Bridget Riley was born in 1931 in London, where she currently lives and works. Educated at Goldsmiths College of Art and at the Royal College of Art in London, she has exhibited widely since her first solo exhibition in 1962. Among numerous group exhibitions, Riley participated in the 1968 Venice Biennialwhere she won the international prizeand the 1986 Venice Biennial, as well as Documenta 4 in 1968 and Documenta 6 in 1977. Retrospectives of her work toured Europe and the world during the 70s, and she has exhibited work at institutions including The Museum of Modern Art, New York; the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles; The Victoria and Albert Museum, London, and the Tate Britain, London.
Jodi Hauptman is Asistant Professor, Department of Art History, University of Delaware.
Georges Seurat was born in 1859 in Paris. In 1878 he began his academic training at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts under the tutelage of Henri Lehmann, a disciple of Ingres. Emerging during the dominance of Impressionism, Seurat forged his own pictorial language through his invention of Pointillism. In 1886, at the pivotal Eighth Impressionist Exhibition, the artist displayed the culmination of his developing theories and methods"A Sunday on La Grande Jatte"a work that solidified his standing as a new leader of the avant-garde. In addition to his success as a painter, Seurat placed great value on his drawing practice, producing over 500 works on paper during his short lifetime. Although his career lasted only about 11 years, Seurat became one of the most influential artists of the nineteenth century. He died at the age of 31 in 1891 in Paris.