Genocide and Crisis in Central Africa: Conflict Roots, Mass Violence, and Regional War

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Scherrer examines the ethnicized conflicts, periodic war, and genocide in Rwanda and Burundi. The 1994 genocide in Rwanda may have resulted in the murder of a million Tutsi and moderate Hutu, while the mass killings in Burundi, especially in 1993 when some 200,000 Hutu and Tutsi were killed, and the current ongoing war in the Congo appear to have the potential to escalate into another round of genocide in the region. Scherrer explores the background to the conflicts in the Great Lakes Region as well as what the international community might do to break this tragic cycle of violence and despair.

Following a chapter on the history of the region before independence in 1960/61, he examines the 1994 genocide in Rwanda and the subsequent attempts to promote justice, reconstruction, human rights work, and genocide prevention. Scherrer pays particular attention to the role of the Western powers, the UN, and the aid system—and he is critical of all of these institutions. He also analyzes what is happening in neighboring Burundi and the Congo. An important research for scholars and policymakers involved with Central African affairs and ethnicized conflict.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780275972240
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 11/30/2001
  • Pages: 440
  • Lexile: 1480L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.13 (d)

Meet the Author

CHRISTIAN P. SCHERRER is the head of the Ethnic Conflict Research Project, an independent research project founded in 1987. Dr. Scherrer conducted field research in four areas of violent intra-state conflict and worked for a number of international organizations, including the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. In this capacity he conducted genocide investigations in Rwanda's southern Butare province and elaborated a study on Justice-in-Transition and Conflict Prevention in Post-Genocide Rwanda.

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Table of Contents

Acronyms, Abbreviations and Indigenous Expressions
Introduction: From Auschwitz to Central Africa 1
Pt. I Central Africa: History of a Troubled Region 15
1 On the Historical Background to Preannounced Genocide 17
2 Destructive Interaction between Rwanda and Burundi 37
Pt. II The Genocide in Rwanda and Its Consequences 65
3 Preparations for the Genocide, Complicity of Churches and Donors, and the Failure of the United Nations 67
4 Analytical Summary and Regional Chronology 1990-1994 87
5 The State-Organized Genocide in Rwanda 103
6 Mass Murder, Mass Flight, and the Role of United Nations 139
Pt. III The Impact of Aid 167
7 Donor Complicity and Failures in Rwanda 169
8 New Aid Priorities since the Genocide 197
Pt. IV Crisis in the Central African Great Lakes Region 217
9 Burundi - Rwanda's False Twin 219
10 Regional War in the Congo 251
11 United Nations and the Congo Crisis: Double Standards and Lack of Will 303
12 Background to the Congo Crisis and Regional Chronology 1994-2001 327
Conclusions and Prospects 363
References and Bibliographic Sources 381
Index 409
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