Ghosts of Halabja: Saddam Hussein and the Kurdish Genocide

Overview

Saddam Hussein's execution for his crimes against Iraq's Shia not only brought an end to his reign of oppression, but also to the justice that was to be served to the Iraqi Kurds. The unspeakable atrocities visited by Saddam upon the Kurds of Iraq are explored here, together with the trials of Saddam by the Iraqi High Tribunal. However, this work is more than a litigation history. It is also an exploration of the motivations behind and the depths of organized evil in the context of a single, brutal despot at the ...

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Ghosts of Halabja: Saddam Hussein and the Kurdish Genocide

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Overview

Saddam Hussein's execution for his crimes against Iraq's Shia not only brought an end to his reign of oppression, but also to the justice that was to be served to the Iraqi Kurds. The unspeakable atrocities visited by Saddam upon the Kurds of Iraq are explored here, together with the trials of Saddam by the Iraqi High Tribunal. However, this work is more than a litigation history. It is also an exploration of the motivations behind and the depths of organized evil in the context of a single, brutal despot at the helm of an artificially created multi-ethno/religious state lying atop massive oil wealth. Saddam's background and the context of his rule explain much about his actions, but not all. He remained an unpredictable tyrant to the end of his reign.

The Kurds have continually been subject to adversity since the end of World War I, when they were denied their own homeland, splitting them among three countries: Turkey, Iran, and Iraq. During Saddam's 24-year reign, the Kurds of Iraq were frequently under the knife of injustice. Between 1987 and 1989, Saddam unleashed genocide, razing over 2,000 villages and murdering at least 50,000 Kurds. As his dictatorship came to an end, the Kurds long-awaited opportunity to hold Saddam responsible for the atrocities against them seemed to have come, only to be sidetracked by the Iraqi High Tribunal, the Iraqi government, and the U.S. government. While the Shia rejoiced in their victory, the Kurds continued to be left behind. Saddam's death freed him of the charges against him by the Kurds. The world had turned its back on the Kurds in their age of genocide, and now appeared to turn a blind eye to the justice that was denied.

The unspeakable atrocities visited by Saddam upon the Kurds of Iraq are explored here together with the trials of Saddam by the Iraqi High Tribunal—both the completed prosecution for the Dujail massacre against the Shites and the incomplete one for the Anfal Campaigns against the Kurds. However, this work is more than a litigation history. It is also an exploration of the motivations behind and the depths of organized evil in the context of a single, brutal despot at the helm of an artificially created multi-ethno/religious state lying atop massive oil wealth, but situated in the most dangerous part of the world. Saddam's background and the context of his rule explain much about his actions, but not all. He remained an unpredictable tyrant to the end of his reign.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780275992101
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 10/30/2008
  • Series: Praeger Security International Series
  • Pages: 196
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

MICHAEL J. KELLY is Professor of Law at Creighton University School of Law. His 2005 book, Nowhere to Hide, received the Book of the Year Award from the U.S. Chapter of L'Association International du Droit Penal. He is a member of the International Association of Genocide Scholars, a contributing editor to the online legal news site JURIST, and Chair of the National Security Law Section of the Association of American Law Schools.

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Table of Contents

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

FOREWORD

PREFACE

INTRODUCTION: SADDAM HUSSEIN & THE PRELUDE TO GENOCIDE

PART ONE: GENOCIDE OF THE KURDS

CHAPTER 1 KURDISTAN (INTRO & BACKGROUND ON REGION & PEOPLE)

CHAPTER 2 THE ANFAL CAMPAIGNS

CHAPTER 3 THE GASSING OF HALABJA

PART TWO: THE TWO GULF WARS

CHAPTER 4 THE 1991 PERSIAN GULF WAR

CHAPTER 5 DIVIDED LOYALTIES (INTERNAL DISSENT W/N KURDISH FACTIONS)

CHAPTER 6 THE 2003 IRAQ WAR

PART THREE: SADDAM ON TRIAL

CHAPTER 7 CREATION OF THE IRAQI HIGH TRIBUNAL

CHAPTER 8 THE DUJAIL TRIAL

CHAPTER 9 THE ANFAL TRIAL & SADDAMS EXECUTION

CHAPTER 10 INTERNATIONAL LAW THE ROAD NOT TAKEN

CONCLUSION

NOTES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

APPENDICES

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