous book has come close to achieving, through full-color photos and concise, clear, scientifically accurate text, it describes the vast majority of species associated with

Overview

Garden Insects of North America is the most comprehensive and user-friendly guide to the common insects and mites affecting yard and garden plants in North America. In a manner no previous book has come close to achieving, through full-color photos and concise, clear, scientifically accurate text, it describes the vast majority of species associated with shade trees and shrubs, turfgrass, flowers and ornamental plants, vegetables, and fruits—1,420 of them, including crickets, katydids, fruit flies, mealybugs, moths, maggots, borers, aphids, ants, bees, and many, many more. For particularly abundant bugs adept at damaging garden plants, management tips are also included. Covering all of the continental United States and Canada, this is the definitive one-volume resource for amateur gardeners, insect lovers, and professional entomologists alike.

To ease identification, the book is organized by plant area affected (e.g., foliage, flowers, stems) and within that, by taxa. Close to a third of the species are primarily leaf chewers, with about the same number of sap suckers. Multiple photos of various life stages and typical plant symptoms are included for key species. The text, on the facing page, provides basic information on host plants, characteristic damage caused to plants, distribution, life history, habits, and, where necessary, how to keep "pests" in check—in short, the essentials to better understanding, appreciating, and tolerating these creatures.

Whether managing, studying, or simply observing insects, identification is the first step—and this book is the key. With it in hand, the marvelous microcosm right outside the house finally comes fully into view.

  • Describes more than 1,400 species—twice as many as in any other field guide
  • Full-color photos for most species—more than five times the number in most comparable guides
  • Up-to-date pest management tips
  • Organized by plant area affected and by taxa for easy identification
  • Covers the continental United States and Canada
  • Provides species level treatment of all insects and mites important to gardens
  • Illustrates all life stages of key garden insects and commonly associated plant injuries
  • Concise, clear, scientifically accurate text
  • Comprehensive and user-friendly

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691095615
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
03/08/2004
Series:
Princeton Field Guides Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
672
Sales rank:
148,172
Product dimensions:
7.48(w) x 9.98(h) x 1.45(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

PREFACE xi
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xiii
PHOTOGRAPHIC CREDITS xv

CHAPTER ONE: Introduction to Garden Insects and Their Relatives 1

Metamorphosis 2
Hexapod Orders 4
Identification of Immature Stages of Arthropods 6
Excreted and Secreted Products Useful in Diagnosing Garden Arthropods and Slugs 12
Body Parts Useful in Diagnosing Garden Arthropods 14
Fruit and Foliage Injuries Produced by Arthropods and Slugs 16
Plant Pathogens Transmitted by Arthropods 24

CHAPTER TWO: Management Principles for Some Garden Pests 26

Leaf Chewers and Leafminers 26
Flower, Fruit, and Seed Feeders 31
Sap Suckers 35
Gall Makers 41
Stem, Twig, Branch, and Trunk Damagers 41
Root, Tuber, and Bulb Feeders 43
Miscellaneous Garden Insects 45

CHAPTER THREE: Leaf Chewers 48

Slugs and Snails 48
Grasshoppers 52
Crickets and Katydids 56
Walkingsticks 60
Earwigs 62
Ants 64
Leafcutter Bees 70
Conifer Sawflies 72
Common Sawflies 76
Slug Sawflies 82
Other Sawflies 84
Webworms 86
Sod Webworms 92
Diamondback Moth 94
Leafrollers 96
Spruce Budworms 104
Skippers 106
Webspinning Sawflies 108
Skeletonizers 110
Tent Caterpillars 112
Gypsy Moth 116
Fall Webworm 118
Tussock Moths and Tiger Moths 120
Woollybears 126
Cankerworms, Spanworms, and Inchworms 128
Cutworms and Armyworms 134
Loopers 144
Hornworms/Sphinx Moths 146
Prominent Moths 150
Giant Silkworms/Royal Moths 154
Slug Caterpillars/Flannel Moths 158
Bagworms 160
Casebearers 162
Whites and Sulfurs 166
Swallowtails 168
Brushfooted Butterflies 172
Blister Beetles 176
Leaf Beetles 178
Flea Beetles 198
Mexican Bean Beetle 202

CHAPTER FOUR: Leafminers 204

Leafmining Flies 204
Leafmining Sawflies 210
Leafmining Moths 212
Leafmining Beetles 220

CHAPTER FIVE: Flower, Fruit, and Seed Feeders 222

Flower Thrips 222
True Bugs That Feed on Flowers, Fruits, and Seeds 224
Stink Bugs 228
Other Seed-Feeding Bugs 230
Fruit Flies 234
Yellowjackets and Hornets 242
Caterpillars That Damage Flowers, Fruits, and Seeds 246
Fruit-Infesting Sawflies 266
Fruit- and Flower-Infesting Beetles 268
Sap Beetles and Other Fruit-Damaging Beetles 272
Fruit, Flower, and Seed Weevils 276

CHAPTER SIX: Sap Suckers 284

Whiteflies 284
Psyllids 290
Aphids 296
"Woolly" Aphids 310
Adelgids 314
Mealybugs 316
Eriococcids, or Feltlike Scales 324
Cochineal Scales 326
Soft Scales 328
Margarodid Scales 340
Kermes, Pit, and Falsepit Scales 342
Armored Scales 344
Leafhoppers 356
Treehoppers 366
Spittlebugs 368
Squash Bug 372
Plant Bugs 374
Chinch Bugs 378
Stink Bugs 382
Lace Bugs 384
Thrips 386
Spider Mites 392
Tarsonemid Mites 402
False Spider Mites 404
Rust Mites 404

CHAPTER SEVEN: Gall Makers 408

Aphid Galls 408
Adelgid Galls 410
Phylloxeran Galls 412
Psyllid Galls 414
Gall-Making Flies 418
Gall Wasps 424
Eriophyid Mite Galls 430

CHAPTER EIGHT: Stem and Twig Damagers 434

Cicadas 434
Pine Tip Moths 438
Other Conifer-Tip-Boring Moths 440
Stem-Boring Moths of Deciduous Trees and Shrubs 442
Stem-Boring Sawflies 446
Pith-Nesting Bees and Wasps 448
Weevil Borers of Terminal Growth 450
Twig-Feeding Beetles 452
Twig-Boring Flies 458

CHAPTER NINE: Trunk and Branch Borers 460

Horntails 460
Clearwing Borers 462
Carpenterworms 468
Pyralid Borers 470
Noctuid Borers 472
Metallic Wood Borers/Flatheaded Borers 474
Longhorned Beetles/Roundheaded Borers 480
Weevil Borers 488
Bark Beetles 490

CHAPTER TEN: Root, Tuber, and Bulb Feeders 500

Pillbug and Sowbugs 500
Millipedes 502
Symphylans 502
Springtails 504
Root Aphids and Other Sucking Insects 506
Bulb Mites 508
Termites 510
Mole Crickets 512
Root Maggots and Bulb Flies 514
White Grubs 524
Root Weevils 532
Billbugs 540
Wireworms 542

CHAPTER ELEVEN: Beneficial Garden Arthropods 544

Predators 544
Parasites 564
Pathogens 568
Pollinators 572

APPENDIX OF HOST PLANT GENERA AND ASSOCIATED INSECTS AND MITES 577
GLOSSARY 629
SELECTED REFERENCES 637
INDEX 639

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