Gender, War and Politics: Transatlantic Perspectives, 1775-1830

Overview

In the period between 1775 and 1830 the transatlantic world experienced more or less constant war, touching not only every European country but also North and South America and the Caribbean Islands. The Wars of Revolution and Liberation, inspired by revolutionary or national ideologies, were increasingly fought by conscripted troops and militias alongside professional armies. The conduct of warfare was transformed, as mass armies were deployed by both revolutionary and conservative regimes, deeply affecting the ...

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Overview

In the period between 1775 and 1830 the transatlantic world experienced more or less constant war, touching not only every European country but also North and South America and the Caribbean Islands. The Wars of Revolution and Liberation, inspired by revolutionary or national ideologies, were increasingly fought by conscripted troops and militias alongside professional armies. The conduct of warfare was transformed, as mass armies were deployed by both revolutionary and conservative regimes, deeply affecting the political, social and gender order of the societies involved. Not only soldiers but also civilians - men and women alike - had to be mobilized on an unprecedented scale. This volume addresses the relationship between these wars, developing political and national identities and the changing gender regimes of Europe and the Americas. Looking at both free and slave societies, it explores military and civilian experiences of war and revolution, which shaped as well as reflected gender concepts and practices, in relation to class, ethnicity, race and religion.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"The unparalleled transatlantic approach of this volume cracks open the previously sealed boxes of gender, slavery, warfare, and commemoration and in so doing revolutionizes the study of one of the most crucial moments in all of world history." - Lynn Hunt, Eugen Weber Professor of Modern European History, UCLA
"A very good collection of substantial chapters that provide a sweeping perspective on gender and the age of revolution, from America, through France, Britain and Germany, to Latin America. These essays demonstrate how the wars that convulsed the Atlantic world, together with revolutions, were the occasion for fundamental changes in notions of masculine citizenship. The authors argue that women were not just passive witnesses, but participated in wars as patriots, provisioners to armies, critics, mothers, and even soldiers." - Anna Clark, University of Minnesota
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Product Details

Meet the Author

KAREN HAGEMANN is James G. Kenan Distinguished Professor in theDepartment of History, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA

GISELA METTELE is a Lecturer in theCentre for Urban Studies at theSchool of Historical Studies, University of Leicester, UK

JANE RENDALL is Honorary Fellow at theCentre for Eighteenth Century Studies, University of York, UK

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Table of Contents

Foreword to the Series vii

Notes on Contributors viii

List of Illustrations xiv

Preface xv

Introduction: Gender, War and Politics: Transatlantic Perspectives on the Wars of Revolution and Liberation, 1775-1830 Karen Hagemann Jane Rendall 1

Part I Empire, Colonial War and Slavery

1 Revolution, War, Empire: Gendering the Transatlantic Slave Trade, 1776-1830 David Eltis 41

2 Gendered Freedom: Citoyennes and War in the Revolutionary French Caribbean Laurent Dubois 58

3 Freedwomen's Familial Politics: Marriage, War and Rites of Registry in Post-Emancipation Saint-Domingue Elizabeth Colwill 71

Part II Masculinity, Revolution and War

4 Citizenship, Honour and Masculinity: Military Qualities under the French Revolution and Empire Alan Forrest 93

5 In the Shadow of the Citizen-Soldier: Politics and Gender in Dutch Officers' Careers, 1780-1815 Stefan Dudink 110

6 John Bull into Battle: Military Masculinity and the British Army Officer during the Napoleonic Wars Catriona Kennedy 127

7 Middle-Class Masculinity in an Immigrant Diaspora: War, Revolution and Russia's Ethnic Germans Alexander M. Martin 147

Part III Warfare, Civil Society and Women

8 Bearing Arms, Bearing Burdens: Women Warriors, Camp Followers and Home-Front Heroines of the American Revolution Holly A. Mayer 169

9 'Habits Appropriate to Her Sex': The Female Military Experience in France during the Age of Revolution Thomas Cardoza 188

10 Maintaining the Home Front: Widows, Wives and War in Late Eighteenth-Century Cuba Sherry Johnson 206

Part IV Patriotism, Citizenship and Nation-Building

11 Patriotism in Practice: War and Gender Roles in Republican Hamburg, 1750-1815 Katherine B. Aaslestad 227

12 'Thinking Minds of Both Sexes': Patriotism, British Bluestockings and the Wars against Revolutionary America and France, 1775-1802 Emma V. Macleod 247

13 Women Writing War and Empire: Gender, Poetry and Politics in Britain during the Napoleonic Wars Jane Rendall 265

14 Celebrating War and Nation: Gender, Patriotism and Festival Culture during and after the Prussian Wars of Liberation Karen Hagemann 284

Part V Demobilization, Commemoration and Memory

15 Gender, Loyalty and Virtue in a Colonial Context: The War of 1812 and Its Aftermath in Upper Canada Cecilia Morgan 307

16 Masculinity, Race and Citizenship: Soldiers' Memories of the American Revolution Gregory T. Knouff 325

17 'Drying Their Tears': Women's Petitions, National Reconciliation and Commemoration in Post-Independence Chile Sarah C. Chambers 343

Index 361

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