Genes Involved in Microbe-Plant Interactions

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783709187418
  • Publisher: Springer Vienna
  • Publication date: 1/19/2012
  • Series: Plant Gene Research Series
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1984
  • Pages: 394
  • Product dimensions: 6.69 (w) x 9.61 (h) x 0.84 (d)

Table of Contents

Section I. Recognition.- 1 Host Specificity in Rhizobium-Legume Interactions.- I. Introduction.- II. The Infection Process.- III. The Lectin Recognition Hypothesis.- IV. Bacterial Attachment to Legume Root Hairs as an Early Recognition Step.- V. Role of Legume Lectins in Attachment of Rhizobia.- VI. There Are Multiple Lectin Receptors on Rhizobium.- VII. Regulation of Lectin-Rhizobium Interactions.- VIII. Rhizobial Attachment Is Only a Piece of the Puzzle in the Infection Process.- IX. Nodulation and Host Specificity Genes Are Plasmid Encoded.- X. Concluding Remarks.- XI. References.- 2 Interaction of Agrobacterium tumefaciens with the Plant Cell Surface.- I. Introduction.- II. Evidence that Bacterial Attachment Is Required for Tumor Formation.- III. Methods Used to Assay Attachment of Agrobacterium to Plant Cells.- A. Indirect Methods.- B. Direct Assays.- IV. General Requirements for Attachment of A. tumefaciens.- V. Plant Receptors for the Attachment of A. tumefaciens.- A. The Nature of the Receptor.- B. Plant Host Range for Attachment of A. tumefaciens.- VI. Binding Sites of Agrobacterium tumefaciens for Attachment to Plant Cells.- A. The Role of the Bacterium in the Attachment Interaction.- B. The Nature of the Bacterial Binding Site.- C. The Role of Bacterial Cellulose Fibrils in the Attachment of A. tumefaciens.- D. The Genetics of Attachment of A. tumefaciens.- VII. A Model for the Attachment of A. tumefaciens to Plant Cells.- VIII. References.- Section II. Symbiosis.- 3 Legume-Rhizobium-Symbiosis: Host’s Point of View.- I. Introduction.- II. Origin of Symbiotic Nitrogen-Fixing Association.- A. Rhizobium as an Organelle.- B. Why Primarily Legumes?.- III. Role of the Host Plant in Symbiosis.- A. Early Responses of Host.- B. Controlled Invasion as a Means for Regulating Host Defense Response.- C. Phytohormones.- i) Action at Distance.- ii) Phytohormones Produced by Rhizobium.- D. Cell and Tissue Level Organization.- E. Nutritional Role of the Plant Host.- i) Carbohydrate Supply.- ii) Nitrogen Metabolism.- iii) Exchange of Other Nutrients.- IV. Plant Genes Involved in Symbiosis.- A. Genetics.- B. Molecular Studies.- i) Leghemoglobin.- ii) Discovery and Function of Nodulins.- V. Summary and Perspectives.- VI. References.- 4 Rhizobium-Leguminosae Symbiosis: The Bacterial Point of View.- I. Introduction.- II. Strategies of Infection.- III. Localization of Infectible Root Cells.- IV. Genetic Approach to the Analysis of Symbiosis.- V. Isolation and Cloning of Symbiotic Mutants.- VI. Rhizobium Sym(biosis) Plasmids.- VII. Chromosomal Location of Nitrogenase and Nodulation Genes.- VIII. Analysis of Host Specificity.- IX. Role of the Bacterial Cell Surface.- X. Future Studies.- XI. References.- 5 Nitrogen Assimilation in the Legume-Rhizobium Symbiosis: A Joint Endeavour.- I. Introduction.- II Rhizobial Metabolism.- A. Nitrogenase.- B. Ammonia Assimilation in Free-living Rhizobia.- C. Regulatory Controls on Ammonia Assimilation.- D. Nitrogen Metabolism in Rhizobia Under Symbiotic Conditions.- E. Summary.- III. Plant Metabolism.- A. Ammonia Assimilation.- B. Synthesis of Nitrogenous Transport Compounds.- C. Plant Genes Involved in Nodule Nitrogen Metabolism.- IV. Conclusions.- V. References.- 6 Hydrogenase and Energy Efficiency in Nitrogen Fixing Symbionts.- I. Hydrogenase — A Suitable Candidate for Genetic Manipulation?.- II. Hydrogen Evolution by Nitrogenase.- III. Hydrogen Loss by Root Nodules.- IV. Occurrence of Uptake Hydrogenase in Rhizobium.- V. Potential Benefits Associated with Uptake Hydrogenase.- VI. Relationships Between Hydrogenase Determinants, Plasmids and Other Symbiotic Genes.- VII. Biochemical Components of the Hydrogenase System.- VIII. Genetic Components of the Hydrogenase System.- IX. Cloning the Hydrogenase Genes.- X. Problems of Gene Stability and Gene Expression for a Cloned hup System.- XI. Conclusions.- XII. References.- 7 Symbiotic Relationships in Actinorhizae.- I. Introduction.- II. The Symbiotic Association.- A. The Host Plant.- B. The Endophyte.- C. Host Plant-Endophyte Specificity.- D. Host Plant-Endophyte Interactions.- III. Nitrogen Fixation.- IV. Conclusions.- V. References.- 8 Host-Fungus Specificity, Recognition and Compatibility in Mycorrhizae.- I. Introduction.- II. Plant-Fungus Specificity.- III. Host-Fungus Interactions.- A. Rhizosphere Environment.- B. Recognition Phenomena.- i) Ectomycorrhizae.- ii) Ectendomycorrhizae.- iii) Endomycorrhizae.- C. Interactions of Mycorrhizal Fungi with Non-Host Plants.- IV. Functional Compatibility.- V. References.- 9 Molecular Biology of Stem Nodulation.- I. Introduction.- II. Occurrence of Stem-Nodulating Legumes.- III. Structure of Stem Nodules.- IV. Host-Specificity and Physiology of Stem Nodulation in Aeschynomene.- V. Identification of Stem and Root Leghemoglobins of Aeschynomene.- VI. Characterization of Stem Rhizobia.- VII. Genetic Manipulation of Stem Rhizobium.- VIII. Future Outlook.- IX. References.- Section III. Plant Tumor Induction.- 10 Induction of Cell Proliferation by Agrobacterium tumefaciens and A. Rhizogenes: A Parasite’s Point of View.- I. Introduction.- II. Crown Gall Tumor Cell Phenotypes.- III. Plasmid Logic and Crown Gall Cell Phenotype.- IV. Mechanism Underlying the Opine Concept.- V. Further Extensions of the Opine Concept.- VI. Conclusion.- VII. References.- 11 Gene Organization of the Ti-Plasmid.- I. Introduction.- A. Crown Gall.- B. Agrobacterium tumefaciens.- C. Ti-Plasmids.- II. Molecular Genetics of Ti-Plasmids.- A. DNA Homology Among Ti-Plasmids.- B. Genetic Map of a Ti-Plasmid.- C. Catabolic Functions and Conjugative Transfer.- D. Replication and Incompatibility.- E. The T-Region.- F. The Vir-Region.- III. General Conclusion.- IV. References.- 12 Phytohormone-Mediated Tumorigenesis by Plant Pathogenic Bacteria.- I. Introduction.- II. Crown Gall.- A. IAA Synthesis in Crown-Gall Tumor Cells.- B. IAA Synthesis by A. tumefaciens.- C. Cytokinin Synthesis in Crown Gall Tumors.- D. Cytokinin Synthesis by A. tumefaciens.- E. A Mechanism for the Role of IAA and Cytokinin in Crown Gall Formation.- III. Olive Knot.- IV. Fasciation and Witches’ Broom.- V. Concluding Remarks.- VI. References.- Section IV. Plant Pathogens and Defence Mechanisms.- 13 Genetic and Biochemical Basis of Virulence in Plant Pathogens.- I. Introduction.- II. Genetic Control of Host-Pathogen Interactions.- A. The Gene-for-Gene Hypothesis for Race/Cultivar Specificity.- B. Genetic Analysis in Other Systems.- III. Toxins as Virulence Factors.- IV. Cutinases and Pectinases.- V. Extracellular Macromolecules Implicated in Vascular Wilts.- VI. Hypersensitive Reaction, Phytoalexins, and Inhibitor Detoxification.- VII. Summary.- VIII. References.- 14 Defense Responses of Plants.- I. Introduction.- II. Phytoalexin Induction.- III. Proteinase Inhibitor Induction.- IV. Molecular Cloning and Characterization of Proteinase Inhibitor Genes.- V. Summary.- VI. References.

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