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Genetics and Genomics of Populus / Edition 1
     

Genetics and Genomics of Populus / Edition 1

by Stefan Jansson, Rishikesh Bhalerao, Andrew Groover
 

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ISBN-10: 1441915400

ISBN-13: 9781441915405

Pub. Date: 02/09/2010

Publisher: Springer New York

Trees are truly amazing! Woody species underpin vital terrestrial ecosystems, present a complex array of evolutionary novelties, and provide essential benefits and commodities. Trees play a key role in the major biogeochemical cycles, including water, oxygen, and nitrogen. Notably, forests are second only to oceans in the biological sequestration of carbon, and

Overview

Trees are truly amazing! Woody species underpin vital terrestrial ecosystems, present a complex array of evolutionary novelties, and provide essential benefits and commodities. Trees play a key role in the major biogeochemical cycles, including water, oxygen, and nitrogen. Notably, forests are second only to oceans in the biological sequestration of carbon, and forests are recognized for their vital role in regulating the concentration of the greenhouse gas, CO2. At the same time, forests are threatened by land clearing for development and agriculture, introduced pathogens and insects, and by climate change.

A fundamental need encompassing all of these scientific, economic, and management issues is a better understanding of the basic biology of forest trees. As the power of genetic model systems for biological research became increasingly obvious, the need for a good tree model system grew. Gradually, Populus-a genus consisting of over 30 species with a wide geographic distribution-developed into the prime model system for tree research. With the advent of Populus as a full-fleshed model system for plant genetic and genomics, tools are now available for plant researchers to explore these fascinating aspects of tree biology.

Genetics and Genomics of Populus provides an indepth description of the genetic and genomic tools and approaches for Populus, examines the biology that has been elucidated using genomics, and looks to the future of this unique model plant. This volume is designed to serve both experienced Populus researchers and newcomers to the field. Contributors to the volume are a blend of researchers, some who have spent most of their research career on Populus and others that have moved to Populus from other model systems. Research on Populus forms a useful complement to research on Arabidopsis. In fact, many plant species found in nature are-in terms of the life history and genetics-more similar to Populus than to Arabidopsis. Thus, the genetic and genomic strategies and tools developed by the Populus community, and showcased in this volume, will hopefully provide inspiration for researchers working in other, less well developed, systems.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781441915405
Publisher:
Springer New York
Publication date:
02/09/2010
Series:
Plant Genetics and Genomics: Crops and Models Series , #8
Edition description:
2010
Pages:
384
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

Part I Overview and an Introduction to the Biology of Populus

Why and How Populus Became a "Model Tree" Brian Ellis Stefan Jansson Steven H. Strauss Gerald A. Tuskan 3

Salient Biological Features, Systematics, and Genetic Variation of Populus Gancho T. Slavov Peter Zhelev 15

Growth and Physiology Sophie Y. Dillen Stewart B. Rood Reinhart Ceulemans 39

Part II Populus Genetics and Genomics

The Populus Genome and Comparative Genomics Carl J. Douglas Stephen P. DiFazio 67

Nucleotide Polymorphism, Linkage Disequilibrium and Complex Trait Dissection in Populus Pär K. Ingvarson 91

Transformation as a Tool for Genetic Analysis in Populus Victor B. Busov Steven H. Strauss Gilles Pilate 113

Populus Resources and Bioinformatics Nathaniel R. Street Chung-Jui Tsai 135

Part III Genetics and Genomics of Key Populus Traits

Reproductive Development in Populus Amy M. Brunner 155

Perennial Life Style of Populus: Dormancy Cycling and Overwintering Päivi L.H. Rinne Annikki Welling Chris van der Schoot 171

Wood Formation in Populus Andrew T. Groover Kaisa Nieminen Ykä Helariutta Shawn D. Mansfield 201

Populus Responses to Abiotic Stress Urs Fischer Andrea Polle 225

Defense and Nutrient Mutualisms in Populus George Newcombe Francis Martin Annegret Kohler 247

The Impact of Genomics on Advances in Herbivore Defense and Secondary Metabolism in Populus C. Peter Constabel Richard L. Lindroth 279

Part IV Populus for the Future

Populus Breeding: From the Classical to the Genomic Approach Brian J. Stanton David B. Neale Shanwen Li 309

Conservation Genomics Elena Hidalgo Santiago C. González-Martínez Christian Lexer Berthold Heinze 349

Index 369

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