The Geology of Mars: Evidence from Earth-Based Analogs

The Geology of Mars: Evidence from Earth-Based Analogs

by Mary Chapman
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521206596

ISBN-13: 9780521206594

Pub. Date: 08/11/2011

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

With the prospect of a manned mission to Mars still a long way in the future, research into the geological processes operating there continues to rely on interpretation of images and other data returned by unmanned orbiters, probes, and landers. Such interpretations are necessarily based on our knowledge of processes occurring on Earth. Terrestrial analog studies…  See more details below

Overview

With the prospect of a manned mission to Mars still a long way in the future, research into the geological processes operating there continues to rely on interpretation of images and other data returned by unmanned orbiters, probes, and landers. Such interpretations are necessarily based on our knowledge of processes occurring on Earth. Terrestrial analog studies therefore play an important role in understanding the origin of geological features observed on Mars.

This book presents contributions from leading planetary geologists to demonstrate the parallels and differences between these two neighboring planets, and to provide a deeper understanding of the evolution of the Solar System. Mars is characterized by a wide range of geological phenomena that also occur on Earth, including tectonic, volcanic, impact cratering, aeolian, fluvial, glacial, and possibly lacustrine, and marine processes. This is the first book to present direct comparisons between locales on Earth and Mars and to provide terrestrial analogs for newly acquired data sets from Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Odyssey, Mars Exploration Rovers, and Mars Express. The results of these analog studies provide new insights into the role of different processes in the geological evolution of Mars. This book will therefore be a key reference for students and researchers of planetary science.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521206594
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
08/11/2011
Series:
Cambridge Planetary Science Series, #5
Edition description:
Reissue
Pages:
484
Product dimensions:
6.70(w) x 9.50(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents


Preface: the rationale for planetary analog studies     vii
List of contributors     xi
The geology of Mars: new insights and outstanding questions   James W. Head     1
Impact structures on Earth and Mars   Nadine G. Barlow   Virgil Sharpton   Ruslan O. Kuzmin     47
Terrestrial analogs to the calderas of the Tharsis volcanoes on Mars   Peter J. Mouginis-Mark   Andrew J. L. Harris   Scott K. Rowland     71
Volcanic features of New Mexico analogous to volcanic features on Mars   Larry S. Crumpler   Jayne C. Aubele   James R. Zimbelman     95
Comparison of flood lavas on Earth and Mars   Laszlo Keszthelyi   Alfred McEwen     126
Rootless volcanic cones in Iceland and on Mars   Sarah A. Fagents   Thorvaldur Thordarson     151
Mars interior layered deposits and terrestrial sub-ice volcanoes compared: observations and interpretations of similar geomorphic characteristics   Mary G. Chapman   John L. Smellie     178
Lava-sediment interactions on Mars: evidence and consequences   Tracy K. P. Gregg     211
Eolian dunes and deposits in the western United States as analogs to wind-related features on Mars   James R. Zimbelman   Steven H.Williams     232
Debris flows in Greenland and on Mars   Francois Costard   Francois Forget   Vincent Jomelli   Nicolas Mangold   Jean-Pierre Peulvast     265
Siberian rivers and Martian outflow channels: an analogy   Francois Costard   E. Gautier   D. Brunstein     279
Formation of valleys and cataclysmic flood channels on Earth and Mars   Goro Komatsu   Victor R. Baker     297
Playa environments on Earth: possible analogs for Mars   Goro Komatsu   Gian Gabriele Ori   Lucia Marinangeli   Jeffrey E. Moersch     322
Signatures of habitats and life in Earth's high-altitude lakes: clues to Noachian aqueous environments on Mars   Nathalie A. Cabrol   Chris P. McKay   Edmond A. Grin   Keve T. Kiss   Era Acs   Balint Toth   Istran Grigorszky   K. Szabo   David A. Fike   Andrew N. Hock   Cecilia Demergasso   Lorena Escudero   P. Galleguillos   Guillermo Chong   Brian H. Grigsby   Jebner Zambrana Roman   Cristian Tambley     349
The Canyonlands model for planetary grabens: revised physical basis and implications   Richard A. Schultz   Jason M. Moore    Eric B. Grosfils   Kenneth L. Tanaka   Daniel Mege     371
Geochemical analogs and Martian meteorites   Horton E. Newsom     400
Integrated analog mission design for planetary exploration with humans and robots   Kelly Snook   Brian Glass   Geoffrey Briggs   Jennifer Jasper     424
Index     457

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