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General Chemistry

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Overview

Extensive revised and updated 3rd edition of classic first-year text by Nobel Laureate. Atomic and molecular structure, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, thermodynamics correlated with descriptive chemistry. Problems. 75 pages of appendixes.
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General Chemistry

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Overview

Extensive revised and updated 3rd edition of classic first-year text by Nobel Laureate. Atomic and molecular structure, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, thermodynamics correlated with descriptive chemistry. Problems. 75 pages of appendixes.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780486656229
  • Publisher: Dover Publications
  • Publication date: 4/1/1988
  • Series: Dover Books on Chemistry Series
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 992
  • Sales rank: 209,271
  • Product dimensions: 5.38 (w) x 8.44 (h) x 1.86 (d)

Meet the Author

Linus Pauling: Two-Time Nobel Laureate
In 1985 Dover reprinted Introduction to Quantum Mechanics with Applications to Chemistry, a well-known older book by Linus Pauling and E. Bright Wilson. This book had been first published fifty years earlier and remarkably still found readers in 1985, and still does today, twenty-five years further on.

The first edition of Pauling's General Chemistry was a short book of less than 250 pages published in 1944, during World War II. Three years later, it had more than doubled in size to almost 600 pages, and the 1953 edition was over 700 pages. Fifteen years later, for the 1970 edition, it reached its final size and configuration at almost 1,000 pages ― and that is the edition which Dover reprinted in 1988. Dr. Pauling's one request at that time was that we keep the price affordable for students.

Linus Pauling is of course the only Dover author to win two Nobel prizes, for Chemistry in 1954 and for Peace in 1962; he is the only winner in history of two unshared Nobel Prizes.

In the Author's Own Words:
"Satisfaction of one's curiosity is one of the greatest sources of happiness in life."

"Do unto others 20% better than you would expect them to do unto you, to correct for subjective error."

"The way to get good ideas is to get lots of ideas, and throw the bad ones away."

"Facts are the air of scientists. Without them you can never fly." — Linus Pauling

Critical Acclaim for General Chemistry:
"An excellent text, highly recommended." — Choice

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Table of Contents

Preface
1 The Nature and Properties of Matter
  1-1 Matter and Chemistry
  1-2 Mass and Energy
  1-3 The International System of Units
  1-4 Temperature
  1-5 Kinds of Matter
  1-6 The Physical Properties of Substances
  1-7 The Chemical Properties of Substances
  1-8 The Scientific Method
2 The Atomic and Molecular Structure of Matter
  2-1 "Hypotheses, Theories, and Laws"
  2-2 The Atomic Theory
  2-3 Modern Methods of Studying Atoms and Molecules
  2-4 The Arrangement of Atoms in a Crystal
  2-5 The Description of a Crystal Structure
  2-6 Crystal Symmetry; the Crystal Systems
  2-7 The Molecular Structure of Matter
3 "The Electron, the Nuclei of Atoms, and the Photon"
  3-1 The Nature of Electricity
  3-2 The Discovery of the Electron
  3-3 The Discovery of of X-rays and Radioactivity
  3-4 The Nuclei of Atoms
  3-5 The Birth of the Quantum Theory
  3-6 The Photoelectric Effect and the Photon
  3-7 The Diffraction of X-rays by Crystals
  3-8 Electron Wave Character and Electron Spin
  3-9 What Is Light? What Is an Electron?
  3-10 The Uncertainty Principle
4 Elements and Compounds. Atomic and Molecular Masses
  4-1 The Chemical Elements
  4-2 The Neutron. The Structure of Nuclei
  4-3 Chemical Reactions
  4-4 Nuclidic Masses and Atomic Weights
  4-5 Avogadro's Number. The Mole
  4-6 Examples of Weight-relation Calculations
  4-7 Determination of Atomic Weights by Chemical Method
  4-8 Determination of Atomic Weights by Use of the Mass Spectrograph
  4-9 Determination of Nuclidic Masses by Nuclear Reactions
  4-10 The Discovery of the Correct Atomic Weights. Isomorphism
5 Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table of the Elements
  5-1 The Bohr Theory of the Hydrogen Atom
  5-2 Excitation and Ionization Energies
  5-3 The Wave-mechanical Description of Atoms
  5-4 The Periodic Table of the Elements
  5-5 Electron Energy as the Basis of the Periodic Table
  5-6 The History of the Periodic Table
6 The Chemical Bond
  6-1 The Nature of Covalence
  6-2 The Structure of Covalent Compounds
  6-3 The Direction of Valence Bonds in Space
  6-4 Tetrahedral Bond Orbitals
  6-5 Bond Orbitals with Large p Character
  6-6 Molecules and Crystals of the Nonmetallic Elements
  6-7 Resonance
  6-8 Ionic Valence
  6-9 The Partial Ionic Character of Covalent Bonds
  6-10 The Electronegativity Scale of the Elements
  6-11 Heats of Formation and Relative Electronegativity of Atoms
  6-12 The Electroneutrality Principle
  6-13 The Sizes of Atoms and Molecules.
      Covalent Radii and van der Waals Radii
  6-14 Oxidation Numbers of Atoms
7 The Nonmetallic Elements and Some Their Compounds
  7-1 The Elementary Substances
  7-2 Hydrides of Nonmetals. Hydrocarbons
  7-3 Hydrocarbons Containing Double Bonds and Triple Bonds
  7-4 Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Benzene
  7-5 Amnonia and Its Compounds
  7-6 Other Normal-valence Componds of the Nonmetals
  7-7 Some Transargononic Single-bonded Compounds
  7-8 The Argonons
8 Oxygen Compounds of Nonmetallic Elements
  8-1 The Oxycompounds of the Halogens
  8-2 "Oxycompounds of Sulfur, Selenium, and Tellurim"
  8-3 "Oxycompounds of Phosphorus, Arsenic, Antimony, and Bismuth"
  8-4 Oxycompounds of Nitrogen
  8-5 Oxycompounds of Carbon
  8-6 Molecules containing Bivalent Carbon. Free Radicals
  8-7 Unstable and Highly Reactive Molecules
9 Gases: Quantum Mechanics and Statistical Mechanics
  9-1 The Perfect-gas Equation
  9-2 Quantum Mechanics of a Monatomic Gas
  9-3 The Wave Equation
  9-4 The Kinetic Theory of Gases
  9-5 The Distribution Law for Molecular Velocities
  9-6 The Boltzmann Distribution Law
  9-7 Deviations of Real Gases from Ideal Behavior
10 Chemical Thermodynamics
  10-1 Heat and Work. Energy and Enthalpy
  10-2 The First Law of Thermodynamics
  10-3 "Heat Capacity. Heats of Fusion, Vaporization, and Transition"
  10-4 Entropy. The Probable State of an Isolated System
  10-5 The Absolute Entropy of a Perfect Gas
  10-6 Reversible and Irreversible Changes in State
  10-7 The Efficiency of a Heat Engine
  10-8 Change in Entropy of Any System with Temperature
  10-9 The Third Law of Thermodynamics
  10-10 The Heat Capacity of Diatomic Gases
  10-11 Quantum States of the Rigid Rotator
  10-12 The Rotational Entropy of Diatomic Gases
  10-13 Quantum States of the Harmonic Oscillator
  10-14 Vibrational States of Diatomic Molecules
  10-15 "Energy, Heat Capacity, and Entropy of a Harmonic Oscillator"
  10-16 The Quantum Theory of Low-temperature Heat Capacity of Crystals
11 Chemical Equilibrium
  11-1 The Thermodynamic Conditon for Chemical Equilibrium
  11-2 The Vapor Pressure of a Liquid or Crystal
  11-3 "Entropy of Transition, Fusion, and Vaporization"
  11-4 Van der Waals Forces. Melting Points and Boiling Points
  11-5 Chemical Equilibrium in Gases
  11-6 Change of Equilibrium with Temperature
  11-7 Equilibrium in Heterogeneous Systems
  11-8 Le Chatelier's Principle
  11-9 The Phase Rule-a Method of Classifying All Systems in Equilibrium
  11-10 The Conditions under Which a Reaction Proceeds to Completion
12 Water
  12-1 The Composition of Water
  12-2 The Water Molecule
  12-3 The Properties of Water
  12-4 The Hydrogen Bond-the Cause of the Unusual Properties of Water
  12-5 The Entropy of Ice
  12-6 The Importance of Water as an Electrolytic Solvent
  12-7 Heavy Water
  12-8 Deviation of Water and Some Other Liquids from Hildebrand's Rule
  12-9 The Dense Forms of Ice
  12-10 The Phase Diagram of Water
13 The Properties of Solutions
  13-1 Types of Solutions. Nomenclature
  13-2 Solubility
  13-3 The Dependence of Solubility on the Nature of Solute and Solvent
  13-4 Solubility of Salts and Hydroxides
  13-5 The Solubility-Product Principle
  13-6 The Solubility of Gases in Liquids: Henry's Law
  13-7 The Freezing Point and Boiling Point of Solution
  13-8 The Vapor Pressure of Solutions: Raoult's Law
  13-9 The Osmotic Pressure of Solutions
  13-10 The Escaping Tendency and the Chemical Potential
  13-11 The Properties of Ionic Solutions
  13-12 Colloidal Solutions
14 Acids and Bases
  14-1 Hydronium-ion (Hydrogen-ion) Concentration
  14-2 The Equilibrium between Hydrogen Ion and Hydroxide Ion in Aqueous Solution
  14-3 Indicators
  14-4 Equivalent Weights of Acids and Bases
  14-5 Week Acids and Bases
  14-6 The Titration of Weak Acids and Bases
  14-7 Buffered Solutions
  14-8 The Strengths of the Oxygen Acids
  14-9 The Solution of Carbonates in Acid; Hard Water
  14-10 The Precipitation of Sulfides
  14-11 Nonaqueous Amphiprotic Solvents
15 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions. Electrolysis
  15-1 The Electrolytic Decomposition of Molten Salts
  15-2 The Electrolysis of and Aqueous Salt Solution
  15-3 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
  15-4 Quantitative Relations in Electrolysis
  15-5 The Electromotive-force Series of the Elements
  15-6 Equilibrium Constants for Oxidation-Reduction Couples
  15-7 The Dependence of the Elctomotive Force of Cells on Concentration
  15-8 Primary Cells and Storage Cells
  15-9 Electrolytic Production of Elements
  15-10 The Reduction of Ores. Metallurgy
16 The Rate of Chemical Reactions
  16-1 Factors Influencing the Rate of Reactions
  16-2 The Rate of a First-order Reaction at Constant Temperature
  16-3 Reactions of Higher Order
  16-4 Mechanism of Reactions. Dependence of Reaction Rate on Temperature
  16-5 Catalysis
  16-6 Kinetics of Enzyme Reactions
  16-7 Chain Reactions
17 The Nature of Metals and Alloys
  17-1 The Metallic Elements
  17-2 The Structure of Metals
  17-3 The Nature of the Transition Metals
  17-4 The Metallic State
  17-5 Metallic Valence
  17-6 The Free-electron Theory of Metals
  17-7 The Nature of Alloys
  17-8 Experimental Methods of Studying Alloys
  17-9 Interstitial Solid Solutions and Substitutional Solid Solutions
  17-10 Physical Metallurgy
18 "Lithium, Beryllium, Boron, and Silicon and Their Congeners"
  18-1 "The Electronic Structures of Lithium, Beryllium, Boron, and Silicon and Their Congeners"
  18-2 "Radius Ratio, Ligancy, and the Properties of Substances"
  18-3 The Alkali Metals and Their Compounds
  18-4 The Alkaline-earth Metals and Their Compounds
  18-5 Boron
  18-6 "The Boranes, Electron-deficient Substances"
  18-7 Aluminum and Its Congeners
  18-8 Silicon and Its Simpler Compounds
  18-9 Silicon Dioxide
  18-10 Sodium Silicate and other Silicates
  18-11 The Silicate Minerals
  18-12 Glass
  18-13 Cement
  18-14 The Silicones
  18-15 Germanium
  18-16 Tin
  18-17 Lead
19 Inorganic Complexes and the Chemistry of the Transiton Metals
  19-1 The Nature of Inorganic Complexes
  19-2 "Tetrahedral, Octahedral, and Square Bond Orbitals"
  19-3 Ammonia Complexes
  19-4 Cyanide Complexes
  19-5 Complex Halides and Other Complex Ions
  19-6 Hydroxide Complexes
  19-7 Sulfide Complexes
  19-8 The Quantitive Treatment of Complex Formation
  19-9 Polydentate Complexing Agents
  19-10 The Structure and Stability of Carbonyls and Other Covalent Complexes of the Transition Metals
  19-11 Polynuclear Complexes
20 "Iron, Cobalt, Nickel, and the Platinum Metals"
  20-1 "The Electronic Structures and Oxidation States of Iron, Cobalt, Nickel, and the Platinum Metals"
  20-2 Iron
  20-3 Steel
  20-4 Compounds of Iron
  20-5 Cobalt
  20-6 Nickel
  20-7 The Platinum Metals
21 "Copper, Zinc, and Gallium and Their Congeners"
  21-1 "The Electronic Structures and Oxidation States of Copper, Silver, and Gold"
  21-2 "The Properties of Copper, Silver, and Gold"
  21-3 The Compounds of Copper
  21-4 The Compounds of Silver
  21-5 Photochemistry and Photography
  21-6 The Compounds of Gold
  21-7 Color and Mixed Oxidation States
  21-8 "The Properties and Uses of Zinc, Cadmium, and Mercury"
  21-9 Compounds of Zinc and Cadmium
  21-10 Compounds of Mercury
  21-11 "Gallium, Indium, and Thallium"
22 "Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, and Manganese and Their Congeners"
  22-1 "The Electronic Structures of Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, and Manganese and Their Congeners"
  22-2 "Titanium, Zirconium, Hafnium, and Thorium"
  22-3 "Vanadium, Niobium, Tantalum, and Protactinium"
  22-4 Superconductivity
  22-5 Chromium
  22-6 The Congeners of Chromium
  22-7 Managanese
  22-8 Acid-forming and Base-forming Oxides and Hydroxides
  22-9 The Congeners of Manganese
23 Organic Chemistry
  23-1 The Nature and Extent of Organic Chemistry
  23-2 Petroleum and the Hydrocarbons
  23-3 Alcohols and Phenols
  23-4 Aldehydes and Ketones
  23-5 The Organic Acids and Their Esters
  23-6 Amines and Other Organic Compounds of Nitrogen
  23-7 "Carbohydrates, Sugars, Polysaccharides"
  23-8 Fibers and Plastics
24 Biochemistry
  24-1 The Nature of Life
  24-2 The Structure of Living Organisms
  24-3 Amino Acids and Protiens
  24-4 Nucleic Acids. The Chemistry of Heredity
  24-5 Metabolic Processes. Enzymes and Their Action
  24-6 Vitamins
  24-7 Hormones
  24-8 Chemistry and Medicine
25 The Chemistry of the Fundamental Particles
  25-1 The Classification of the Fundemental Particles
  25-2 The Discovery of the Fundemental Particles
  25-3 The Forces between Nucleons. Strong Interactions
  25-4 The Structure of Nucleons
  25-5 Leptons and Antileptons
  25-6 Mesons and Antimesons
  25-7 Baryons and Antibaryons
  25-8 The Decay Reactions of the Fundemental Particles
  25-9 Strangeness (Xenicity)
  25-10 Resonance Particles and Complexes
  25-11 The Structure of the Fundamental Particles. Quarks
  25-12 "Positronium, Muonium, Mesonic Atoms"
26 Nuclear Chemistry
  26-1 Natural Radioactivity
  26-2 The Age of the Earth
  26-3 Artificial Radioactivity
  26-4 The Kinds of Nuclear Reactions
  26-5 The Use of Radioactive Elements as Tracers
  26-6 Dating Objects by Use of Carbon
  26-7 The Properties of Nucleides
  26-8 The Shell Model of Nuclear Structure
  26-9 The Helion-Triton Model
  26-10 Nuclear Fission and Nuclear Fusion
  Appendixes
  I. Units of Measurement
  II. Values of Some Physical and Chemical Constants
  III. Symmetry of Molecules and Crystals
  IV. X-rays and Crystal Structure
  V. Hydrogenlike Orbitals
  VI. Russel-Saunders States of Atoms Allowed by the Pauli Exclusion Principle
  VII. Hybrid Bond Orbitals
  VIII. Bond Energy and Bond-dissociation Energy
  IX. The Vapor Pressure of Water
  X. An Alternitive Derivation of the Boltzmann Distribution Law
  XI. The Boltzmann Dristribution Law in Classical Mechanics
  XII. The Entropy of a Perfect Gas
  XIII. Electric Polarizabilities and Electric Dipole Moments
  XIV. The Magnetic Properties of Substances
  XV. Values of Thermodynamic Properties of Some Substances at 25°C and 1 atm
  XVI. Selected Readings
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  • Anonymous

    Posted February 21, 2003

    Superb introductory chemistry text

    Pauling's writing style is engaging, with just the right mix of technical content, historical treatment, and editorial. The problems included with the text reinforce the subject matter without being too facile. The main drawback is that some of the material is now dated. In particular, some of the physical constants in the text are not longer accurate. Keeping this in mind, this work will serve as a wonderful reference, as well as a great introduction to the subject. As with most Dover publications, an excellent value!!

    2 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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    Posted May 13, 2013

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