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An important task of 'general' philosophy of science is the clarification of concepts like 'confirmation', of principles like 'the unity of science', and of demarcations like 'empirical laws' versus 'genuine theories'. This volume provides a comprehensive overview of the main general issues for clarification raised by the sciences. Authors attend to the historical development of the current debates and set the stage for future work.
Units of empirical knowledge, perspectives on explanation, evaluation of theories, the role of experiments in the natural and social sciences, ontological, epistemological, and methodological positions, reduction and integration as views on the unity of science, logical, historical and computational approaches in the philosophy of science, the demarcation of science from nonscience, and the European-American roots of contemporary philosophy of science.
Explication in Philosophy of Science (Theo Kuipers)
Laws, Theories, and Research Programs (Theo Kuipers)
Past and Contemporary Perspectives on Explanation Varieties of explanation (Stathis Psillos)
Evaluation of Theories (Ilkka Niiniluoto)
The Role of Experiments in the Natural Sciences: Examples from Physics and Biology (Allan Franklin)
The Role of Experiments in the Social Sciences: The Case of Economics (Wenceslao J. Gonzalez)
Ontological, Epistemological, and Methodological Positions (James Ladyman)
Reduction, Integration, and the Unity of Science: Natural, Behavioral, and Social Sciences and the Humanities (William Bechtel and Andrew Hamilton)
Logical, Historical, and Computational Approaches (Atocha Aliseda and Donald Gillies)
Demarcating Science from Non-science (Martin Mahner)
History of the Philosophy of Science (Friedrich Stadler)