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GIS and Remote Sensing Applications in Biogeography and Ecology
     

GIS and Remote Sensing Applications in Biogeography and Ecology

by Andrew C. Millington
 
In recent years, the conservation of tropical forests has received worldwide publicity whereas effective forest management, particularly for timber extraction, has attracted little attention and gained some notoriety. The overall aim of the present paper was to examine how environmental micro-variation in the Chiquibul Forest Reserve of Belize can influence species

Overview

In recent years, the conservation of tropical forests has received worldwide publicity whereas effective forest management, particularly for timber extraction, has attracted little attention and gained some notoriety. The overall aim of the present paper was to examine how environmental micro-variation in the Chiquibul Forest Reserve of Belize can influence species distribution and thereby inform management strategy. The paper deals first with the background to forest management in Belize, then considers the methodology used in the present study and fin~~ly assesses the preliminary results. The specific objectives are: (1) to assess the effects of changing scale on the variability of selected individual soil properties in forest plots within the same vegetation class; and (2) to examine the variation in soil properties and tree species distribution, and to integrate environmental and ecological data over a range of scales. BACKGROUND Whereas the global and regional distribution of tropical forests is broadly governed by climatic and altitudinal variation, individual forest tracts need to consider a range of other, locally important factors to explain species distribution and change. With very high species diversity, tropical forests present a major challenge in the attempt to unravel controlling factors in distribution and growth (Swaine et aI. 1987). Research that attempts to explain diversity has looked at species distribution according to a range of factors, with a general recognition that soil fertility plays a significant if ill­ defined role (Swaine 1996).

Editorial Reviews

Millington (geography, U. of Leicester, UK) and Walsh (geography, U. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, US) present 18 contributions detailing examples of the spatial techniques and analytical approaches used under the umbrella term Geographic Information Science (GISc). The intent of the editors is to provide an overview of the broad range of applications of GISc within the study of biogeography and ecology. Specific topics include the utilization of airborne digital multispectral image dynamics and kinematic global positioning systems for assessing and monitoring salt marsh habitats in Southern California; patterns of change in land-use, land-cover, and plant biomass in Northeast Thailand; stratified sampling for field surveys of environmental gradients in the Mojave Desert ecoregion; and linking biogeography and environmental management in the wetland landscape of coastal North Carolina. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781461355960
Publisher:
Springer US
Publication date:
04/30/2013
Series:
Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science , #626
Edition description:
Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2001
Pages:
333
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.03(d)

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