Genetic Engineering and the World Trade System: World Trade Forum

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While the WTO agreements do not regulate the use of biotechnology per se, their rules can have a profound impact on the use of the technology for both commercial and non-commercial purposes. This book seeks to identify the challenges to international trade regulation that arise from biotechnology. The contributions examine whether existing international obligations of WTO Members are appropriate to deal with the issues arising from the use of biotechnology and whether there is a need for new international legal instruments, including a potential WTO Agreement on Biotechnology. They combine various perspectives on and topics relating to genetic engineering and trade, including human rights and gender; intellectual property rights; traditional knowledge and access and benefit sharing; food security, trade and agricultural production and food safety; and medical research, cloning and international trade.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
'… it is a fascinating read that delves deeply into the extremely complex and contentious issues surrounding how the transformative technology of genetic engineering is to be treated in domestic and international law… Daniel Wüger and Thomas Cottier have assembled an impressive team of legal authors from academia, international organizations, and governments. Their knowledge is impressive and extensive. … I think this book should be read by anyone that has a serious interest in international issues surrounding biotechnology. … The issues are examined at considerable depth and complex arguments are presented.' William A. Kerr, University of Saskatchewan

'… the volume continuously presents very well drafted, knowledgeable and illuminative contributions. Anyone interested in world trade law and its bearing on modern biotechnology regulation will highly profit from reading the articles, which are still largely state of the art.' European Yearbook of International Economic Law

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521883603
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 5/8/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 366
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Daniel Wüger is a lecturer at the University of Bern, a senior research fellow at the Swiss Federal Office of Justice and a consultant to the NCCR International Trade Regulation project at the World Trade Institute, Bern.

Thomas Cottier is Professor of European and International Economics Law at the University of Bern and Director of the Institute of European and International Economic Law. He is also Managing Director of the World Trade Institute.

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Table of Contents

List of contributors page vii

List of abbreviations ix

Part I Introduction and systemic issues 1

1 The many faces of modern biotechnology Daniel Wuger 3

2 Genetic engineering, trade and human rights Thomas Cottier 17

3 Gender dimensions of biotechnology policy and trade Constance Z. Wagner 56

Part II Intellectual property and gene technology: issues at stake and possible options 75

4 Biotechnology and patents: global standards, European approaches and national accents Geertrui van Overwalle 77

5 Intellectual property rights, biotechnology and development: African perspectives Emmanuel Opoku Awuku 109

6 Traditional knowledge, biogenetic resources, genetic engineering and intellectual property rights Federico Lenzerini 118

Part III Food security, trade and agricultural production with genetically modified organisms 149

7 Biotechnology in the energy sector: some implications for developing countries Simonetta Zarrilli 151

8 Coexistence and liability: implications for international trade drawn from the Swiss example Anne Petitpierre-Sauvain 175

9 Food security and agricultural production with genetically modified organisms: a comment Michael Hahn 193

Part IV Food safety, international trade and biotechnology 203

10 Trade, environment and biotechnology: on coexistence and coherence Laurence Boisson De Chazournes Makane Moise Mbengue 205

11 Risk regulation, precaution and trade Franz Xaver Perrez 246

Part V Medical research, cloning and international trade 285

12 Genetic engineering, free trade and human rights: global standards and local ethics Roger Brownsword 287

13 The regulation of human genetics by international softlaw and international trade Souheil El-Zein 315

Index 343

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