Gentlemen, Bourgeois, and Revolutionaries: Political Change and Cultural Persistence among the Spanish Dominant Groups, 1750-1850

Gentlemen, Bourgeois, and Revolutionaries: Political Change and Cultural Persistence among the Spanish Dominant Groups, 1750-1850

by Jesus Cruz
     
 

The crisis of the Spanish old regime traditionally has been interpreted as a result of a bourgeois revolution. Historians have argued that the ascendant class was formed by a group of new landowners, merchants, and bureaucrats who dismantled the old feudal state and began to transform Spain into a capitalist society. In this book, Professor Cruz challenges this… See more details below

Overview

The crisis of the Spanish old regime traditionally has been interpreted as a result of a bourgeois revolution. Historians have argued that the ascendant class was formed by a group of new landowners, merchants, and bureaucrats who dismantled the old feudal state and began to transform Spain into a capitalist society. In this book, Professor Cruz challenges this viewpoint by arguing that in Spain, as in the rest of continental Europe, a national bourgeoisie did not exist before the second half of the nineteenth century. He proves the model of bourgeois revolution inadequate to explain any movement toward mobilization before 1850. Historiography based on the bourgeois revolution theory portrays Spain as an exceptional model whose main feature is the "failure" resulting from the immobility of its ruling class. Basing his conclusions in part on an impressive study of over five hundred merchants, bankers, bureaucrats, and politicians who lived in Madrid, Cruz argues that the nature of the crisis of the old regime in Spain was mainly political and in part economic, but never the consequence of a social revolution. This work revises the standard interpretive model of the crisis and relocates Spain in the mainstream for industrialization, urbanization, and democratization that characterizes the history of modern Europe.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521894166
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
10/31/2003
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
362
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.83(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
1Introduction3
2Merchants16
3Bankers58
4Bureaucrats and professionals87
5Politicians128
6Habitus, solidarity, and authority169
7Kinship, friendship, and patronage208
8Conclusion: Rethinking the Spanish revolution259
Appendix A: The sample277
Appendix B: Analysis of assets293
Appendix C: Archival sources317
References321
Index343

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