Gender Roles: A Sociological Perspective / Edition 5

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For mid-to-upper level courses in Gender Roles, Introduction to Women's Studies, and Sociology of Sex Roles.

This text provides a balanced, non-polarized view of controversial issues that dispel gender myths and demonstrates how material can be meaningfully applied to a student’s personal life.

Focusing on the most recent research and theory—both in the U.S. and globally—Gender Roles provides an in-depth, survey and analysis of modern gender roles and issues from a sociological perspective while also integrating insights and research from other disciplines like biology, psychology, anthropology and history.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780132448307
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 3/17/2010
  • Series: MySearchLab Series for Sociology Series
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 528
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Linda L. Lindsey is Professor of Sociology at Maryville University of St. Louis and Professor of American Culture Studies, adj. at Washington University. She received her M.A. and Ph.D. in Sociology from Case Western Reserve University and a later M.A. in Education from St. Louis University. Her books include Gender Roles: A Sociological Perspective, Sociology (with Stephen Beach) and Preventing Ethnic Conflict: Successful Cross-National Strategies (with Irwin Deutscher). She works with the Asian Studies Development Program, a joint program of the East-West Center and University of Hawaii. She has received Fulbright-Hays awards and grants related to global education and research focusing on the developing world. She volunteers widely on behalf of women’s advocacy, health, and immigrant support. She received a Distinguished Alumni Award, from the University of Missouri-St. Louis and has been elected to Who’s Who of American Women and Who’s Who in America. She served as President of the Missouri Sociological Association.

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Table of Contents





Part I Theoretical and Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Chapter 1 The Sociology of Gender: Theoretical Perspectives and Feminist Frameworks

Chapter 2 Gender Development: Biology, Sexuality, and Health

Chapter 3 Gender Development: The Socialization Process

Chapter 4 Gendered Language and Socialization

Chapter 5 Western History and the Construction of Gender Roles

Chapter 6 Global Perspectives on Gender

Part II Gender Roles, Marriage, and the Family

Chapter 7 Gendered Love, Marriage, and Emerging Lifestyle

Chapter 8 Gender and Family Relations

Chapter 9 Men and Masculinity

Part III Gender Roles: Focus on Social Institutions

Chapter 10 Gender, Work, and the Workplace

Chapter 11 Education and Gender Role Change

Chapter 12 Religion and Patriarchy

Chapter 13 Media

Chapter 14 Power, Politics, and the Law


Part I Theoretical and Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Chapter 1 The Sociology of Gender: Theoretical Perspectives and Feminist Frameworks

Basic Sociological Concepts

Key Concepts for the Sociology of Gender

Distinguishing Sex and Gender

Sociological Perspectives on Gender Roles


Preindustrial Society

Contemporary Society

Conflict Theory

Marx, Engels, and Social Class

Contemporary Conflict Theory

Gender and the Family

Symbolic Interaction

Social Construction of Reality

Doing Difference

Feminist Sociological Theory

Linking Gender, Race, and Class

Feminist Perspectives on the Family

Feminism and its Branches

Liberal Feminism

Cultural Feminism

Socialist Feminism

Radical Feminism

Multicultural and Global Feminism


Feminism and the Media

Portrayals of Feminism

Feminism and Election 2008

Hillary Rodham Clinton

Challenging the Backlash to Feminism

Chapter 2 Gender Development: Biology, Sexuality, and Health
Nature and Nurture

Margaret Mead


Evolution, Genetics, and Biology


Cognitive Biology

The Hormone Puzzle



Gendered Sexuality

Sigmund Freud: Anatomy Is Destiny

Ambiguous Sex, Ambiguous Gender


Does Nature Rule? A Sex Reassignment Tragedy

Sexual Orientation

Global Focus: Challenging Definitions of Sex and Gender

Sexual Scripts

Patterns of Sexual Attitudes and Behavior

Gender and Orgasm

Premarital/Nonmarital Sex

Extramarital Relationships

The Double Standard

Sexuality in Later Life

Gender and Health

Till Death Do Us Part: Gender and Mortality

Global Patterns

In Sickness and in Health: Gender and Morbidity

Men and Morbidity

Women and Morbidity

Premenstrual Syndrome


Drug Use

Explaining Gendered Health Trends

The Women’s Health Movement

Challenging Gender Bias in Research

Progress in Women’s and Men’s Health

Nature versus Nurture Revisited: The Politics of Biology

The Female Advantage in Evolution

Reframing the Debate

Chapter 3 Gender Development: The Socialization Process

Gender Socialization and Cultural Diversity

Culture and Socialization

Gender Socialization: The Impact of Social Class and Race

Theories of Gender Socialization

Social Learning Theory

Gender Socialization for Boys

Gender Socialization for Girls

Cognitive Development Theory

Gender Schema Theory

Social Cognitive Theory

The Family

Do You Want a Boy or a Girl?

Gendered Childhood: Clothes, Toys, and Play


Toys and Gender Scripts

Gendered Parenting Practices

Peers and Preferences




Television Teaches

Socialization for Gender Equity

Global Focus: Son Preference in Asia


East and Southern Asia

Gendered Effects

Chapter 4 Gendered Language and Socialization

The Generic Myth

Titles and Occupations

What’s in a Name?

Children’s Names

Linguistic Derogation

Gendered Language Usage


Female Register

Male Register

The Language of Friendship

Nonverbal Communication

Facial Expressions and Eye Contact



Touch and Personal Space

Gender and Online Communication

Men Online

Women Online

Global Focus: The Language of Japanese Women

Style and Syntax


Explaining Gendered Language Patterns

The Dual-Culture Model

The Dominance Model

The Social Constructionist Model

The Impact of Linguistic Sexism

Cognition and Self-Esteem

Toward Language Change

Gradual Change

Chapter 5 Western History and the Construction of Gender Roles

Placing Women in History

The Gender, Race, and Class Link in History

Historical Themes about Women

Classical Societies

The Glory That Was Greece





The Grandeur That Was Rome

Male Authority

Female Power

The Middle Ages



The Renaissance

Martin Luther and the Reformation

The American Experience

The First American Women

Gender Role Balance

Colonization and Christianity

The Colonial Era

Gendered Puritan Life

The Victorians: True Womanhood

Frontier Life


The Union Movement

The Depression

World War II

Demand for Women’s Labor

Women’s Diversity in the Labor Force

What about the Children?


The Postwar Era to the Millennium

The Women’s Movement

The Early Movement: 1830 to 1890

The Seneca Falls Convention

The Nineteenth Amendment

The Contemporary Movement

Second Wave Feminism

National Organization for Women

Offshoot Groups

Third Wave Feminism

Chapter 6 Global Perspectives on Gender

The United Nations Conferences on Women

The Legacy of Beijing: A Personal Perspective

The Impact of Globalization on Women

A Model of Women and Development


The Soviet Legacy


The Collision of Family and Employment

Marriage and Family

Support or Backlash to Feminism?


Reform and the Chinese Family



The One-Child Policy

Son Preference

To Get Rich Is Glorious

The Gender Paradox of Globalization and Development


The Religious—Political Heritage

The Social Reform Movement

The Gandhis and Nehru

The Gender Gap in Human Development


Feminism in an Indian Context


The Occupation

Gender Equity and Public Policy

Work and Family: A Nondilemma

Marriage and the Family

Demography and Family Change

Japanese Men

Japanese Women


A Japanese Woman’s Profile

Latin America

The Gender Divide

Family Planning

Latin American Women, Globalization, and Development

Feminist Agendas

The Class—Gender Link


Religion, Family, and Employment



The Workplace

The Muslim World

Islamization: Iran and Afghanistan

The Shah and Khomeini

Toward Reform

The Arab Middle East

North Africa: Female Genital Mutilation

To Veil or Not to Veil




The Equality Future

Part II Gender Roles, Marriage, and the Family

Chapter 7 Gendered Love, Marriage, and Emerging Lifestyle


Linking Love and Marriage

Friends and Lovers

Defining Love

Distinguishing Love and Friendship

Same-Gender Friends

Other-Gender Friends

Gendered Love and Love Myths

Gender and Styles of Romance

Men in Love

Androgynous Love

Mate Selection

The Marriage Gradient



Race and SES


The Marriage Squeeze

African American Women

Sociological Perspectives on Mate Selection

Gender Roles in Marriage and the Family

The Marriage Gap

Theoretical Perspectives on Marriage and the Family


Conflict Theory

Feminist Perspective

Symbolic Interaction

Gender and the Family Values Debate


Housewife Status

The Issue of Housework

Global Trends

Dual Earners

Multicultural Variations

Extramarital Relationships

Gender Differences

Global Focus: The Second Wives of Hong Kong Men

Gender Roles in Emerging Marriages and Lifestyles


Equity Benefits

Commuter Marriage


Gender Differences


Gender Differences

Gender Stereotypes

Chapter 8 Gender and Family Relations

The Parenthood Transition


The Motherhood Mandate

Conflict Theory

Challenging the Motherhood Mandate



New Fathers

Children’s Development

A Fatherhood Mandate

Voluntary Childlessness

Parents as Dual Earners

Children of Employed Women

The Child Care Issue

Children’s Time with Parents



Helicopter Parents

Families in Multicultural Perspective

African American Families

The Myth of Black Matriarchy

Multiple Risks of Race, Class, and Gender

Latino Families

Puerto Rican Families

Mexican American Families

Cuban American Families

Asian American Families

Native American Families


Gender and Adjustment in Divorce

Gender Role Beliefs and Emotional Well-Being



The Impact of Gendered Law in Divorce



Divorce and Poverty

Dividing Assets

Child Support


Single-Parent Families

Mothers and the Single-Parent Household

Fathers and the Single-Parent Household

Gender Patterns in Gay and Lesbian Families

Same-Sex Marriage

Lesbian Mothers

Gay Fathers

Future Families

Chapter 9 Men and Masculinity

Historical Notes and Masculine Markers

Patriarchy and History

War and Soldiering

The Depression


Kuwait, Iraq, and Afghanistan



Brutalized Bodies

Sports Violence

On Masculinity

Hegemonic Masculinity

Masculinity’s Norms

Antifeminine Norm

Interpersonal Relations

Success Norm

Gendered Occupations

Intellectual Success

Toughness Norm

Aggression Norm

School Violence

Sexual Prowess Norm

Tenderness Norm

Images to Accept of Reject?


The Demography of Homophobia

The Risks of Race and Ethnicity Gender

Masculinity and Homophobic Labels

Gay Men

Gay Rights

Masculinity and Fatherhood

Images of Fatherhood


Parents as Partners

Men in the Delivery Room


Men at Middle Age and in Later Life


Midlife as Crisis

Women at Midlife

Men at Midlife




Gendered Violence



Profile of the Rapist

Rape on College Campus

Pornography and Rape

Masculinity and Rape

Why Doesn’t She Leave?

Sociological Perspectives

The Men’s Movement in the United States

National Organization of Men Against Sexism

Mythopoetic Men

African American Men

Promise Keepers

Toward the Future

Part III Gender Roles: Focus on Social Institutions

Chapter 10 Gender, Work, and the Workplace

Historical Overview

The Home as the Workplace

The Industrial Revolution

Victorian Myths

War and Jobs

Balancing Multiple Work and Family Roles

Employment and Health


Unpaid Work

Money and Mental Health


Gendered Institutions in Choice of Work

The Influence of Family on Workplace


Married with Children: The Demography of Career Achievement

Career versus Job

Economic Trends and the Family

The Legal System

Women in the Labor Force

Gender-Typing in Occupational Distribution

Women in the Professions

White Collar Women

The Wage Gap

Triple Jeopardy: Gender, Race, and Social Class

The Human Capital Model

Symbolic Interaction and Conflict Theory


Corporate Women

Corporate Barriers

The Glass Ceiling

Toward Corporate Success

Women Business Owners

Gendered Management Styles: The Partnership Alternative

Global Focus: Microenterprise and Women

Women and Microcredit

Chapter 11 Education and Gender Role Change

A Brief Lesson in History

The Enlightenment

Progressive Education

The Process of Education

Kindergarten and Early Childhood Education

Elementary and Middle School

Jane and the Gendered Curriculum

Dick and the Gendered Curriculum

High School

Gender and Mathematics

Social Class and Race

Gender Diversity: Race, Self-Esteem, and Academic Achievement

Gendered Tracking and Vocational Education

Gender in the Hidden CurriculumAthletics and Masculinity

Higher Education

The Gendered College Classroom

Major and Career Paths

Graduate School

Academic Women


Gender Issues in Education

Shortchanged Students: Boys or Girls in Educational Crisis?

Assessing the Boy Crisis

College Entrance Exams

College Enrollment: Race, Social Class, and Age

What a Degree Buys

Single-Gender Education

Sexual Harassment in Schools

Sexual Harassment or Bullying?

Gender Parity in College

The Lessons of Title IX

Global Focus: The Developing World’s Gender Gap in Education

Chapter 12 Religion and Patriarchy

Rediscovering the Feminine Face of God

Goddess Images

Women’s Religious Roles

Goddess as Creator



The Principle of Gender Complementarity



Feminist Views of Islam

Islamic Women in the United States


The Feminine in Hindu Scripture



Family Life

Sexuality and Social Control

The Texts of Terror

Contemporary Images


The Bible and Patriarchy

The Writings of Paul

Biblical Men

Alternative Views of Biblical Women

Gender Roles and American Christians

American Protestants

American Catholics

Gender, Religiosity, and Leadership

Gender and Religious Orientation

Sociological Perspectives

The Issue of Ordination

Confucianism and Islam





Clergy Women as Leaders

Toward an Inclusive Theology

The Language of Religion

Reinterpretation of Scripture

Feminist Theology

Chapter 13 Media

Print Media





Subtlety and Subliminals

Age and Gender

The Business of Beauty


Screen History

Good Women and Bad Women

James Bond and “His Girls”

Pairing Sex and Violence

Aging Females, Ageless Males

Gender Parity and Portrayal


Rock Music

The Women of Rock

Challenges to Misogyny

MTV and Music Videos


Gendered Violence

Prime Time

Invisible Women

Intersecting Gender, Race, and Ethnicity

Comedy and Reality TV

Beauty and Age

Employed Women

Soap Operas

TVs Gendered Exceptions


Men’s Images in Media




Situation Comedies: Men in Families

TV’s Gender, Race, and Class Link

Working Class Men

Changing Images

Gender and Mass Media Industries


Broadcast Journalism



Media and Social Change

Changing for Profit and Social Progress

Women as Media Executives

Chapter 14 Power, Politics, and the Law

The Law



Disparate Impact

Equal Pay Act

Comparable Worth

Affirmative Action

The Gender—Race Link
The Courts

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

Education and Title IX

The Courts


Benefits to Females

Sexual Harassment

The Thomas—Hill Controversy

Domestic Relations


Family Economics

Domestic Abuse and the Courts

Reproductive Rights

Legal History





Criminal Justice

Prostitution: A Case Study


The Gender Gap

Gender and Public Office

Women in Office


Barriers to the Female Candidate

Socialization Factors

Beliefs about Women’s Roles

Structural Barriers

Race and Gender in Election 2008

The Primary Election

The General Election

HRC: The Hillary Factor

The Equal Rights Amendment

Ratification’s Rocky Path

Issues of Interpretation

The Draft

ERA Campaign Network

Feminism in the Twenty-First Century

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