The Generative Lexicon

The Generative Lexicon

by James Pustejovsky, James Pustejovsky, J. Pustejovsky
     
 

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The Generative Lexicon presents a novel and exciting theory of lexical semantics that addresses the problem of the "multiplicity of word meaning" - that is, how we are able to give an infinite number of senses to words with finite means. The first formally elaborated theory of a generative approach to word meaning, it lays the foundation for an implemented…  See more details below

Overview

The Generative Lexicon presents a novel and exciting theory of lexical semantics that addresses the problem of the "multiplicity of word meaning" - that is, how we are able to give an infinite number of senses to words with finite means. The first formally elaborated theory of a generative approach to word meaning, it lays the foundation for an implemented computational treatment of word meaning that connects explicitly to a compositional semantics. In contrast to the static view of word meaning (where each word is characterized by a predetermined number of word senses) that imposes a tremendous bottleneck on the performance capability of any natural language processing system, Pustejovsky proposes that the lexicon becomes an active - and centralcomponent in the linguistic description. The essence of his theory is that the lexicon functions generatively, first by providing a rich and expressive vocabulary for characterizing lexical information; then, by developing a framework for manipulating fine-grained distinctions in word descriptions; and finally, by formalizing a set of mechanisms for specialized composition of aspects of such descriptions of words, as they occur in context, extended and novel senses are generated. The subjects covered include semantics of nominals (figure/ground nominals, relational nominals, and other event nominals); the semantics of causation (in particular, how causation is lexicalized in language, including causative/unaccusatives, aspectual predicates, experiencer predicates, and modal causatives); how semantic types constrain syntactic expression (such as the behavior of type shifting and type coercion operations); a formal treatment of event semantics with subevents); and a general treatment of the problem of polysemy.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Presents a theory of lexical semantics that addresses the problem of the multiplicity of word meaning, and lays the foundation for an implemented computational treatment of word meaning that connects to a compositional semantics. Subjects include semantics of nominals, the semantics of causation, and how semantic types constrain syntactic expression. Includes formal treatment of event semantics with subevents, and a general treatment of the problem of polysemy. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262161589
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
10/23/1995
Series:
Language, Speech, and Communication Series
Pages:
312
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)

What People are saying about this

George Miller

No one has more clearly challenged the assumptions of traditional lexicography.

Computational Linguistics - J. Terry Nutter

[W]ell worth reading.... For those who are unfamiliar with the emerging field of lexical semantics... it will present an interesting entry point. For those who work in the field, it covers a wide range of interesting and serious problems,
in ways that suggest fruitful interaction with a variety of other views and approaches.

From the Publisher
"No one has more clearly challenged the assumptions of traditional lexicography."George Miller , Princeton University

"[W]ell worth reading.... For those who are unfamiliar with theemerging field of lexical semantics... it will present aninteresting entry point. For those who work in the field, it covers awide range of interesting and serious problems, in ways that suggestfruitful interaction with a variety of other views and approaches." J. Terry Nutter ,Computational Linguistics

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