Genocide And Resistance In Southeast Asia

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Overview

Two modern cases of genocide and extermination began in Southeast Asia in the same year. Pol Pot's Khmer Rouge regime ruled Cambodia from 1975 to 1979, and Indonesian forces occupied East Timor from 1975 to 1999. This book examines the horrific consequences of Cambodian communist revolution and Indonesian anti-communist counterinsurgency. It also chronicles the two cases of indigenous resistance to genocide and extermination, the international cover-ups that obstructed documentation of these crimes, and efforts to hold the perpetrators legally accountable.

The perpetrator regimes inflicted casualties in similar proportions. Each caused the deaths of about one-fifth of the population of the nation. Cambodia's mortality was approximately 1.7 million, and approximately 170,000 perished in East Timor. In both cases, most of the deaths occurred in the five-year period from 1975 to1980. In addition, Cambodia and East Timor not only shared the experience of genocide but also of civil war, international intervention, and UN conflict resolution. U.S. policymakers supported the invading Indonesians in Timor, as well as the indigenous Khmer Rouge in Cambodia. Both regimes exterminated ethnic minorities, including local Chinese, as well as political dissidents. Yet the ideological fuel that ignited each conflagration was quite different. Jakarta pursued anti-communism; the Khmer Rouge were communists. In East Timor the major Indonesian goal was conquest. In Cambodia, the Khmer Rouge's goal was revolution. Maoist ideology influenced Pol Pot's regime, but it also influenced the East Timorese resistance to the Indonesia's occupiers.

Genocide and Resistance in Southeast Asia is significant both for its historical documentation and for its contribution to the study of the politics and mechanisms of genocide. It is a fundamental contribution that will be read by historians, human rights activists, and genocide studies specialists.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"This book represents the distilled wisdom of a lifetime's research by the world's leading expert on the Khmer Rouge regime. Kiernan's comparative analysis with the Indonesian occupation of East Timor is especially valuable. A must read for all concerned with the early detection of genocide." Peter Carey, author of East Timor at the Crossroads and professor of history, Trinity College, Oxford University "This book represents the distilled wisdom of a lifetime's research by the world's leading expert on the Khmer Rouge regime. Kiernan's comparative analysis with the Indonesian occupation of East Timor is especially valuable. A must read for all concerned with the early detection of genocide." —Peter Carey, author of East Timor at the Crossroads and professor of history, Trinity College, Oxford University
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781412806695
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • Publication date: 11/1/2007
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 368
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.82 (d)

Meet the Author

Ben Kiernan is the A. Whitney Griswold Professor of History, professor of international and area studies, and director of the Genocide Studies Program at Yale University (www.yale.edu/gsp). He served as founding director of Yale's Cambodian Genocide Program (1994-99) and convenor of the Yale East Timor Project (2000-02). He is the author of How Pol Pot Came to Power, The Pol Pot Regime, and Blood and Soil: A World History of Genocide and Exterminatiion from Sparta to Darfur.

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Table of Contents


Acknowledgements     ix
Preface   David J. Case     xi
Introduction     1
Genocide and Resistance
Wild Chickens, Farm Chickens, and Cormorants: Cambodia's Eastern Zone under Pol Pot     7
Rebel Revolutionaries: Interviews with Chea Sim and Heng Samrin     59
Genocide, Extermination and Resistance in East Timor, 1975-1999: Comparative Reflections on Cambodia     105
The Resistance in East Timor: The UN-Sponsored Truth Commission Analysis     137
Description, Documentation, Denial, and Justice
Grappling with Genocide, 1978-79     203
Advocating Accountability, 1980-90     215
Bringing the Khmer Rouge to Justice     221
Cover-Up and Denial of Genocide: Australia, East Timor, and the Aborigines     239
The Demography of Genocide in Southeast Asia: The Death Tolls in Cambodia, 1975-79, and East Timor, 1975-80     269
War and Recovery: Reporting from Cambodia, 1979-90
Reports from the Thai-Cambodian Border, 1979     285
War and Peace in Post-Genocide Cambodia     305
Bibliography     333
Index     337
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