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The Revolutionary War is ordinarily presented as a conflict exclusively between colonists and the British, fought along the northern Atlantic seacoast. This important work recounts the tragic events on the forgotten Western front of the American Revolution—a war fought against and ultimately won by Native America. The Natives, primarily the Iroquois League and the Ohio Union, are erroneously presented in history texts as allies (or lackeys) of the British, but Native America was working from its own internally generated agenda: to prevent settlers from invading the Old Northwest. Native America won the war in the West, holding the land west and north of the Allegheny-Ohio River systems. While the British may have awarded these lands to the colonists in the Treaty of Paris, the Native Americans did not concur.
Throughout the war, the unwavering goal of the Revolutionary Army, under George Washington, and their associated settler militias was to break the power of the Iroquois League, which had successfully held off invasion for the preceding two centuries, and the newly formed Ohio Union. To destroy the Natives in the way of land seizure, Washington authorized a series of rampages intended to destroy the League and the Union by starvation. Food, livestock, homes, and trees were destroyed, first in the New York breadbaskets, then in the Ohio granaries—spreading famine across Native lands. Uncounted thousands of Natives perished from New York to Pennsylvania to Ohio. This book tells how, in the wake of the massive assaults, the Natives held back the American onslaught.
“[Mann’s book] serves as a powerful statement of the native side of a conflict which has been sugar coated for two centuries. . . . The book should be required reading for all students seeking to understand the conflict on the frontier that lasted until the late nineteenth century. Given the extensive documentation provided, it will serve as an extremely valuable reference for college students and authors.”
—Walter Dunn, Journal of Military History
“Mann’s grasp of primary sources makes her narrative one of the most detailed recent studies of the military campaigns in western Pennsylvania and New York during the American War of Independence.”
—Patrick Spero, History
"To balance long-held beliefs about the Revolutionary War as a conflict between colonists and the British fought on the northern Atlantic seacoast, Mann (English, U. of Toledo) recounts the events on the western front, focusing primarily on the experiences of the Iroquois League and the Ohio Union. She uses American, British and Native documents and oral histories to argue that George Washington was fighting Native Americans, not the British, in the west and that he used the Revolutionary War to seize Native land after the Treaty of Paris in 1783."
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