Gases in Plant and Microbial Cells

Overview

This is the first authoritative compilation of methods for the analysis of a comprehensive range of gases interacting with plant cells. Particularly treated are gases such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, nitrogen dioxide, water vapor, methane, ethylene, and other gases of fruits and vegetables. This interaction is of utmost importance because gases of the atmosphere and plant life are closely linked. Carbon dioxid - consumed by photosynthesis - is a very important component of the atmosphere in terms of ...
See more details below
Available through our Marketplace sellers.
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (1) from $79.70   
  • New (1) from $79.70   
Close
Sort by
Page 1 of 1
Showing All
Note: Marketplace items are not eligible for any BN.com coupons and promotions
$79.70
Seller since 2007

Feedback rating:

(23160)

Condition:

New — never opened or used in original packaging.

Like New — packaging may have been opened. A "Like New" item is suitable to give as a gift.

Very Good — may have minor signs of wear on packaging but item works perfectly and has no damage.

Good — item is in good condition but packaging may have signs of shelf wear/aging or torn packaging. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Acceptable — item is in working order but may show signs of wear such as scratches or torn packaging. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Used — An item that has been opened and may show signs of wear. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Refurbished — A used item that has been renewed or updated and verified to be in proper working condition. Not necessarily completed by the original manufacturer.

New
BRAND NEW

Ships from: Avenel, NJ

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Canadian
  • International
  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
Page 1 of 1
Showing All
Close
Sort by
Sending request ...

Overview

This is the first authoritative compilation of methods for the analysis of a comprehensive range of gases interacting with plant cells. Particularly treated are gases such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, nitrogen dioxide, water vapor, methane, ethylene, and other gases of fruits and vegetables. This interaction is of utmost importance because gases of the atmosphere and plant life are closely linked. Carbon dioxid - consumed by photosynthesis - is a very important component of the atmosphere in terms of climate. Plants also heavily influence the atmosphere, e.g., nitrogen fixation by symbiotic bacteria is responsible for 90% of the nitrogen turn over in the biosphere. Further, ozone is also known to cause reductions in crop yield and it seems that formation of ethylene in plants due to stress determines plant sensitivity to ozone. In addition, the known existence of gaseous growth hormones has changed man's understanding of fruit ripening. A consideration of ethylene analysis and ethylene effects therefore occupies an important place in this volume.
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783642833489
  • Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • Publication date: 12/14/2011
  • Series: Molecular Methods of Plant Analysis Series , #9
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1989
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 352

Table of Contents

Oxygen.- O2Evolution and Uptake Measurements in Plant Cells by Mass Spectrometry.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Theory.- 2.1 Determination of Uo.- 2.2 Determination of Eo.- 2.3 Determination of DR.- 2.4 Correction of Eo and Uo Against Withdrawal of Gas.- 3 Equipment.- 3.1 Mass Spectrometers.- 3.2 Inlet Systems.- 4 O2 Exchange of Higher Plants (Whole Plants, Single Leaves).- 4.1 Determination of Uo and Eo over Long Periods of Time.- 4.2 Determination of Uo and Eo over Short Time Intervals.- 5 O2 Exchange of Aquatic Suspensions (Algae, Chloroplasts).- 5.1 Determination of Uo and Eo over Long Periods of Time.- 5.2 Determination of Uo and Eo over Short Time Intervals.- References.- Microassay of O2 Evolution from Single Plant Cells.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Historical Background.- 3 Culture, Preparation and Incubation of Bacteria and Protoplasts.- 3.1 Bacteria.- 3.2 Isolation of Protoplasts.- 3.3 Evacuolation and Electrofusion of Protoplasts.- 3.4 Assay of Photosynthetic Oxygen Evolution.- 4 Evaluation of the Microtechnique.- 4.1 Microphotographic Studies.- 4.2 Discrimination Between Aerotactic and Chemotactic Responses.- 4.3 Semiquantitative Assay of Changes in O2 Concentration.- 4.4 Kinetic Studies.- 5 Applications.- 5.1 Protoplast Viability as Assayed with Pseudomonas Versus Conventional Techniques.- 5.2 Integrity of Manipulated Protoplasts and Hybrids of Mesophyll Cells After Electrofusion.- 6 Summary.- References.- O2 Exchange Measurement Using a Platinum Polarographic Electrode.- 1 Introduction.- 1.1 Basic Components of a Polarographic System.- 1.2 O2 Exchange Measurements.- 2 Polarographic Principles.- 2.1 Basic Principles.- 2.2 O2 Reduction.- 2.3 The Silver Anode and Electrolyte Medium.- 3 Electrode Systems.- 3.1 The Membrane-Covered (Clark-Type) Electrode.- 3.2 The Bare Electrode.- 3.3 Choice of Electrode Type.- 3.4 The Modulated Polarographic Electrode.- 3.5 Improvements in Bare Platinum Electrode Systems.- 4 Photosynthesis Studies.- 4.1 Photosynthetic Action Spectra.- 4.2 Chromatic Transients.- 4.3 O2 Evolution and the S-State Hypothesis.- 4.4 Measurement of the Activity of O2-Evolving Particles.- 4.5 Hydrostatic Pressure Effects.- 4.6 Electron Transfer Reactions.- 4.7 Simultaneous Measurement of O2 Exchange and Variable Chlorophyll a Fluorescence.- 4.8 Light-Dependent O2 Uptake.- 4.9 Measurement of Oxygen Evolution by Leaf Discs (The Hansatech Electrode).- 5 The Future of Polarographic O2 Exchange Measurement.- 6 Commercial Suppliers of Polarographic Systems.- 6.1 Clark-Type Systems.- 6.2 The Hansatech Electrode.- 6.3 Bare Electrode Systems.- References.- Measurement of O2 Evolution in Chloroplasts.- 1 Introduction.- 2 The Principle of Polarographic O2 Electrode.- 3 Reaction Vessels and Electronic Circuits.- 4 General Directions for Measurement of O2 Evolution.- 5 Additional Remarks.- 6 Typical Experimental Conditions.- References.- Carbon Dioxide.- Analytical Gas Exchange Measurements of Photosynthetic CO2 Assimilation.- 1 Introduction.- 1.1 Historical Perspective.- 1.2 Current Interest.- 2 The Basic Measurements.- 2.1 Units.- 2.2 Combined Gas Exchange and Biochemical Measurements.- 3 Measuring CO2 Uptake.- 3.1 Compensating Systems.- 3.2 Differential Systems.- 3.3 Combined Systems.- 3.4 Kinetic Systems.- 3.5 CO2 Analyzers.- 3.6 Considerations for Handling CO2.- 3.7 CO2 Source Gas.- 3.8 CO2 Absorbers.- 4 Measuring Water Loss.- 4.1 Differential Systems.- 4.2 Closed Systems.- 4.3 Water Vapor Detectors.- 4.4 Considerations for Handling Water Vapor.- 4.5 Water Vapor Absorbers.- 5 Vapor Pressure Difference.- 5.1 Humidity in the Air.- 5.2 Humidity Inside the Leaf.- 6 Chambers.- 7 Putting the System Together.- 7.1 Mass Flow Meters.- 7.2 Barometer.- 7.3 Tubing Fittings.- 8 Three Different System Designs.- 8.1 Laboratory-Based System.- 8.2 Expedition Size Field System.- 8.3 Personal Size Portable System.- References.- Respiration Measurements in Plant Roots Throughout Development.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Defining the Problem.- 3 Mihondria.- 3.1 Factors Affecting Respiratory Measurements.- 3.2 Isolation of Mihondria.- 4 Root Segments.- 4.1 Factors Affecting Respiratory Measurements.- 5 Intact Excised Roots.- 6 Intact Plants.- 7 Roots Grown in Liquid Culture.- 8 Problems Associated with Inhibitors.- 8.1 Disulfiram.- 8.2 SHAM.- 8.3 Antimycin A.- 8.4 Uncouplers.- 9 Measuring Respiration Rates.- 9.1 Apportioning Respiratory Activity.- 9.2 Rotenone-Resistant Respiration.- 10 Adjunct Methods.- References.- Water Vapor.- Psychrometric Water Potential Analysis in Leaf Discs.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Theory of Thermocouple Psychrometers.- 2.1 Concepts of Water Potential.- 2.2 Principles of Operation.- 3 Types of Thermocouple Psychrometers.- 4 Psychrometric Method.- 4.1 Preparation of Psychrometers.- 4.2 Calibration.- 4.3 Measurement Procedure.- 4.4 Temperature and Vapour Pressure Equilibration.- 5 Techniques for Sampling Leaf Discs.- 5.1 Leaf Selection for Tissue Sampling.- 5.2 Location and Selection of Leaf-Disc Samples.- 5.3 Method of Leaf-Disc Excision.- 5.4 Effects of Evaporative Losses.- 5.5 Use of Multiple Leaf Discs.- 5.6 Handling of Leaf Discs.- 6 Components of Leaf Water Potential.- 7 Interpretation of Psychrometric Water Potential Measurements.- 7.1 Accuracy of Psychrometer Measurements.- 7.2 Types of Leaf Material.- 7.3 Water Potential Changes Following Leaf-Disc Excision.- 7.4 Leaf Tissue in Relation to the Size of the Sample Chamber.- 7.5 Water Adsorption by Thermocouple Psychrometer Assemblies.- 7.6 The Cut Edge and Evaporative Losses During Sampling.- 7.7 Thermal Gradients and Zero Offsets.- 7.8 Problems Associated with Equilibration Times.- 7.9 Interpretation of the Psychrometer Output Plateau.- 7.10 Considerations for Statistical Analysis.- 7.11 Consistency in Methodology.- 8 Conclusion.- References.- In Situ Measurement of Plant Water Potential.- 1 Introduction.- 1.1 Background.- 1.2 Measurement Theory.- 1.3 Measurement Methods.- 2 Vapour Transfer Methods.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 General Principles.- 2.3 Practical Aspects.- 3 Psychrometry.- 3.1 Principles.- 3.2 Psychrometric Methods.- 3.3 Peltier Cooled (Spanner) Psychrometers.- 3.4 Wet Loop or Droplet Psychrometer.- 4 Dew Point Methods.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 Four-Wire Hygrometer.- 4.3 Pulsed Dew Point Hygrometer.- 4.4 Continuous Monitoring.- 4.5 Comparison of Dew Point Methods.- 4.6 Dew Point Versus Psychrometric Methods.- 5 In Situ Measurement at Particular Sites.- 5.1 Leaf.- 5.2 Stem.- 5.3 Roots.- 6 Conclusion and Final Recommendation.- References.- Dehydration and Rehydration During Pollen Development, Pollination, and Fertilization.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Flower Development.- 3 Dehydration of Pollen.- 3.1 Dehydration During Development.- 3.2 Dehydration of Pollen After Anthesis and Some Consequences of Dehydration.- 4 Pollination and Rehydration of Pollen.- 5 Water Potential and Its Measurement in Reproductive Tissues.- 6 Humidity Measurement.- 7 Measurement of Water Content.- 7.1 1H-NMR.- 7.2 1H-NMR Imaging.- 7.3 31P-NMR for Membranes.- 7.4 Freeze Fracture Replicas for Membranes.- 7.5 Calorimetric Analysis.- 7.6 Other Methods.- 8 Summary.- References.- Exchange Determination of Water Vapor, Carbon Dioxide, Oxygen, Ethylene, and Other Gases of Fruits and Vegetables.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Physical Laws of Gas Diffusion.- 3 Steady State Determination of Parameters of Gas Exchange.- 3.1 Theoretical Basis.- 3.2 Determination of Surface Area.- 3.3 Determination of the Rate of Flux.- 3.4 Determination of the Concentration Gradient.- 3.5 Calculation of Permeability Coefficients.- 4 Nonsteady State Methods for Determination of Resistance to Gas Diffusion.- 5 Morphology and Other Gas Exchange Methodologies.- 6 Applications of Methodology.- 6.1 Studying Paths of Gas Exchange Through Stem Scar, Stomata, Cuticle, and Lenticels.- 6.2 Effects of Individual Seal-Packaging and Waxing on Gas Exchange of Fruits.- 6.3 Resistance Network Approach.- References.- Nitrogen.- Methods for Measurement of Dinitrogen Fixation in Microorganisms and Symbiotic Systems.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Determination of N2 Fixation by Increases in Total Nitrogen.- 2.1 Digestion of Samples by a Microkjeldahl Procedure.- 2.2 Analysis of Ammonia by Distillation Followed by Titration.- 3 Use of 15N2 to Determine Dinitrogen Fixation.- 3.1 Preparation of 15N2 from 15N-Labelled Ammonium Salts.- 3.2 Exposure of Samples to 15N2 Gas Mixtures.- 3.3 Conversion of $$sub{15}NH_4sub + $$ to 15N2 for Analysis in a Mass Spectrometer.- 3.4 Analysis of 15N2 Data.- 3.5 Analysis of 15N Abundance by Emission Spectrometry.- 4 Use of 13N2 to Determine Dinitrogen Fixation.- 4.1 Cyclotron Methods.- 4.2 Linear Accelerator.- References.- Methods for Uptake and Assimilation Studies of Nitrogen Dioxide.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Nitrogen Dioxide Uptake.- 2.1 Gas Flux Studies.- 2.2 Nitrogenous Compound Extraction and Determination.- 2.3 15N Studies.- 2.4 Comparative Rates of Nitrogen Dioxide Uptake.- 3 Nitrogen Dioxide Assimilation.- 3.1 Increase in Organic Nitrogen.- 3.2 Increase in Nitrogen Pathway Enzymes.- 3.3 Nitrogen Dioxide as a Plant Nutrient.- References.- Immunological Detection of Nitrogenase.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Characteristics of the Nitrogenase Complex.- 3 Purification of Nitrogenase for Antibody Production.- 3.1 Immunological Techniques.- 3.2 Immunological Relationships of Nitrogenases.- 3.3 Immunodetection of Nitrogenase.- 3.4 Immunodetection by Western Blotting.- 3.5 Quantitation of Nitrogenase on Western Blots.- 4 Conclusions.- Appendices.- References.- Analysis of Volatile Nitrogen (NO and NO2) Release from Plants.- 1 Introduction.- 1.1 NO(X) Emissions from Herbicide-Treated Soybean.- 1.2 Association of NO(X) Evolution with the NR Enzyme.- 2 Volatile N Carried in Water Vapor from Intact Plants.- 3 Methods of Detecting N Oxides.- 3.1 Greiss-Saltzman Colorimetric Assay.- 3.2 Gas Chromatography (GC).- 3.3 Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS).- Conditions.- References.- Other Gases.- Hydrogen-Oxidizing Bacteria:Methods Used in Their Investigation.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Methods for the Determination of H2-Oxidizing Activity.- 2.1 Practical and Theoretical Considerations in the Use of H2 as a Reagent.- 2.2 Gas Chromatographic Assay of H2-Oxidizing Activity.- 2.3 Spectrophotometric Assay of H2-Oxidizing Activity.- 2.4 Amperometric Determination of H2-Oxidizing Activity.- 2.5 Use of 3H2 in the Measurement of Hydrogenase Activity.- 2.6 Mass Spectrometric Measurements of H2 Metabolism.- 2.7 Other Methods for Measuring Activity of Hydrogenases.- 3 Methods Other Than Activity Determinations.- 4 Summary.- References.- Methane Estimation for Methanogenic and Methanotropic Bacteria.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Cultivation.- 3 Methods for Estimating Methane.- 3.1 Sampling Procedures.- 3.2 Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Gases and Substrates.- 3.3 Isotope Methods for Gases.- 4 Methods for Methanogenic Bacteria.- 4.1 Preparing Methanogenic Cell Suspensions and Extracts.- 4.2 Enzymatic Methane Production.- 5 Methods for Methanotrophic Bacteria.- 5.1 Respirometric Analysis.- 5.2 Methane Monooxygenase Activity.- 6 Calculating Methane and Other Gases.- References.- Methods for the Quantification of Ethylene Produced by Plants.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Bioassays.- 3 Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Ethylene.- 3.1 Columns.- 3.2 Detectors.- 4 Continuous Flow Systems.- 4.1 Purification of Air.- 4.2 Sample Chambers.- 4.3 Collection Trap for Ethylene Analysis.- 5 Analysis of Ethylene in Aqueous Samples.- 5.1 Head Space Analysis.- 5.2 Liquid Injection on Gas Chromatographic Columns.- 5.3 Vacuum Extraction.- 5.4 Gas Stripping.- 6 Summary.- References.- Determination of Extra-and Intracellular pH Values in Relation to the Action of Acidic Gases on Cells.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Methods and Applications.- 2.1 pH-Measurements in Leaf Extracts with Glass Electrodes.- 2.2 Intracellular pH Measurements with Microelectrodes.- 2.3 Distribution of Weak Acids:pH in Neutral or Alkaline Cellular Compartments.- 2.4 Distribution of Weak Bases:pH in Acidic Cellular Compartments.- 2.5 Fluorescent pH Indicators and pH-Sensitive Dyes.- 2.6 31P-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (31P-NMR).- 2.7 Metabolite Determinations.- 3 Conclusions.- References.
Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)