GIS and Remote Sensing Applications in Biogeography and Ecology / Edition 1

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Overview

This volume gathers together a representative set of examples from the many varied spatial techniques and analytical approaches being used by geographers, ecologists, and biogeographers to study plant and animal distributions, to assess processes affecting the observed patterns at selected spatial and temporal scales, and to discuss these examples within a strong conceptual spatial and/or temporal framework. Therefore, the aims of this volume are to:
• Identify the key spatial concepts that underpin Geographic Information Science (GISc) in biogeography and ecology;
• Review the development of these spatial concepts within geography and how they have been taken up in ecology and biogeography;
• Exemplify the use of the key spatial concepts underpinning GISc in biogeography and ecology using case studies from both vegetation science and animal ecology/biogeography that cover a wide range of spatial scales (from global to micro-scale) and different geographical regions (from arctic to humid tropical); and
• Develop an agenda for future research in GISc, which takes into account developments in biogeography and ecology, and their applications in GISc including remote sensing, geographic information systems, quantitative methods, spatial analysis, and data visualisation. £/LIST£ The idea for GIS and Remote Sensing Applications in Biogeography and Ecology arose from two joint symposia organized by the Biogeography Study Group of the International Geographical Union; the Biogeography, Remote Sensing, and GIS Specialty Groups of the Association of American Geographers, and the Biogeography Research Group of the Royal Geographical Society-Institute of British Geographers and held in Leicester and Honolulu in 1999. These groups represent the majority of geographers conducting research in biogeography and ecology and teaching this material to geographers.
While this material is increasingly being covered in a variety of disciplines and sub-disciplines (e.g., large-area ecology, landscape ecology, remote sensing and GIS), many researchers in these fields lack the training in spatial concepts behind the techniques that they utilize. The spatial concepts that are covered in this book are richer than those found within landscape ecology at the present time, and GIS and Remote Sensing Applications in Biogeography and Ecology will promote the use of many of these concepts among landscape ecologists.
GIS and Remote Sensing Applications in Biogeography and Ecology is suitable as a secondary text for a graduate level course, and as a reference for researchers and practitioners in industry.

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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Millington (geography, U. of Leicester, UK) and Walsh (geography, U. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, US) present 18 contributions detailing examples of the spatial techniques and analytical approaches used under the umbrella term Geographic Information Science (GISc). The intent of the editors is to provide an overview of the broad range of applications of GISc within the study of biogeography and ecology. Specific topics include the utilization of airborne digital multispectral image dynamics and kinematic global positioning systems for assessing and monitoring salt marsh habitats in Southern California; patterns of change in land-use, land-cover, and plant biomass in Northeast Thailand; stratified sampling for field surveys of environmental gradients in the Mojave Desert ecoregion; and linking biogeography and environmental management in the wetland landscape of coastal North Carolina. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

Table of Contents

Co-Editors: Abbreviated Profiles. Acknowledgements: List of Reviewers. 1. Introduction - Thinking Spatially; A.C. Millington, et al. 2. A Spectral Unmixing Approach to Leaf Area Index (LAI) Estimation at the Alpine Treeline Ecotone; D.G. Brown. 3. The Utilization of Airborne Digital Multispectral Image Dynamics and Kinematic Global Positioning Systems for Assessing and Monitoring Salt Marsh Habitats in Southern California; D. Stow, et al. 4. Spatial Variability in Satellite-Derived Seasonal Vegetation Dynamics; S.D. Jones, et al. 5. Documenting Land-Cover History of a Humid Tropical Environment in Northeastern Costa Rica Using Time-Series Remotely Sensed Data; J.M. Read, et al. 6. Patterns of Change in Land-Use and Land-Cover and Plant Biomass: Separating Intra- and Inter-Annual Signals in Monsoon-Driven Northeast Thailand; S.J. Walsh, et al. 7. Barriers and Species Persistence in a Simulated Grassland; D.M. Cairns. 8. Feedback and Pattern in Computer Simulations of the Alpine Treeline Ecotone; M.F. Bekker, et al. 9. Spatial Pattern and Dynamics of an Annual Woodland Herb; L. Bastin, C.D. Thomas. 10. Spatial Analysis of Micro-Environmental Change and Forest Composition in Belize; P.A. Furley, et al. 11. The Radiate Capitulum Morph of Senecio Vulgaris L. within Sussex: the Use of GIS in Establishing Origins; S. Waite, N. Burnside. 12. A Geographical Information Science (GISci) Approach to Exploring Variation in the Bush Cricket Ephippiger Ephippiger; D.M. Kidd, M.G. Ritchie. 13. The GIS Representation of Wildlife Movements: A Framework; L. Bian. 14.Stratified Sampling for Field Survey of Environmental Gradients in the Mojave Desert Ecoregion; J. Franklin, et al. 15. Development of Vegetation Pattern in Primary Successions on Glacier Forelands in Southern Norway; G.A. Grimm. 16. Multi-Scale Analysis of Land-Cover Composition and Landscape Management of Public and Private Lands in Indiana; T.P. Evans, et al. 17. Shifting Cultivation Without Deforestation: A Case Study in the Mountains of Northwestern Vietnam; J. Fox, et al. 18. Linking Biogeography and Environmental Management in the Wetland Landscape of Coastal North Carolina, The difference between nationwide and individual wetland permits; N.M. Kelly. Index.

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