Generalizing from Educational Research: Beyond Qualitative and Quantitative Polarization / Edition 1

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"This book frames the major challenge facing educational researchers as one of going beyond the mindless qualitative-quantitative divide and addressing the overarching/fundamental challenge of enriching and enlarging educational inquiry. It is a signature contribution to the field." - Clifton F. Conrad, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA

Tackling one of the most critical issues in education research today - how research methods are related to value and meaningfulness - this frontline volume achieves two purposes. First, it presents an integrated approach to educational inquiry that works toward a continuum instead of a dichotomy of generalizability, and looks at how this continuum might be related to types of research questions asked and how these questions should determine modes of inquiry. Second, it discusses and demonstrates the contributions of different data types and modes of research to generalizability of research findings, and to limitations of research findings that utilize a single approach.

International leaders in the field take the discussion of generalizing in education research to a level where claims are supported using multiple types of evidence. The volume pushes the field in a different direction, where the focus is on creating meaningful research findings that are not polarized by qualitative versus quantitative methodologies. The integrative approach allows readers to better understand possibilities and shortcomings of different types of research.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415963824
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 12/1/2008
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 320
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Kadriye Ercikan is Associate Professor of measurement and research methods in the department of Educational and Counseling Psychology and Special Education, at the University of British Columbia, Canada.

Wolff-Michael Roth is Lansdowne Professor of Applied Cognitive Science at the University of Victoria.

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Table of Contents

1 Introduction Wolff-Michael Roth Roth, Wolff-Michael Kadriye Ercikan Ercikan, Kadriye 1

Sect. I Generalizing Within and Beyond Populations and Contexts 9

2 Generalizability Theory and Its Contribution to the Discussion of the Generalizability of Research Findings Richard J. Shavelson Shavelson, Richard J. Noreen M. Webb Webb, Noreen M. 13

3 The Testing of English Language Learners as a Stochastic Process: Population Misspecification, Measurement Error, and Overgeneralization Guillermo Solano-Flores Solano-Flores, Guillermo 33

Sect. II Combining and Contrasting Qualitative and Quantitative Evidence 49

4 Generalization from Qualitative Inquiry Margaret Eisenhart Eisenhart, Margaret 51

5 On Qualitative and Quantitative Reasoning in Validity Robert J. Mislevy Mislevy, Robert J. Pamela A. Moss Moss, Pamela A. James P. Gee Gee, James P. 67

6 Generalizability and Research Synthesis Betsy J. Becker Becker, Betsy J. Meng-Jia Wu Wu, Meng-Jia 101

Sect. III How Research Use Mediates Generalization 123

7 Generalizability and Research Use Arguments Lyle F. Bachman Bachman, Lyle F. 127

8 Repetition, Difference, and Rising Up with Research in Education Kenneth Tobin Tobin, Kenneth 149

9 Critical Realism, Policy,and Educational Research Allan Luke Luke, Allan 173

Sect. IV Rethinking the Relationship Between the General and the Particular 207

10 Limitations in Sample-to-Population Generalizing Kadriye Ercikan Ercikan, Kadriye 211

11 Phenomenological and Dialectical Perspectives on the Relation between the General and the Particular Wolff-Michael Roth Roth, Wolff-Michael 235

12 Discussion of Key Issues in Generalizing in Educational Research Lyle F. Bachman Bachman, LyleF. Margaret Eisenhart Eisenhart, Margaret Robert J. Mislevy Mislevy, Robert J. Pamela A. Moss Moss, Pamela A. Guillermo Solano-Flores Solano-Flores, Guillermo Kenneth Tobin Tobin, Kenneth Kadriye Ercikan Ercikan, Kadriye Wolff-Michael Roth Roth, Wolff-Michael 265

Contributors 295

Index 299

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