Genomics and Health in the Developing World

Overview

Genomics and Health in the Developing World provides detailed and comprehensive coverage of population structures, human genomics, and genome variation—with particular emphasis on medical and health issues—in the emerging economies and countries of the developing world. With sections dedicated to fundamtals of genetics and genomics, epidemiology of human disease, biomarkers, comparative genomics, developments in translational genomic medicine, current and future health strategies related to genetic disease, and ...

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Overview

Genomics and Health in the Developing World provides detailed and comprehensive coverage of population structures, human genomics, and genome variation—with particular emphasis on medical and health issues—in the emerging economies and countries of the developing world. With sections dedicated to fundamtals of genetics and genomics, epidemiology of human disease, biomarkers, comparative genomics, developments in translational genomic medicine, current and future health strategies related to genetic disease, and pertinent legislative and social factors, this volume highlights the importance of utilizing genetics/genomics knowledge to promote and achieve optimal health in the developing world. Grouped by geographic region, the chapters in this volume address:

- Inherited disorders in the developing world, including a thorough look at genetic disorders in minority groups of every continent
- The progress of diagnostic laboratory genetic testing, prenatal screening, and genetic counseling worldwide
- Rising ethical and legal concerns of medical genetics in the developing world
- Social, cultural, and religious issues related to genetic diseases across continents

Both timely and vastly informative, this book is a unique and comprehensive resource for genetists, clinicians, and public health professionals interested in the social, ethical, economic, and legal matters associated with medical genetics in the developing world.

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Dhavendra Kumar, MD, FRCP, FACMG, is Professor, the University of Glamorgan, and Consultant in Clinical Genetics at the University Hospital of Wales, Institute of Medical Genetics, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom.

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Table of Contents

Contributors

Part I: Genomics in Medicine and Health-General

1. Genes and Genomes in Health and Disease: An Introduction
Dhavendra Kumar

2. The Human Variome Project and the Developing World
Richard G.H. Cotton

3. Human Genomic Variation Initiatives in Emerging Economies and Developing Countries
Béatrice Séguin, Billie-Jo Hardy, Peter A. Singer, and Abdallah S. Daar

4. The Genomic Map of Population Diversity in Asia
Dhavendra Kumar

5. Ancestry, Disease and Variable Drug Response in the Genomic Era
Charles Rotimi and Lynn Jorde

6. The Next Steps for Genomic Medicine: Challenges and Opportunities for the Developing World
Billie-Jo Hardy, Béatrice Séguin, Federico Goodsaid, Gerardo Jiménez-Sánchez, Peter A. Singer, and Abdallah S. Daar

7. Consumer Perspectives on Genomics and Healthcare
Alastair Kent

8. Transcultural Perspectives on Genetics and Genomics
Dhavendra Kumar

9. Medical Genetics and Genomics Research in the Muslim World
Aida I. Al-Aqeel

10. The Progress of Genomics in the Developing World: Rising Social, Economic, and Ethical Concerns
Minakshi Bhardwaj

11. Genetic Outcomes of Consanguineous Marriages
Alan H. Bittles and Michael L. Black

12. Autosomal Recessive Conditions and Autozygosity Mapping
Colin A. Johnson and Eamonn R. Maher

13. Genetic Contribution to Malaria Susceptibility and Resistance
Susana G. Campino and Taane G. Clark

14. Glucose 6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency: Genetics, Pharmacogenetics, and Malaria Selection
Lucio Luzzatto

15. Infections, Genomics, and Global Public Health
Tikki Pang

16. Microbial Genomics and Global Health
Rino Rappuoli

17. Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics in the Developing World
Warren E. Hochfeld, Sahle M. Asfaha, Marco Alessandrini, Tyren M. Dodgen, Renier Myburgh, Arinda Eloff, and Michael S. Pepper

18. Nutrigenomic Research in World Populations
Jim Kaput

19. Transgenic Foods and Nutritional Health in Developing Countries
Dhavendra Kumar and Joel Cohen

20. The Burden of Inherited Disease in the Developing World: The Example of Inherited Blood Diseases
David J. Weatherall

21. Health Implications of Inherited Disorders of Iron Overload
Chun Yu Lok, Alison T. Merryweather-Clarke, and Kathryn J.H. Robson

22. Inherited Factors in Diabetes Mellitus and Related Metabolic Disorders in the Developing World
Dwaipayan Bharadwaj, Nikhil Tandon, and Anubha Mahajan

23. Global Health Implications of Genetic Studies of Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes
Jessica Buxton, Julia El-Sayed Moustafa, Haya Al-Saud, and Alexandra Blakemore

24. Health Implications of Familial Hyperlipidemia
Deepak Bhatnagar

25. Global Health Implications of Inherited Renal Diseases
Wendy Jones and Anand Saggar

26. The Burden of Congenital Anomalies on Global Health
Dhavendra Kumar

27. Inherited Eye Diseases in Developing Countries
Tiziana Cogliati, James Friedman, Norimoto Gotoh, Neeraj Agarwal, and Anand Swaroop

28. Principles and Practice of Newborn Screening-The Lessons from the Developed World
Rodney J. Pollitt

29. Diagnostic Laboratory Genetic Testing - Models for the Developing World
Peter Lunt

30. Ethical Issues Arising in Medical Genetics in Developing Countries
Angus Clarke

31. Genetic and Genomics Services in Emerging Economies of the Developing World
Robert George Elles

Part II: Genomics in Medicine and Health-Regional

Africa

32. Anthropology and Population Heterogeneity in North Africa
Rym Kefi

33. The Genetic Landscape of Sub-Saharan African Populations
Himla Soodyall and Carina M. Schlebusch

34. Genetic Disorders in North African Populations
Romdhane Lilia and Abdelhak Sonia

35. Genetic Neurological Diseases in Tunisia
Neziha Gouider-Khouja and Ibtihel Rebai

36. Hemoglobinopathies in Africa
Ambroise Wonkam and Amanda Krause

37. The Burden of Birth Defects and Genetic Disease in Sub-Saharan Africa
Ambroise Wonkam

38. Genetic Epidemiology of South Atlantic Oceanic Islands
Peter Beighton

39. Genetic Disorders in Minority Groups in South Africa
Peter Beighton

40. Hereditary Deafness in Southern Africa
Peter Beighton and Sean Sellars

41. Heritable Disorders of the Skeleton in South Africa
Peter Beighton

42. Heritable Disorders of Connective Tissue in South Africa
Peter Beighton

43. Genetic Perspectives of Tuberculosis in Southern Africa
Erika de Wit, Marlo Möller, and Eileen Hoal

44. Familial Cancer Syndromes in Africa
Yonglan Zheng, Toshio F. Yoshimatsu, and Olufunmilayo I. Olopade

45. Genetic Counseling in South Africa
Jacquie Greenberg, Jennifer Kromberg, Kelly Loggenberg, and Tina-Marié Wessels

46. Prenatal Diagnostic Services and Prevention of Birth Defects in South Africa
Michael Urban and Lut Geerts

47. Sociocultural Perspectives of Inherited Diseases in Southern Africa
Claire Penn and Jennifer Watermeyer

48. Ethical, Legal, and SocioCultural Issues and Genetic Services in Southern Africa
Jennifer G.R. Kromberg and Trefor Jenkins

49. The Genomic Research and Health Applications in South Africa
Billie-Jo Hardy, Béatrice Séguin, Raj Ramesar, Peter A. Singer and Abdallah S. Daar

Arab and Middle East

50. Hereditary Disorders in Arabs
Ghazi Omar Tadmouri and Mahmoud Taleb Al Ali

51. Community Health Implications of Consanguinity in Arab Populations
Ghazi O. Tadmouri, Pratibha Nair, Tasneem Obeid, and Hanan Hamamy

52. Clinical Dysmorphology in the Arab World
Lihadh Al-Gazali and Hanan Hamamy

53. The Population Genetics and Hereditary Diseases of Bahrain
Shaikha Salim Al-Arrayed

54. Genetic Diseases in the Sultanate of Oman
Anna Rajab and Michael A.Patton

55. Genetic Disorders in Lebanon: Challenges and Opportunities
Issam I. Khneisser, Salim. M. Adib, and Andre Megarbane

56. Genetic Disease in Palestine and Palestinians
Bassam Abu-Libdeh, Peter D. Turnpenny, and Ahmed Teebi

57. Genetic Skin Diseases in the Arab World
Mourad Mokni, Cherine Charfeddine, and Sonia Abdelhak

58. Hereditary Diseases of the Nervous System in Arabs
Nisrine Bissar-Tadmouri, Mohamad Al-Homssi, and Pratiba Nair

59. Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis in Saudi Arabia
Serdar Coskun, Wafa Qubbaj, and Aida I. Al-Aqeel

Asia-Pacific

60. Genomics for Universal Healthcare in Thailand
Béatrice Séguin, Billie-Jo Hardy, Peter A. Singer, and Abdallah S. Daar

61. Screening Newborns in the Asia-Pacific Region
Carmencita D. Padilla and Bradford L. Therrell

62. Clinical Dysmorphology and Birth Defects Registry in the Asia-Pacific Region
Meow Keong Thong

63. Prevention and Control of Thalassemia in Thailand
Chanane Wanapirak, Jintana Pattanapongthorn, Pranee Winichagoon, and Suthat Fucharoen

64. Inherited Metabolic Disorders in Thailand and the Asia-Pacific
Pornswan Wasant

65. Genetic Skeletal Dysplasias in Thailand
Pornswan Wasant

66. Medical Genetic Services in the Philippines
Carmencita Padilla, Eva Maria Cutiongco-de la Paz, and Catherine Lynn Silao

Chinese Subcontinent

67. Community and Public Health Genetics in China
Manshu Song, Youxin Wang, Lijuan Wu, Yun Wang, and Wei Wang

68. Genetic Epidemiology in China
Peng-Gao Li, Yan He and Wei Wang

69. Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Area of Genomics
Hong-Min Yun, Manshu Song, and Wei Wang

70. Inherited Factors in Cardiovascular Disease in China
Ling Zhang Ying Dai, and Wei Wang

71. Familial and Genetic Cancer in China
Fen Liu and Wei Wang

72. Genomic Medicine in Taiwan: Research and Developments
Ming Ta Michael Lee, Chien-Hsiun Chen, and Yuan-Tsong Chen

Indian Subcontinent

73. The Indian Subcontinent and its People
Dhavendra Kumar

74. Genomic Perspectives of Peopling and Languages of the Indian Subcontinent
Ganesh Prasad Arunkumar, Varatharajan Santhakumari Arun, Adhikarla Syama, Valampuri John Mary Selvam Kavitha, and Ramasamy M. Pitchappan

75. Genomic Diversity of HLA in the Indian Subcontinent
Narinder K. Mehra and Gurvinder Kaur

76. Genomic Applications in Medicine and Health in India
Billie-Jo Hardy, Béatrice Séguin, Peter A. Singer, Mitali Mukerji, Samir K. Brahmachari and Abdallah S. Daar

77. Epidemiology of Genetic Diseases in the Indian Subcontinent
Ishwar C. Verma and Dhavendra Kumar

78. Genetic Services in India: A Model for Developing Countries
Ratna D. Puri and Ishwar C. Verma

79. The Practice of Genetic Counseling in India
Meenakshi Bhatt

80. Social and Cultural Aspects of Customary Consanguineous Marriages in South Asia
Rafat Hussain

81. Medical Genetics and Genomics in Sri Lanka
Vajira H.W. Dissanayake

82. Inherited Factors in Obstructive Lung Diseases in India
Amrendra Kumar Gupta, Balaram Ghosh, and Anurag Agrawal

83. Inherited Metabolic Disease in India
Bal N. Apte

84. Genetic Variation and Genetic Epidemiology of Sri Lanka
Deepthi C. de Silva

85. Familial Cancer and Cancer Genetics in the Indian Subcontinent
Dhavendra Kumar

86. Inherited Disorders of the Eye in the Indian Subcontinent
Govindasamy Kumaramanickavel

87. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in India
Radha Venkatesan, Kanthimathi Sekar and Viswanathan Mohan

88. Hereditary Spinocerebellar Ataxias in India
Mohammed Faruq, Uma Mittal, Achal K. Srivastava, and Mitali Mukerji

89. Malformation Syndromes in India
Shubha Phadke

90. Thalassemias and Abnormal Hemoglobins of the Indian Subcontinent
John Old

91. The Management of Inherited Blood Diseases in the Indian Subcontinent
Reena Das

92. Conventional and Molecular Cytogenetics in India
Prochi F. Madon

93. Genetic Studies of Parkinson's Disease in India
Jharna Ray

94. The Genetic Basis of Alcoholism in India
Meera Vasani

95. The Genetics of Autism in India
G.K. Chetan, K.R. Manjunatha, Sam Balu, H.N. Venkatesh, and S.C. Grimaji

96. The Genetics of Leprosy in India
Mariakuttikan Jayalakshmi, Narayanan Kalyanaraman, and Ramasamy Pitchappan

97. The Current Status of Medical Genetics in India
Neerja Gupta and Madhulika Kabra

98. The Indian Landscape of Human/Medical Genetics Research and Service
Swati Naik, Arvind Rup Singh, and Jai Rup Singh

Latin America and the Caribbean

99. Design and Implementation of a Platform for Genomic Medicine in Mexico
Gerardo Jiménez-Sánchez, Julio Frenk, and Guillermo Soberón

100. Anthropological and Medical Implications of Genetic Admixture in the Mexican Mestizo Population
Ricardo M. Cerda-Flores and Augusto Rojas-Martinez

101. Medical and Human Genetics in Ecuador
César Paz-y-Miño

102. The Brazilian Ancestrome
Sérgio D.J. Pena

103. The Practice of Medical Genetics in Brazil
Dafne Dain Gandelman Horovitz, Antonia Paula Marques-de-Faria, and Victor Evangelista de Faria Ferraz

104. Population Medical Genetics in Brazil
Lavinia Schuller-Faccini and Roberto Giugliani

105. Medical Genetic Services in Latin America: Focus in Argentina
Victor B. Penchaszadeh

106. Hereditary Ataxias in Cuba
Luis Velázquez-Pérez, José Miguel Laffita-Mesa, and Roberto Rodríguez-Labrada

107. Latin American School of Human and Medical Genetics and Latin American Network of Human Genetics: promoting education, interaction and networking across Latin America
Roberto Giugliani, Guilherme Baldo, and Ursula Matte

Russia, Central Asia, and Europe

108. Genetic Legacy of Populations in Eurasia
I.A. Kutuev, B.B. Yunusbayev, and E.K. Khusnutdinova

109. MtDNA and Y-chromosomal Variation in Populations of Sakha (Yakutia)
Sardana A. Fedorova, Elza K. Khusnutdinova, and Richard Villems

110. Epidemiology of Hereditary Diseases in the European Sector of Russia
E.K. Ginter and R.A. Zinchenko

111. Hereditary Diseases among the Yakuts
Nadezda R. Maksimova and Anna N. Nogovitsina

112. Hereditary Diseases in Siberian Populations
Ludmila P. Nazarenko and V.P. Puzyrev

113. Hereditary Diseases in the Volga-Ural Region of Russia
Irina M. Khidiyatova, Irina R. Gilyazova, Vita L. Akhmetova and Elza K. Khusnutdinova

114. Inherited Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Russia
D. Gaysina, A. Zainullina, and E. Khusnutdinova

115. Genetic and Genomic Perspectives of Medical and Health Education in Hungary
Béla Melegh

116. Human and Medical Genetics in Hungary
Béla Melegh

117. The Genetics of Alcohol Dependence in Russia
A. Kazantseva, G. Faskhutdinova, and E. Khusnutdinova

118. Medical Genetics Teaching and Training in Russia
S.I. Kozlova and E.K. Ginter

119. Ethical and Legal Aspects of Medical Genetics in Russia
V.L. Izhevskaya and V.I. Ivanov

120. Bioethical Aspects of Genetics and Genomics in Yakut (Siberia)
S.K. Kononova, S.A. Fedorova, and E. Khusnutdinova

121. Inherited Metabolic Diseases among Migrant Ethnic Populations in the United Kingdom
Anupam Chakrapani and Maureen Cleary

122. Views of Inherited illness among British Pakistani Users of Genetic Services
Alison Shaw and Jane Hurst

123. Social, Cultural, and Religious Issues Related to Genetic Diseases among the Bangladeshis in the UK
Santi Rozario and Sophie Gilliat-Ray

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