Gender and Slave Emancipation in the Atlantic World

Gender and Slave Emancipation in the Atlantic World

by Pamela Scully
     
 

ISBN-10: 0822335948

ISBN-13: 9780822335948

Pub. Date: 10/04/2005

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

This groundbreaking collection provides the first comparative history of gender and emancipation in the Atlantic world. Bringing together essays on the United States, Brazil, Cuba, Puerto Rico, West Africa and South Africa, and the Francophone and Anglophone Caribbean, it shows that emancipation was a profoundly gendered process, produced through connections

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Overview

This groundbreaking collection provides the first comparative history of gender and emancipation in the Atlantic world. Bringing together essays on the United States, Brazil, Cuba, Puerto Rico, West Africa and South Africa, and the Francophone and Anglophone Caribbean, it shows that emancipation was a profoundly gendered process, produced through connections between race, gender, sexuality, and class. Contributors from the United States, Canada, Europe, the Caribbean, and Brazil explore how the processes of emancipation involved the re-creation of gender identities—the production of freedmen and freedwomen with different rights, responsibilities, and access to citizenship.

Offering detailed analyses of slave emancipation in specific societies, the contributors discuss all of the diverse actors in emancipation: slaves, abolitionists, free people of color, state officials, and slave owners. Whether considering the construction of a postslavery masculine subjectivity in Jamaica, the work of two white U.S. abolitionist women with the Freedmen’s Bureau after the Civil War, freedwomen’s negotiations of labor rights in Puerto Rico, slave women’s contributions to the slow unraveling of slavery in French West Africa, or the ways that Brazilian abolitionists deployed representations of femininity as virtuous and moral, these essays demonstrate the gains that a gendered approach offers to understanding the complex processes of emancipation. Some chapters also explore theories and methodologies that enable a gendered reading of postslavery archives. The editors’ substantial introduction traces the reasons for and patterns of women’s and men’s different experiences of emancipation throughout the Atlantic world.

Contributors. Martha Abreu, Sheena Boa, Bridget Brereton, Carol Faulkner, Roger Kittleson, Martin Klein, Melanie Newton, Diana Paton, Sue Peabody, Richard Roberts, Ileana M. Rodriguez-Silva, Hannah Rosen, Pamela Scully, Mimi Sheller, Marek Steedman, Michael Zeuske

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780822335948
Publisher:
Duke University Press Books
Publication date:
10/04/2005
Pages:
392
Product dimensions:
6.13(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction : gender and slave emancipation in comparative perspective1
Masculinity, citizenship, and the production of knowledge in the postemancipation cape colony, 1834-184437
Negresse, Mulatresse, Citoyenne : gender and emancipation in the French Caribbean, 1650-184856
Acting as free men : subaltern masculinities and citizenship in postslavery Jamaica79
Women and notions of womanhood in Brazilian abolitionism99
A nation's sin : white women and U.S. policy toward freedpeople121
Family strategies, gender, and the shift to wage labor in the British Caribbean143
Gender and emancipation in French West Africa162
Two stories of gender and slave emancipation in Cienfuegos and Santa Clara, Central Cuba : a microhistorical approach to the Atlantic world181
Libertos and Libertas in the construction of the free worker in postemancipation Puerto Rico199
Philanthropy, gender, and the production of public life in Barbados, ca. 1790-ca. 1850225
Young ladies and dissolute women : conflicting views of culture and gender in public entertainment, Kingstown, St. Vincent, 1838-1888247
Mulatas, Crioulos, and Morenas : racial hierarchy, gender relations, and national identity in postabolition popular song : southeastern Brazil, 1890-1920267
The rhetoric of miscegenation and the reconstruction of race : debating marriage, sex, and citizenship in postemancipation Arkansas289
Gender and the politics of the household in reconstruction Louisiana, 1865-1878310
Bibliographic essay328

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