Gibraltar:

Gibraltar: "A Dagger in the Spine of Spain?"

by Gareth Stockey
     
 

ISBN-10: 1845193016

ISBN-13: 9781845193010

Pub. Date: 05/01/2009

Publisher: Sussex Academic Press

The ‘problem’ of Gibraltar has been a constant source of diplomatic tension between Britain and Spain for over three hundred years. Franco himself described the Rock as a ‘dagger in the spine of Spain’, and it was during his dictatorship that Spain’s diplomatic campaign to recover Gibraltar reached its height with the closing of the…  See more details below

Overview

The ‘problem’ of Gibraltar has been a constant source of diplomatic tension between Britain and Spain for over three hundred years. Franco himself described the Rock as a ‘dagger in the spine of Spain’, and it was during his dictatorship that Spain’s diplomatic campaign to recover Gibraltar reached its height with the closing of the frontier in 1969. Given this background, it has long been assumed by historians and commentators that relations between Gibraltar and its Spanish neighbour have also been strained. Gareth Stockey rejects this assumption, and demonstrates that relations across the frontier had in fact been cordial for most of the period of British occupation of the Rock. … The focus of this study is the Gibraltar–Spanish frontier. Rather than seeing the frontier as a physical entity – separating Gibraltar from its Spanish neighbour – the frontier is viewed as a process, through which the communities on either side of it fostered intimate social, cultural, political and economic links. Instead of creating a distinct and definable Gibraltarian ‘identity’ in this period – an identity which has since become a key argument in Gibraltar’s calls for self-determination – the frontier instead served to blur this identity, and infuse the Gibraltarians with an array of Spanish cultural influences. Ironically, given his stated desire to see the Rock returned to Spain, it was Franco’s policy of closing the Gibraltar frontier which hardened attitudes on both sides and made a solution to the Gibraltar ‘problem’ unlikely in the extreme. … This book, the first in any language to provide an in-depth local study of Gibraltar–Spanish relations, constitutes a major critique of accepted wisdom on the so-called Gibraltar ‘problem’. It also sheds light on a tempestuous period of Spanish history, and the early foreign policy of the Franco regime.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781845193010
Publisher:
Sussex Academic Press
Publication date:
05/01/2009
Pages:
304
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

The Canada Blanch Centre for Contemporary Spanish Studies ix

Series Editor's Preface xi

Acknowledgements xiii

List of Abbreviations xv

Introduction: The Significance of the Frontier in Gibraltarian History 1

1 'British' Gibraltar in the Early Twentieth Century 9

2 Economic Depression and the Effect of the Spanish Dictatorship during the 1920s 37

3 Shifting Allegiances and Social Tension: Gibraltar during the Peacetime Years of the Spanish Second Republic 64

4 'A House Divided': The Impact of the Spanish Civil War upon Gibraltarian Society 88

5 Towards a New Relationship: Local and National Relations between Gibraltar and Spain, July 1936 to August 1939 111

6 'The Franco Problem': Spanish Policy towards Gibraltar during the Second World War, 1939-1945 137

7 'Business as Usual? Cross-Frontier Relations between Gibraltar and the Campo, 1939-1945 159

8 The End of the Affair: Cross-Frontier Relations, 1945-1954 181

Conclusion: 'A Dagger in the Spine?' 221

Notes 232

Bibliography 279

Index 292

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