General, Organic & Biological Chemistry / Edition 2

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Overview

This text is different—by design. By relating fundamental concepts of general, organic, and biological chemistry to the everyday world, Jan Smith effectively engages students with bulleted lists, extensive illustrations, and step-by-step problem solving. Smith writes with an approach that delivers need-to-know information in a succinct style for today’s students. Armed with an excellent illustration program full of macro-to-micro art, as well as many applications to biological, medical, consumer, and environmental topics, this book is a powerhouse of learning for students.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780073402789
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  • Publication date: 1/13/2012
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 944
  • Sales rank: 162,595
  • Product dimensions: 9.30 (w) x 11.00 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Matter and Measurement1.1 Chemistry—The Science of Everyday Experience1.2 States of Matter1.3 Classification of Matter1.4 Measurement1.5 Significant Figures1.6 Scientific Notation1.7 Problem Solving Using the Factor–Label Method1.8 Focus on Health and Medicine: Problem Solving Using Clinical Conversion Factors1.9 Temperature1.10 Density and Specific GravityChapter 2: Atoms and the Periodic Table2.1 Elements2.2 Structure of the Atom2.3 Isotopes2.4 The Periodic Table2.5 Electronic Structure2.6 Electronic Configurations2.7 Valence Electrons2.8 Periodic TrendsChapter 3: Ionic Compounds3.1 Introduction to Bonding3.2 Ions3.3 Ionic Compounds3.4 Naming Ionic Compounds 3.5 Physical Properties of Ionic Compounds3.6 Polyatomic IonsChapter 4: Covalent Compounds4.1 Introduction to Covalent Bonding4.2 Lewis Structures4.3 Exceptions to the Octet Rule4.4 Resonance4.5 Naming Covalent Compounds4.6 Molecular Shape4.7 Electronegativity and Bond Polarity4.8 Polarity of Molecules4.9 Focus on Health and Medicine: Covalent Drugs and Medical ProductsChapter 5: Chemical Reactions5.1 Introduction to Chemical Reactions5.2 Balancing Chemical Equations5.3 The Mole and Avogadro’s Number5.4 Mass to Mole Conversions5.5 Mole Calculations in Chemical Equations5.6 Mass Calculations in Chemical Equations5.7 Percent Yield5.8 Limiting Reactants5.9 Oxidation and Reduction5.10 Focus on Health and Medicine: PacemakersChapter 6: Energy Changes, Reaction Rates, and Equilibrium6.1 Energy6.2 Energy Changes in Reactions6.3 Energy Diagrams6.4 Reaction Rates6.5 Equilibrium6.6 Le Châtelier’s Principle6.7 Focus on the Human Body: Body TemperatureChapter 7: Gases, Liquids, and Solids 7.1 The Three States of Matter7.2 Gases and Pressure7.3 Gas Laws That Relate Pressure, Volume, and Temperature7.4 Avogadro’s Law—How Volume and Moles Are Related7.5 The Ideal Gas Law7.6 Dalton’s Law and Partial Pressures7.7 Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point, and Melting Point 7.8 The Liquid State7.9 The Solid State7.10 Energy and Phase Changes 7.11 Heating and Cooling Curves Chapter 8: Solutions8.1 Introduction8.2 Solubility—General Features8.3 Solubility—Effects of Temperature and Pressure8.4 Concentration Units—Percent Concentration8.5 Concentration Units—Molarity8.6 Dilution8.7 Colligative Properties8.8 Osmosis and DialysisChapter 9: Acids and Bases9.1 Introduction to Acids and Bases9.2 The Reaction of a Brønsted–Lowry Acid with a Brønsted–Lowry Base9.3 Acid and Base Strength9.4 Equilibrium and Acid Dissociation Constants9.5 Dissociation of Water9.6 The pH Scale9.7 Common Acid–Base Reactions9.8 The Acidity and Basicity of Salt Solutions9.9 Titration9.10 Buffers9.11 Focus on the Human Body: Buffers in the BloodChapter 10: Nuclear Chemistry10.1 Introduction10.2 Nuclear Reactions10.3 Half-Life10.4 Detecting and Measuring Radiation10.5 Focus on Health and Medicine: Medical Uses of Radioisotopes10.6 Nuclear Fission and Nuclear Fusion10.7 Focus on Health and Medicine: Medical Imaging Without RadioactivityChapter 11: Introduction to Organic Molecules and Functional Groups11.1 Introduction to Organic Chemistry11.2 Characteristic Features of Organic Compounds11.3 Shapes of Organic Molecules11.4 Drawing Organic Molecules11.5 Functional Groups11.6 Properties of Organic Compounds11.7 Focus on Health and Medicine: VitaminsChapter 12: Alkanes12.1 Introduction12.2 Simple Alkanes12.3 An Introduction to Nomenclature12.4 Alkane Nomenclature12.5 Cycloalkanes12.6 Focus on the Environment—Fossil Fuels12.7 Physical Properties12.8 Focus on the Environment: CombustionChapter 13: Unsaturated Hydrocarbons13.1 Alkenes and Alkynes13.2 Nomenclature of Alkenes and Alkynes13.3 Cis–Trans Isomers13.4 Interesting Alkenes in Food and Medicine13.5 Focus on Health and Medicine: Oral Contraceptives13.6 Reactions of Alkenes13.7 Focus on Health and Medicine: Margarine or Butter? 13.8 Polymers—The Fabric of Modern Society13.9 Aromatic Compounds13.10 Nomenclature of Benzene Derivatives13.11 Focus on Health and Medicine: Aromatic Drugs, Sunscreens, and Carcinogens13.12 Focus on Health and Medicine: Phenols and Antioxidants13.13 Reactions of Aromatic CompoundsChapter 14: Organic Compounds that Contain Oxygen, Halogen, or Sulfur14.1 Introduction14.2 Structure and Properties of Alcohols14.3 Nomenclature of Alcohols14.4 Interesting Alcohols14.5 Reactions of Alcohols14.6 Focus on Health and Medicine: Ethanol, the Most Widely Abused Drug14.7 Structure and Properties of Ethers14.8 Focus on Health and Medicine: Ethers as Anesthetics14.9 Alkyl Halides14.10 Organic Compounds That Contain SulfurChapter 15: The Three-Dimensional Shape of Molecules15.1 Isomers—A Review15.2 Looking Glass Chemistry—Molecules and Their Mirror Images15.3 Chirality Centers15.4 Chirality Centers in Cyclic Compounds 15.5 Focus on Health and Medicine: Chiral Drugs15.6 Fischer Projections15.7 Optical Activity15.8 Compounds With Two or More Chirality Centers 15.9 Focus on the Human Body: The Sense of Smell Chapter 16: Aldehydes and Ketones16.1 Structure and Bonding16.2 Nomenclature16.3 Physical Properties16.4 Focus on Health and Medicine: Interesting Aldehydes and Ketones16.5 Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones16.6 Reduction of Aldehydes and Ketones16.7 Focus on the Human Body: The Chemistry of Vision16.8 Acetal FormationChapter 17: Carboxylic Acids, Esters, and Amides17.1 Structure and Bonding17.2 Nomenclature17.3 Physical Properties17.4 Interesting Carboxylic Acids in Consumer Products and Medicines17.5 Interesting Esters and Amides17.6 The Acidity of Carboxylic Acids17.7 Focus on Health and Medicine: Aspirin17.8 The Conversion of Carboxylic Acids to Esters and Amides17.9 Hydrolysis of Esters and Amides17.10 Synthetic Polymers in Modern Society—Polyamides and Polyesters17.11 Focus on Health and Medicine: PenicillinChapter 18: Amines and Neurotransmitters18.1 Structure and Bonding18.2 Nomenclature18.3 Physical Properties18.4 Focus on Health and Medicine: Caffeine and Nicotine18.5 Alkaloids—Amines from Plant Sources18.6 Amines as Bases18.7 Focus on Health and Medicine: Ammonium Salts as Useful Drugs18.8 Neurotransmitters18.9 Focus on the Human Body: Epinephrine and Related Compounds 18.10 Focus on Health and Medicine: Histamines and AntihistaminesChapter 19: Lipids19.1 Introduction to Lipids19.2 Fatty Acids19.3 Waxes19.4 Triacylglycerols—Fats and Oils19.5 Hydrolysis of Triacylglycerols19.6 Phospholipids19.7 Cell Membranes19.8 Focus on Health and Medicine: Cholesterol, the Most Prominent Steroid19.9 Steroid Hormones19.10 Focus on Health and Medicine: Fat-Soluble Vitamins19.11 Focus on Health and Medicine: Prostaglandins and LeukotrienesChapter 20: Carbohydrates20.1 Introduction20.2 Monosaccharides20.3 The Cyclic Forms of Monosaccharides20.4 Reduction and Oxidation of Monosaccharides20.5 Disaccharides20.6 Polysaccharides20.7 Focus on the Human Body: Useful Carbohydrate Derivatives20.8 Focus on the Human Body: Blood TypesChapter 21: Amino Acids, Proteins, and Enzymes21.1 Introduction21.2 Amino Acids21.3 Acid–Base Behavior of Amino Acids21.4 Peptides21.5 Focus on the Human Body: Biologically Active Peptides21.6 Proteins21.7 Focus on the Human Body: Common Proteins 21.8 Protein Hydrolysis and Denaturation21.9 Enzymes21.10 Focus on Health and Medicine: Using Enzymes to Diagnose and Treat DiseaseChapter 22: Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis22.1 Nucleosides and Nucleotides22.2 Nucleic Acids22.3 The DNA Double Helix22.4 Replication22.5 RNA22.6 Transcription22.7 Genetic Code 22.8 Translation and Protein Synthesis22.9 Mutations and Genetic Diseases22.10 Recombinant DNA22.11 Focus on Health and Medicine: VirusesChapter 23: Digestion and the Conversion of Food into Energy23.1 Introduction23.2 An Overview of Metabolism23.3 ATP and Energy Production23.4 Coenzymes in Metabolism23.5 The Citric Acid Cycle23.6 The Electron Transport Chain and Oxidative Phosphorylation23.7 Focus on Health and Medicine: Hydrogen CyanideChapter 24: Carbohydrate, Lipid, and Protein Metabolism24.1 Introduction24.2 Understanding Biochemical Reactions24.3 Glycolysis24.4 The Fate of Pyruvate24.5 The ATP Yield from Glucose24.6 Gluconeogenesis24.7 The Catabolism of Triacylglycerols24.8 Ketone Bodies24.9 Amino Acid Metabolism

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