As this review is being written, a trial opens in Iraq, exploring poison gas used on hundreds of thousands of Kurds; Sudanese government officials decline UN peacekeepers; PolPot victims discuss potential reconciliation panels; Nazis march in Madison, Wisconsin; and a restaurant named Hitler's Cross opens in Bombay. If ever there was a pressing need for a book like this one, the time is now. January gives young readers a sensitive, solid framework with which to comprehend multiple facets of genocide, from etymology of the term to acknowledging deniers of the Holocaust. The slim volume devotes chapters to separate examples of genocide, historic and contemporary: Armenians of the Ottoman Empire, European Jews, Cambodians, Tutsis of Rwanda, Muslims of Bosnia, and tribes of Darfur. The award-winning author provides context for and consequences of genocide, in many cases using poignant personal narratives from witnesses, family members of victims. Clear documentation, source notes, time lines, extended learning lists (film, Web site, podcast, bibliography), and a detailed index elevate this resource above those far less meticulous. Sidebars and the expected stark photographs contribute to design and comprehension. January introduces readers to attorney Raphael Lemkin, who worked a lifetime to define the crime and force governments to act. Ideally students will follow his footsteps, recognizing work yet to be done to address all-too-common acts of inhumanity. This outstanding book sparks thoughtful inquiry; stark truths may prompt much needed humane responses.