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The Gendered Worlds of Latin American Women Workers examines the lives of Latin American women who entered factory labor in increasing numbers in the early part of the twentieth century. Emphasizing the integration of traditional labor history topics with historical accounts of gender, female subjectivity, and community, this volume focuses on the experience of working women at mid-century, especially those laboring in the urban industrial sector. In its exploration of working women’s agency and consciousness, this collection offers rich detail regarding women’s lives as daughters, housewives, mothers, factory workers, trade union leaders, and political activists.
Widely seen as a hostile sexualized space, the modern factory was considered a threat, not only to the virtue of working women, but also to the survival of the family, and thus, the future of the nation. Yet working-class women continued to labor outside the home and remained highly visible in the expanding world of modern industry. In nine essays dealing with Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and Guatemala, the contributors make extensive use of oral histories to describe the contradictory experiences of women whose work defied gender prescriptions but was deemed necessary by working-class families in a world of need and scarcity. The volume includes discussion of previously neglected topics such as single motherhood, women’s struggle against domestic violence, and the role of women as both desiring and desired subjects.
Contributors. Ann Farnsworth-Alvear, Mary Lynn Pedersen Cluff, John D. French, Daniel James, Thomas Miller Klubock, Deborah Levenson-Estrada, Mirta Zaida Lobato, Heidi Tinsman, Theresa R. Veccia, Barbara Weinstein
"Collection of well-researched articles effectively combines gender history and labor history and includes specialized studies of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and Guatemala. Each article is thoroughly footnoted, revealing broadly-based sources including interviews, memoirs, and government publications, as well as authors' extensive reading in comparable published studies and theoretical literature. Editors also contribute introductory and concluding essays rich in historiographical and methodological insights"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 58.
"This work portrays the richly textured world of twentieth-century working women. They recall their memories of labor in male-dominated factories where they challenged pervading paternalistic attitudes. Their moving and intimate narratives are aptly contextualized by a group of historians deeply committed to creating a gendered view of a field previously dominated by men’s views and memories. A splendid collection."—Asunción Lavrin, Arizona State University
|Squaring the Circle: Women's Factory Labor, Gender Ideology, and Necessity||1|
|"Tales Told Out on the Borderlands": Dona Maria's Story, Oral History, and Issues of Gender||31|
|Women Workers in the "Cathedrals of Corned Beef": Structure and Subjectivity in the Argentine Meatpacking Industry||53|
|Unskilled Worker, Skilled Housewife: Constructing the Working-Class Woman in Sao Paulo, Brazil||72|
|"My Duty as a Woman": Gender Ideology, Work, and Working-Class Women's Lives in Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1900-1950||100|
|Talking, Fighting, Flirting: Workers' Sociability in Medellin Textile Mills, 1935-1950||147|
|Women and Working-Class Mobilization in Postwar Sao Paulo, 1945-1948||176|
|The Loneliness of Working-Class Feminism: Women in the "Male World" of Labor Unions, Guatemala City, 1970s||208|
|Morality and Good Habits: The Construction of Gender and Class in the Chilean Copper Mines, 1904-1951||232|
|Household Patrones: Wife-Beating and Sexual Control in Rural Chile, 1964-1988||264|
|Oral History, Identity Formation, and Working-Class Mobilization||297|