Gladstone and Disraeli

Overview

Gladstone and Disraeli surveys and compares the careers of these two influential Prime Ministers. Stephen J. Lee examines how Gladstone and Disraeli emerged as leaders of the two leading parties and goes on to consider their time in power, analyzing many different aspects of their careers.

Using a wide variety of sources and historiography, Lee compares and contrasts the beliefs of Gladstone and Disraeli, their effect on the economy, social reform, the Irish problem and ...

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Overview

Gladstone and Disraeli surveys and compares the careers of these two influential Prime Ministers. Stephen J. Lee examines how Gladstone and Disraeli emerged as leaders of the two leading parties and goes on to consider their time in power, analyzing many different aspects of their careers.

Using a wide variety of sources and historiography, Lee compares and contrasts the beliefs of Gladstone and Disraeli, their effect on the economy, social reform, the Irish problem and parliamentary reform, and on foreign policy.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415323567
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 5/19/2005
  • Series: Questions and Analysis in History Series
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 208
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.50 (h) x 0.63 (d)

Meet the Author

Stephen J. Lee is Head of History at Bromsgrove School. His many publications include The European Dictatorships, 1918-1945 (2nd edition, 2000) and in this series, Imperial Germany, 1871-1918 (1998), Hitler and Nazi Germany (1998), The Weimar Republic (1998) and Lenin and Revolutionary Russia (2003).

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Table of Contents

List of illustrations viii
Introduction ix
Acknowledgements xi
Outline chronology of ministerial posts xii
1 Gladstone and Disraeli before 1868 1
Background 1
Analysis 1 Compare the contributions made to British politics between 1832 and 1868 by Gladstone and Disraeli 5
Analysis 2 How and why have interpretations differed about the achievements of Gladstone and Disraeli before 1868? 8
Sources
1 Disraeli and the Conservative party before 1866 15
2 Interpretations of the influence of Peel on Gladstone 20
2 The ideas of Gladstone and Disraeli 27
Background 27
Analysis 1 Compare and contrast the main ideas of Gladstone and Disraeli 28
Analysis 2 How have historians assessed the ideas and attitudes of Gladstone and Disraeli? Why have their explanations differed? 32
Sources
1 'Disraelian Conservatism' and 'Tory Democracy' 40
2 Interpretations of the role of religion in Gladstone's ideas 43
3 Social, economic and institutional reforms 46
Background 46
Analysis 1 Compare the contributions of Gladstone and Disraeli to the development of the British economy 49
Analysis 2 How have historians viewed the economic, social and institutional reforms of Gladstone and Disraeli? 52
Sources
1 Disraeli's social reforms 61
2 Interpretations of the reforms of Gladstone's first ministry (1868-74) and Disraeli's second ministry (1874-80) 64
4 Constitutional reform 66
Background 66
Analysis 1 Compare the attitudes and policies of Gladstone and Disraeli on the reform of Parliament 70
Analysis 2 Examine the views of historians on Gladstone, Disraeli and the Reform Acts of 1867 and 1884 72
Sources
1 Gladstone and parliamentary reform 79
2 Interpretations of Disraeli and the 1867 Reform Act 81
5 Foreign policy 85
Background 85
Analysis 1 Compare the aims of Gladstone and Disraeli in their foreign policies between 1868 and 1885 88
Analysis 2 How have historians interpreted the involvement of Gladstone and Disraeli in the Eastern Question between 1870 and 1885? 90
Sources
1 The 'Bulgarian Horrors' 98
2 Interpretations of Disraeli and the Treaty of Berlin (1878) 101
6 Imperialism and Empire 104
Background 104
Analysis 1 Compare the records of Gladstone and Disraeli on imperial issues 106
Analysis 2 Consider the range of historical viewpoints on the reasons behind the imperial policies of Gladstone and Disraeli 111
Sources
1 Problems in the Empire 118
2 Interpretations of motives for Empire 121
7 Ireland 124
Background 124
Analysis 1 Did Disraeli give the Conservative party 'a policy on Ireland'? 128
Analysis 2 How have historians interpreted the reasons for and effects of Gladstone's pursuit of the policy of Home Rule for Ireland? 131
Sources
1 'Irish Home Rule' and its implications for 'Empire' 139
2 Interpretations of Gladstone and Ireland 141
8 Gladstone, Disraeli and their political parties 145
Background 145
Analysis 1 Compare the contributions made to their political parties by Gladstone and Disraeli 150
Analysis 2 How have historians interpreted the contributions of Gladstone and Disraeli to their parties? 153
Sources
1 The electoral performance of the Liberals and Conservatives 1865-95 165
2 Gladstone, Disraeli, and 'mass' appeal 168
Notes 171
Select bibliography 183
Index 187
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