Gender and Sexual Diversity in Schools / Edition 1

Gender and Sexual Diversity in Schools / Edition 1

by Elizabeth J. Meyer
     
 

ISBN-10: 9048185580

ISBN-13: 9789048185580

Pub. Date: 06/09/2010

Publisher: Springer Netherlands

Issues related to gender and sexual diversity in schools can generate a lot of controversy, with many educators and youth advocates under-prepared to address these topics in their school communities. This text offers an easy-to-read introduction to the subject, providing readers with definitions and research evidence, as well as the historical context for

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Overview

Issues related to gender and sexual diversity in schools can generate a lot of controversy, with many educators and youth advocates under-prepared to address these topics in their school communities. This text offers an easy-to-read introduction to the subject, providing readers with definitions and research evidence, as well as the historical context for understanding the roots of bias in schools related to sex, gender, and sexuality. Additionally, the book offers tangible resources and advice on how to create more equitable learning environments. Topics such as working with same-sex parented families in elementary schools; integrating gender and sexual diversity topics into the curriculum; addressing homophobic bullying and sexual harassment; advising gay-straight alliances; and supporting a transgender or gender non-conforming student are addressed. The suggestions offered by this book are based on recent research evidence and legal decisions to help educators handle the various situations professionally and from an ethical and legally defensible perspective.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9789048185580
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
Publication date:
06/09/2010
Series:
Explorations of Educational Purpose Series, #10
Edition description:
2010
Pages:
152
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Part I Understanding Gender and Sexual Diversity

1 Introduction: Why Learn About Gender and Sexual Diversity in Schools? 3

1.1 Introduction 3

1.2 Why Understand Gender and Sexual Diversity in Schools? 4

1.2.1 Student Safety 4

1.2.2 Physical and Emotional Health 5

1.2.3 Diversity and Equity 5

1.2.4 Student Engagement and Academic Success 6

1.3 Issues in Schools 7

1.3.1 Curriculum 7

1.3.2 Extracurricular Activities 8

1.3.3 School Climate 8

1.4 Theoretical Foundations 9

1.4.1 Democratic Theories of Education 10

1.4.2 Critical Pedagogy 12

1.4.3 Feminist Pedagogy 14

1.4.4 Multicultural Education 15

1.4.5 Social Justice 17

1.4.6 Anti-oppressive Education 19

1.4.7 Queer Pedagogy 20

1.5 Conclusion 22

References 23

2 Understanding Sex and Gender 27

2.1 Introduction 27

2.2 Let's Talk About Sex 28

2.2.1 Sex Determination 101 29

2.2.2 How Many Sexes are There? 30

2.3 Let's Talk About Gender (Psychosocial) 33

2.3.1 Boys and Men: Exploring Masculinities 34

2.3.2 Girls and Women - The Second Sex 36

2.3.3 Transgender: Transcending Gender 37

2.3.4 Two-Spirit: Aboriginal Identities 38

2.3.5 Genderqueer: Youth and Postmodern Identities 39

2.3.6 Gender Identity Disorder: Challenging the Binary 40

2.4 Gender Identity Development Theories 40

2.4.1 Biological Explanations 41

2.4.2 Psychodynamic Explanations 41

2.4.3 Sociological Explanations 42

2.4.4 Developmental Systems Theory 43

2.5 Conclusion 43

References 44

3 Understanding Sexuality 47

3.1 Introduction 47

3.2 What Is Sexuality? 48

3.2.1 Sexuality 48

3.2.2 Sexual Orientation 49

3.2.3 Sexual Behavior 49

3.2.4 Sexual Identity 50

3.3 Understanding Diverse Sexual Identities 50

3.4 The History of Homophobia and Heterosexism 52

3.5 Creating Schools That Value Sexual Diversity 56

References 57

Part II Experiencing Gender and Sexual Diversity in Schools

4 Integrating Gender and Sexual Diversity Across the Curriculum 61

4.1 Introduction 61

4.2 Approaches to Teaching 62

4.3 Elementary Topics and Themes 64

4.3.1 Gender Roles 65

4.3.2 Parenting and Family Relationships 66

4.4 Secondary Topics and Themes 67

4.4.1 English-Language Arts 68

4.4.2 History and Social Studies 69

4.4.3 Biology 70

4.4.4 Health and Sexual Education 71

4.4.5 Mathematics 74

4.4.6 Fine and Performing Arts 74

4.5 Extracurricular Activities 76

4.5.1 Gay-Straight Alliances 76

4.5.2 School-Wide Initiatives 77

4.5.3 Student Government, Arts and Athletics 78

4.6 Conclusion 79

References 80

5 Law and Policy Issues 85

5.1 Introduction 85

5.2 Canada 86

5.2.1 Egan v. Canada 86

5.2.2 Trinity Western University v. B.C. College of Teachers 87

5.2.3 Kempling v. B.C. College of Teachers 88

5.2.4 School District 44 v. Jubran 88

5.3 United States of America 89

5.3.1 Federal Protections and Case Studies 90

5.3.2 State and Local Non-discrimination Laws 92

5.4 Safe Schools Policies 93

5.4.1 Exemplary Inclusive Safe School Policies 94

5.4.2 Implications for Educators 96

5.5 Conclusion 97

References 98

6 Understanding the Impacts of the School Environment 101

6.1 Introduction 101

6.2 Understanding Bullying and Harassment 101

6.2.1 Understanding the Scope of the Problem 102

6.2.2 Homophobic Harassment 104

6.2.3 Harassment for Gender Non-conformity or Transphobic Harassment 105

6.2.4 (Hetero) Sexual Harassment 108

6.2.5 Cyber-Bullying 110

6.2.6 Negative Impacts of a Hostile School Environment 111

6.3 Impacts of a Positive School Environment 112

6.3.1 Academics 112

6.3.2 School and Community Engagement 113

6.3.3 Emotional and Physical Well-Being 114

6.4 Conclusion 115

References 116

7 Transforming School Cultures 121

7.1 Introduction 121

7.2 Understanding School Cultures 121

7.2.1 External Influences 122

7.2.2 Institutional Resistance 123

7.2.3 Internal Influences 124

7.3 Engaging the Whole School Community 125

7.3.1 Administrators and School Boards 125

7.3.2 Teachers and Support Staff 126

7.3.3 Students 127

7.3.4 Families and Community Members 127

7.4 Challenges and Solutions 128

7.4.1 Create Coalitions 128

7.4.2 Lay Foundations for Long-Term Change 129

7.4.3 Identify Priorities and Strategies 129

7.4.4 Sustain Your Spirit 130

7.5 Conclusion 131

7.6 Resources 131

7.6.1 School-Wide Interventions 132

7.6.2 Staff Development 134

7.6.3 K-12 Classroom 136

References 137

Appendix: Glossary of Terms 141

References 146

Author Index 147

Subject Index 151

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