Germany in the High Middle Ages: c.1050-1200 / Edition 1by Horst Fuhrmann
Pub. Date: 12/28/1986
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Germany in the High Middle Ages opens with a wide-ranging and yet detailed description of the conditions under which men lived and their attitudes of mind during the period 1050–1200: against this background it proceeds to analyse the fundamental political, social, economic and cultural changes of the period in central Europe. Professor Fuhrmann considers
Germany in the High Middle Ages opens with a wide-ranging and yet detailed description of the conditions under which men lived and their attitudes of mind during the period 1050–1200: against this background it proceeds to analyse the fundamental political, social, economic and cultural changes of the period in central Europe. Professor Fuhrmann considers the social transformation brought about by the emergence of new classes such as ministeriales and burghers, and examines the intellectual renewal reflected in the rise of scholasticism and the foundation of the universities. He also describes the gradual erosion of the power of the German rulers, which led to the Empire losing its position as the leading power in Europe, and yet was accompanied, by a last flowering under the Staufen emperors amid the chivalric culture with which they were closely associated. Throughout the book these changes are contrasted with contemporary developments elsewhere in Europe, especially in France, England and Italy.
Table of Contents
Part I. German history in the High Middle Ages - Concepts, Explanations, Facts: 1. The three 'essentials' of history - space, time, and man; 2. Germany in the Europe of the high Middle Ages; Part II. 'Progress and Promise': The German Empire in the Mid Eleventh Century: 3. Social stratification and the structure of government in the Ottonian and Salian period; 4. Rex et sacerdos - the priestly kingship of Henry III (1039–56); 5. Strengths and weaknesses of Salian kingship; 6. Henry III as Roman patricius and the German popes; 7. The beginnings and aims of church reform; 8. The distance from the rest of Europe: France, England and the North; Part III. From Christus Domini to Antichrist: The King of Germany and the Investiture Contest: 9. The reign of Henry IV and its consequences; 10. The rise of the secular state and the priestly church; Part IV. Political Reorientation and Emergent Diversity: From Salian Imperial Church System to Staufer Kingship: 11. The results of the investiture contest; 12. 'The love of learning and the desire for God': church and spirituality in the age of Bernard of Clairvaux; 13. Lothar III: kingship without a future; 14. Conrad III: kingship without imperial glory; Part V. The Centre-Point of the German Middle Ages: Frederick Barbarossa and His Age: 15. The election of Frederick I and the policy of balance: Frederick and the Empire before the Alexandrine schism; 16. Empire and papacy in the struggle for supremacy; 17. New forms of government; 18. Henry VI and the shift in the Empire's centre of gravity; Bibliography; Index.
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