Genocide: A Comprehensive Introduction

Genocide: A Comprehensive Introduction

by Adam Jones
     
 

ISBN-10: 0415353858

ISBN-13: 9780415353854

Pub. Date: 06/01/2006

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Genocide: A Comprehensive Introduction is the most wide-ranging textbook on genocide yet published. The book is designed as a text for upper-undergraduate and graduate students, as well as a primer for non-specialists and general readers interested in learning about one of humanity’s enduring blights.

Fully updated to reflect the latest thinking

Overview

Genocide: A Comprehensive Introduction is the most wide-ranging textbook on genocide yet published. The book is designed as a text for upper-undergraduate and graduate students, as well as a primer for non-specialists and general readers interested in learning about one of humanity’s enduring blights.

Fully updated to reflect the latest thinking in this rapidly developing field, this unique book:

  • Provides an introduction to genocide as both a historical phenomenon and an analytical-legal concept, including the concept of genocidal intent, and the dynamism and contingency of genocidal processes.
  • Discusses the role of state-building, imperialism, war, and social revolution in fueling genocide.
  • Supplies a wide range of full-length case studies of genocides worldwide, each with a supplementary study.
  • Explores perspectives on genocide from the social sciences, including psychology, sociology, anthropology, political science/international relations, and gender studies.
  • Considers "The Future of Genocide," with attention to historical memory and genocide denial; initiatives for truth, justice, and redress; and strategies of intervention and prevention.

Highlights of the new edition include:

  • Box-texts on "Physical, Biological, and Cultural Genocide" and "Whatever Happened to Political Groups?" (Chapter 1)
  • Nigeria/Biafra as a "contested case" of genocide (Chapter 1)
  • Genocide, empire, and modernity in Europe: the "Bloodlands" and "Rimlands" literature (Chapter 2)
  • Extensive new material on the Kurds, Islamic State/ISIS, and the civil wars/genocide in Iraq and Syria (Chapter 4)
  • "Stalin: Return from the Crypt" — Stalinist dictatorship in Russian popular memory, including a visit to the despot’s hometown (Chapter 5)
  • Indonesia in 1965—66 as a case of genocide (Chapter 7)
  • A reworked and expanded Chapter 9, "Genocide in Africa’s Great Lakes Region," with extensive new material on DR Congo and Burundi
  • Conflict and atrocities in the world’s newest state, South Sudan (Chapter 9)
  • Canada’s indigenous people and the Truth and Reconciliation process (Chapter 15)
  • Nuremberg prosecutor Benjamin Ferencz and the tribunal’s legacy, including an encounter with Ferencz in the very courtroom where Nazi mass killers were tried (Chapter 15)
  • The role, activities, and constraints of the United Nations Office of Genocide Prevention (Chapter 16)
  • "Is Humanity Becoming Less Genocidal?" — the implications for genocide studies of Steven Pinker’s The Better Angels of Our Nature (Chapter 16)
  • Many new testimonies from genocide victims, survivors, witnesses — and perpetrators
  • Dozens of new images, including a special photographic essay, as well as maps, memorials, engravings, and artworks — the richest collection of genocide-related imagery in a single book.

Genocide: A Comprehensive Introduction remains the indispensable text for new generations of genocide study and scholarship. An accompanying website (www.genocidetext.net) features a broad selection of supplementary materials, teaching aids, and Internet resources.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780415353854
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
06/01/2006
Pages:
460
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 9.70(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents


List of illustrations     xiii
About the author     xv
Introduction     xviii
Overview     1
The Origins of Genocide     3
Genocide in prehistory, antiquity, and early modernity     3
The Vendee uprising     6
Zulu genocide     7
Naming genocide: Raphael Lemkin     8
Defining genocide: The UN Convention     12
Bounding genocide: Comparative genocide studies     14
Discussion     19
Personal observations     22
Contested cases     23
Atlantic slavery     23
Area bombing and nuclear warfare     24
UN sanctions against Iraq     25
9/11     26
Structural and institutional violence     27
Is genocide ever justified?     28
Suggestions for further study     31
Notes     32
Imperialism, War, and Social Revolution     39
Imperialism and colonialism     39
Colonial and imperial genocides     40
Imperial famines     41
The Congo "rubber terror"     42
The Japanese in East and Southeast Asia     44
The US in Indochina     46
The Soviets in Afghanistan     47
A note on genocide and imperial dissolution     48
Genocide and war     48
The First World War and the dawn of industrial death     51
The Second World War and the "barbarization of warfare"     53
Genocide and social revolution     55
The nuclear revolution and "omnicide"     56
Suggestions for further study     59
Notes     60
Cases     65
Genocides of Indigenous Peoples     67
Introduction     67
Colonialism and the discourse of extinction     68
The conquest of the Americas     70
Spanish America     70
The United States and Canada     72
Other genocidal strategies     75
A contemporary case: The Maya of Guatemala     77
Australia's Aborigines and the Namibian Herero     78
Genocide in Australia     78
The Herero genocide     80
Denying genocide, celebrating genocide     81
Complexities and caveats     83
Indigenous revival     85
Suggestions for further study     87
Notes     89
The Armenian Genocide      101
Introduction     101
Origins of the genocide     102
War, massacre, and deportation     105
The course of the Armenian genocide     106
The aftermath     112
The denial     113
Suggestions for further study     115
Notes     116
Stalin's Terror     124
The Bolsheviks seize power     125
Collectivization and famine     127
The Gulag     128
The Great Purge of 1937-38     129
The war years     131
The destruction of national minorities     134
Stalin and genocide     135
Suggestions for further study     137
Notes     138
The Jewish Holocaust     147
Introduction     147
Origins     148
"Ordinary Germans" and the Nazis     150
The turn to mass murder     151
Debating the Holocaust     157
Intentionalists vs. functionalists     157
Jewish resistance     158
The Allies and the churches: Could the Jews have been saved?     159
Willing executioners?     160
Israel and the Jewish Holocaust      161
Is the Jewish Holocaust "uniquely unique"?     162
Suggestions for further study     163
Notes     165
Cambodia and the Khmer Rouge     185
Origins of the Khmer Rouge     185
War and revolution, 1970-75     188
A genocidal ideology     190
A policy of "urbicide", 1975     192
"Base people" vs. "new people"     194
Cambodia's holocaust, 1975-79     195
Genocide against Buddhists and ethnic minorities     199
Aftermath: Politics and the quest for justice     200
Suggestions for further study     202
Notes     202
Bosnia and Kosovo     212
Origins and onset     212
Gendercide and genocide in Bosnia     216
The international dimension     219
Kosovo, 1998-99     220
Aftermaths     222
Suggestions for further study     224
Notes     224
Holocaust in Rwanda     232
Introduction: Horror and shame     232
Background to genocide     233
Genocidal frenzy     238
Aftermath     245
Suggestions for further study     246
Notes      247
Social Science Perspectives     259
Psychological Perspectives     261
Narcissism, greed, and fear     262
Narcissism     262
Greed     264
Fear     265
Genocide and humiliation     268
The psychology of perpetrators     270
The Zimbardo experiments     274
The psychology of rescuers     275
Suggestions for further study     281
Notes     282
The Sociology and Anthropology of Genocide     288
Introduction     288
Sociological perspectives     289
The sociology of modernity     289
Ethnicity and ethnic conflict     291
Ethnic conflict and violence "specialists"     293
"Middleman minorities"     294
Anthropological perspectives     296
Suggestions for further study     301
Notes     302
Political Science and International Relations     307
Empirical investigations     307
The changing face of war     311
Democracy, war, and genocide/democide     314
Norms and prohibition regimes     316
Suggestions for further study      320
Notes     321
Gendering Genocide     325
Gendercide vs. root-and-branch genocide     326
Women and genocide     329
Gendercidal institutions     330
Genocide and violence against homosexuals     331
Are men more genocidal than women?     332
A note on gendered propaganda     334
Suggestions for further study     336
Notes     337
The Future of Genocide     343
Memory, Forgetting, and Denial     345
The struggle over historical memory     345
Germany and "the search for a usable past"     349
The politics of forgetting     350
Genocide denial: Motives and strategies     351
Denial and free speech     354
Suggestions for further study     358
Notes     358
Justice, Truth, and Redress     362
Leipzig, Constantinople, Nuremberg, Tokyo     363
The international criminal tribunals: Yugoslavia and Rwanda     366
Jurisdictional issues     367
The concept of a victim group     367
Gender and genocide     367
National trials     368
The "mixed tribunals": Cambodia and Sierra Leone     370
Another kind of justice: Rwanda's gacaca experiment     370
The Pinochet case     371
The International Criminal Court (ICC)     373
International citizens' tribunals     375
Truth and reconciliation     377
The challenge of redress     379
Suggestions for further study     381
Notes     382
Strategies of Intervention and Prevention     388
Warning signs     389
Humanitarian intervention     392
Sanctions     393
The United Nations     394
When is military intervention justified?     395
A standing "peace army"?     396
Ideologies and individuals     398
The role of the honest witness     398
Ideologies, religious and secular     400
Conclusion     404
Suggestions for further study     404
Notes     405
Index     410

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